Scottish Gaelic Airmagh
Irish Ard Mhacha
|ZIP code section||BT60, BT61|
|Part of the country||Northern Ireland|
|District||Armagh, Banbridge and Craigavon|
Armagh ( [ɑɹˈmɑː] ; Irish Ard Mhacha [ard ˈwaˑxə] , "height of the (goddess) Macha ") is a city in Northern Ireland with the status of a city and the seat of the historic county of Armagh . It was the administrative seat of the former District Armagh , which in 2015 became the District Armagh, Banbridge and Craigavon . Armagh is about 65 km (40 miles) southwest of Belfast .
History and meaning
According to legend, Armagh was founded in 444 by Saint Patrick . From a historical point of view, the fact that Armagh was firmly associated with him very early on from references in Patrick's writings is more tangible. The monastery of Armagh, which was probably founded around Patrick's time (possibly actually by himself), skillfully exploited this association in the following centuries for power politics, whereby the abbishops were probably helped by the fact that the Navan Fort ( Emain Macha ) was an old center of power of Northern Ireland was in close geographical proximity. Through the collection of relics and the establishment of consecration places for Patrick, a seemingly indissoluble connection was established between the herald of Christianity and the bishopric. Despite initial serious rivalries with other Irish monasteries, Armagh was the undisputed ecclesiastical power with significant secular influence as early as the early Middle Ages .
To this day, Armagh is therefore a religious and spiritual center of Ireland : it is the seat of both the Anglican and the Roman Catholic Archbishop . Both hold the title Archbishop of Armagh ( Archbishop of Armagh ) and Primate of All Ireland ( Primate of All Ireland).
The collective manuscript Book of Armagh , which, in addition to Latin texts, also contains some of the oldest texts in the Irish language, was probably also created in the monastery of Armagh around 807 . The Latin texts include a. two vitae of Patrick and other writings about him. Im also in the Book of Armagh contained Liber Angueli Patrick (and thus, according to general interpretation, Armagh) granted Prima rights throughout Ireland by an angel. The Irish-language passages are the first surviving coherent texts in the Irish language. These are mainly commentaries on selected parts of the Bible .
The denominations are distributed in Armagh as follows: 71.2% of the population belong to the Roman Catholic Church , 25.5% are Protestants, mostly members of the Anglican Church of Ireland . 3.3% belong to another or no religious community .
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Armagh also includes areas that belong to the Republic of Ireland, the Anglican Diocese of Armagh is limited to the area of Northern Ireland. The leaders of the two dioceses / dioceses are Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland ( Primate of All Ireland). The respective cathedrals are both dedicated to the Irish national saint St. Patrick .
- The Church of Ireland's St Patrick's Cathedral dates back to 1268 and was restored in 1834. It stands on the hill where Saint Patrick is said to have built the first church in 445.
- The Roman Catholic St. Patrick's Cathedral in neo-Gothic style was begun in 1840 and consecrated the 1904th It is one of the largest churches in Ireland.
sons and daughters of the town
- Malachias (1094 / 95–1148), Christian saint
- James Colebrooke Patterson (1839–1929), Canadian politician
- Charles Wood (1866–1926), composer
- Robert d'Hooghe (1903–1987), Belgian-German publisher, book and art dealer, journalist and critic
- Christopher Vokes (1904–1985), Canadian Major General
- Patrick Magee (1922–1982), actor
- Ian Paisley (1926–2014), Protestant pastor and politician
- Jim Nicholson (* 1945), politician of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP)
- Seamus McGarvey (* 1967), feature film cameraman and music video director
- Brian Kirk (* 1968), film and television director
- Colin Morgan (born 1986), actor
- Northern Ireland Assembly: Dr Raymond Russell, Key Statistics for Settlements, Census 2011 , accessed July 4, 2020
- https://www.ninis2.nisra.gov.uk/public/SearchResults.aspx?sk=Religion ; [NISRA: Religion or Religion Brought Up In: CT0424NI DEA2014 2011]; Census 2011, the numbers refer to the age group from 16 to 64 years.