Church of Ireland

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Church of Ireland
Eaglais na hÉireann
Belief Anglicanism
organization Episcopal Church
distribution Ireland island
Primate from all over Ireland Archbishop Richard Lionel Clarke
membership Anglican Community
founder Claims for himself the episcopal succession of St. Patrick . Founded as a state church in 1536 under King Henry VIII . Separated from the state in 1871 under Queen Victoria .
Establishment date 1871 (no longer a state church)
Members 378,000

The Church of Ireland ("Church of Ireland", Irish : Eaglais na hÉireann , pronunciation : / ˈagləʃ nə ˈheːrʲən / ) is a member church of the Anglican Communion . It has around 390,000 believers - significantly fewer than the Catholic Church in Ireland - of whom around two thirds live in Northern Ireland .


Dioceses of the Church of Ireland

The church comprises two ecclesiastical provinces:

Ecclesiastical Province of Armagh

The first is the Anglican ecclesiastical province of Armagh , which is also the seat of the Anglican Primate of all Ireland , with the dioceses :

coat of arms diocese cathedral Location of the dioceses on the island website
Archbishop of Armagh arms.svg
Armagh Diocese St Patrick's Cathedral , Armagh Armagh Cathedral (Church of Ireland) .jpg C of I Diocese of Armagh.png
Diocese of Clogher arms.svg
Diocese of Clogher,
County Tyrone
St Macartan's Cathedral, Clogher ClogherCathedral.JPG C of I Diocese of Clogher.png
St Macartin's Cathedral , Enniskillen EnniskillenCathedral.jpg
Diocese of Connor arms.svg
Diocese of Connor Christ Church Cathedral, Lisburn LisburnCathedral.jpg C of I Diocese of Connor.png
St Anne's Cathedral, Belfast Cathedral St. Anne Belfast.jpg
Diocese of Derry and Raphoe arms.svg
Diocese of Derry and Raphoe
(Counties Londonderry and Donegal)
St Columb's Cathedral , Derry Londonderry St. Columb's Cathedral Northern Ireland@panorama.jpg C of I Diocese of Derry and Raphoe.png
St Eunan's Cathedral, Raphoe RaphoeCathedral.JPG
Diocese of Down and Dromore arms.svg
Diocese of Down and Dromore
(Counties Down and Tyrone)
Cathedral of the Holy and Undivided Trinity, Downpatrick Down Cathedral (01), August 2009.JPG C of I Diocese of Down and Dromore.png
Cathedral of Christ the Redeemer, Dromore DromoreCathedral.JPG
Diocese of Kilmore, Elphin and Ardagh arms.svg
Diocese of Kilmore , Elphin and Ardagh St Fethlimidh's Cathedral, Kilmore KilmoreCathederal.jpg C of I Diocese of Kilmore.png
St John the Baptist Cathedral, Sligo Sligo Cathedral - - 241318.jpg
Diocese of Tuam, Killala and Achonry arms.svg
Diocese of Tuam , Killala and Achonry
(Counties Galway and Mayo)
St. Mary's Cathedral , Tuam TuamCICathedral.jpg C of I Diocese of Tuam, Killala and Achonry.png
St. Patrick's Cathedral, Killala Killala St. Patrick's Cathedral SE 2013 09 10.jpg

Ecclesiastical Province of Dublin

The second is the Anglican ecclesiastical province of Dublin, seat of the Anglican Primate of the Republic of Ireland with the dioceses

coat of arms diocese cathedral Location of the dioceses on the island website
Archbishop of Dublin arms.svg
Diocese of Dublin and Glendalough Christ Church Cathedral , Dublin Christ Church Cathedral (Dublin) .jpg C of I Diocese of Dublin & Glendalough.png
Diocese of Cashel, Ferns and Ossory arms.svg
Cashel and Ossory Diocese St. John's Cathedral, Cashel CashelCICathedral.JPG C of I Diocese of Cashel & Ossory.png
Christ Church Cathedral, Waterford Christ Church Cathedral Waterford from The Mall.jpg
St. Carthage's Cathedral , Lismore Lismore St Carthages Cathedral 2007 08 03.jpg
St. Canice's Cathedral , Kilkenny Kilkenny St Canice Cathedral SW 2007 08 28.jpg
Ferns Cathedral, Ferns FernsCathedral.JPG
St Laserian's Cathedral, Old Leighlin LeighlinCathedral.JPG
Diocese of Cork, Cloyne and Ross arms.svg
Diocese of Cork , Cloyne and Ross Saint Fin Barre's Cathedral, Cork St Finbarr's Cathedral, Cork - - 661087.jpg C of I Diocese of Cork, Cloyne and Ross.png
Cathedral of St. Fachtna , Rosscarbery RosscarberyCathedral.JPG
St. Colman's Cathedral, Cloyne Cloyne St. Colman's Cathedral N 2015 08 27.jpg
Diocese of Limerick and Killaloe arms.svg
Diocese of Limerick and Killaloe St Mary's Cathedral, Limerick LimerickCICathedral.jpg C of I Diocese of Limerick and Killaloe.png
Cathedral of St. Flannan , Killaloe KillaloeCathedral.jpg
Cathedral of St Brendan, Clonfert ClonfertCathedral.JPG
Diocese of Meath and Kildare arms.svg
Diocese of Meath and Kildare St Patrick's Cathedral, Trim TrimCathedral.jpg C of I Diocese of Meath and Kildare.png
Cathedral of St. Brigid, Kildare Kildare Cathedral NW 2013 09 04.jpg

Its highest authority is the General Synod, which the Representative Church Body (RCB) maintains as a permanent organ. This includes the 12 bishops of this church, 12 members elected by the clergy, 24 lay representatives elected by the dioceses and 12 members appointed by the RCB.


In 1536 King Henry VIII of England broke with the papacy and therefore with the Catholic Church . Since Heinrich Also as 1541 King of Ireland was crowned, Ireland was one from this time by personal union formally to England. As a sister church of the newly founded Church of England , the Church of Ireland was created under his successors . In the following decades all of Ireland's churches and cathedrals passed into their possession. In addition, a large number of monasteries were razed . The Church of Ireland profited to a large extent from the political, social and cultural dominance of the Protestants in Ireland that was now beginning . Especially after the adoption of the penal law ( Penal Laws ) against the Catholic Church and the Protestant Free Churches in the 1690s was the Church of Ireland was almost the only church in Ireland who work and build without restrictions. Since these penal laws also applied in England and Wales , their position roughly corresponded to that of the Church of England there. As a result of the union of Great Britain and Ireland in 1800, the two state churches were temporarily unified. Unlike in England, the autochthonous Irish population opposed the ecclesiastical supremacy of the English kings with a large majority and remained loyal to the Catholic underground church despite the Anglican parish compulsion .

As an indirect consequence of Catholic emancipation , the previously outstanding position of the Church of Ireland was weakened. This was removed from the budget of the Church of England with the Irish Church Act 1869 , the law came into force on January 1, 1871. At the same time it lost its official status as a state church . The previous financing of the church by paying tithes, which affected all citizens of Ireland, was abolished; Catholics and members of free churches had to pay tithing to the Anglican Church of Ireland. The Irish Church then stopped sending members to the House of Lords. The division of the island of Ireland into the Republic of Ireland in 1922 and Northern Ireland , which is still legally linked to Great Britain, had no direct organizational influence on the Church of Ireland ; she is still responsible for all of Ireland.

Anglican Church of Ireland today

The Church of Ireland is a member of the Porvoo Fellowship and has agreed full communion with these churches . It was one of the first Anglican churches to allow women to be ordained in 1991 . Because of their dominant position in Ireland for centuries, the largest and most imposing churches and cathedrals built before 1800 in many Irish cities still belong to the Church of Ireland , while the Catholic Church built new structures in the 19th century. Because of the relatively small proportion of Anglicans in the total population, these churches, which are actually too large, are rarely filled with people during church services .

Michael Jackson has been Archbishop of Dublin and Bishop of Glendalough since 2011 .

In September 2013, Pat Storey , the new director of the Diocese of Meath and Kildare, was elected for the first time in the history of the Church of Ireland a woman to a bishopric.

See also

Web links

Individual evidence

  2. Pat Storey: First Anglican bishop appointed in Ireland . Spiegel Online, September 20, 2013, accessed on the same day.