Anglican Church of Canada

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Coat of arms of the Anglican Church of Canada
Anglican Church of Canada Flag.svg
Anglican Church of Canada Badge.svg

The Anglican Church of Canada ( English Anglican Church of Canada , French l'Église Anglicane du Canada ) is a member church of the Anglican Communion in Canada with about 359,000 members. It consists of 30 dioceses - the diocese Cariboo in the "Central Interior" area of British Columbia is currently inactive and is administered by a suffragan bishop of the Archbishop of British Columbia & the Yukon - which are divided into four ecclesiastical provinces. The first primate (14th primate) of the Anglican Church of Canada since July 16, 2019 is Linda Nicholls , who was Bishop of Huron from 2016 to 2019. The highest authority is the general synod , which meets every three years.

The 2011 census found that 1.63 million residents of Canada identify as Anglicans . This is 4.97% of the total population. There were 774,560 Anglicans living in the province of Ontario alone.

Official name of the Anglican Church of Canada

The church's current English name, Anglican Church of Canada , was adopted in 1955. Until then, the church was called The Church of England in Canada .

The French name of the church has been l'Église Anglicane du Canada since 1989 . Between 1977 (the canonical church laws were only amended accordingly in 1983) and 1989 it was officially called l'Église Episcopale du Canada in French .


Origins of the Anglican Church in British North America

The first clerics of the pre-Reformation Church in England were chaplains who accompanied John Cabot's expedition in 1497.

Anglicans were very large among the North American loyalists who fled to Canada after the American Revolution , and membership of the Anglican Church was characteristic of the ruling elite in the British colonies in North America at a time when the colonial governments were not elected by a colonial parliament (until approx. 1848).

Until the 1830s, the Anglican Church in Canada was part of the Church of England : bishops were appointed and priests were sent from England, and the church was funded by the British Parliament . The first Canadian Synods convened in the 1850s, giving the Canadian Church a degree of autonomy. 1861, as a result of the decision of the Judiciary Committee of the Privy Council Long v. Gray , all Anglican churches in colonies of the British Empire became autonomous. However, the first general synod for all of Canada was not held until 1893. There Robert Machray was chosen as the first primate.

20th century

In the first part of the 20th century, the ACC strengthened its traditional role as an establishment church, although there was also increasing influence from the social gospel movement , which was also spreading in Canada , and Christian socialism from parts of the Church of England also came in Canada expressed. Those influences culminated in the creation of what would later become known as Primate's World Relief and Development Fund in 1958 .

The change accelerated towards the end of the 1960s when Mainline Churches saw the first wave of membership and church attendance decline. Ecumenical relations were intensified with the aim of full church fellowship.

The ordination of women to the priesthood has been practiced in the Anglican Church of Canada since the 1970s . Victoria Matthews became the first Bishop of the Anglican Church of Canada in 1997 . In 2016, the Anglican Church of Canada endorsed same-sex marriage for couples .


The supreme body of the church is the General Synod, which meets every three years and consists of lay people, priests and bishops from each of the 30 dioceses.


Most Anglican cathedrals in Canada are modest parish churches, with the exception of the Toronto , Halifax , St. John's and Victoria cathedrals , which are larger in size or have impressive architecture, although even these are rather modest by European or even Australian standards. Diocesan functions are therefore often held in church buildings of the Roman Catholic Church or the United Church of Canada because of the limited number of seats in most Anglican cathedrals . The Christ Church Cathedral in Ottawa , although it does not have a national designation like the Washington National Cathedral , is nevertheless the usual location for state events that are to take place in a church setting, such as B. State funerals for non-Roman Catholics.



Diocese cathedral Seat bishop founding year
Ecclesiastical Province of Canada
Central Newfoundland St. Martin's Cathedral Gander David Torraville 1976
Eastern Newfoundland and Labrador Cathedral Church of St. John the Baptist St. John's Cyrus Pitman 1976 (1839)
Fredericton Christ Church Cathedral Fredericton Claude Miller 1845
Montreal Christ Church Cathedral Montreal Barry Clarke 1850
Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island All Saints' Cathedral Halifax Susan Moxley 1787
Quebec Cathedral of the Holy Trinity Quebec Dennis Drainville 1793
Western Newfoundland Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist Corner Brook Percy Coffin 1976
Ecclesiastical Province of British Columbia and the Yukon
Anglican Parishes of the Central
Interior (Cariboo 1914–2001)
St. Paul's Cathedral Kamloops Barbara Andrews 2002
British Columbia Christ Church Cathedral Victoria James AJ Cowan 1875
Caledonia St. Andrew's Cathedral Prince Rupert William John Anderson 1879
Kootenay St. Michael and All Angels Cathedral Kelowna John Privett 1899
New Westminster Christ Church Cathedral Vancouver Michael Ingham 1879
Yukon Christ Church Cathedral Whitehorse Larry Robertson 1891
Ecclesiastical Province of Ontario
Algoma St. Luke's Cathedral Sault Ste. Marie Stephen Andrews 1873
Huron St. Paul's Cathedral London Linda Nicholls (2016-2019) 1857
Moosonee St. Matthew's Cathedral Timmins Tom Corston 1872
Niagara Christ Church Cathedral Hamilton Michael A. Bird 1875
Ontario St. George's Cathedral Kingston George LR Bruce 1862
Ottawa Christ Church Cathedral Ottawa John Holland Chapman 1896
Toronto St. James Cathedral Toronto Colin Johnson 1839
Church province of Ruperts Land
Arctic St. Jude's Cathedral Iqaluit Andrew Atagotaaluk 1933
Athabasca St. James' Cathedral Peace River Fraser Lawton 1876
Brandon St. Matthew's Cathedral Brandon James Njegovan 1913
Calgary Cathedral Church of the Redeemer Calgary 1888
Edmonton All Saints' Cathedral Edmonton Jane Alexander 1913
Keewatin St. Alban's Cathedral Kenora David N. Ashdown 1902
Qu'Appelle St. Paul's Cathedral Regina Gregory Kerr-Wilson 1884
Rupert's Land Cathedral of St. John Winnipeg Donald D. Phillips 1849
Saskatchewan St. Alban's Cathedral Prince Albert Michael Hawkins 1874
Saskatoon St. John's Cathedral Saskatoon David Irving 1874

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Number of Canadian Anglicans, Parishes and Congregations - Anglican Church of Canada . Accessed January 2, 2020.
  2. ^ Stats Canada official website
  3. a b Anglican Church of Canada Handbook ( Memento of November 28, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 80 kB)
  4. Anglican Church of Canada: Ordination of Women in the Anglican Church of Canada (Deacons, Priests and Bishops)
  5. Guardian: Anglican church of Canada backs same-sex marriage, a day after rejecting it