London (Ontario)

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London skyline
London skyline
Motto : The Forest City
Location in Ontario
London (Ontario)
State : CanadaCanada Canada
Province : Ontario
Region : Middlesex County
Coordinates : 43 ° 2 ′  N , 81 ° 9 ′  W Coordinates: 43 ° 2 ′  N , 81 ° 9 ′  W
Height : 251  m
Area : 420.35 km²
Inhabitants :
Metropolitan Area :
383,822 (as of 2016)
494,069 (as of 2016)
Population density : 913.1 inhabitants / km²
Time zone : Eastern Time ( UTC − 5 )
Postal code : N5V-N6P
Area code : +1 519 and 226
Foundation : 1826
Mayor : Matt Brown
Website :

London [ ˈlʌndən ] is a city in the Middlesex district in the southern part of the province of Ontario in Canada . It is located at latitude 43 ° 2 'north and longitude 81 ° 9' west and has about 384,000 inhabitants. The River Thames flows through London.

The first settlement dates back to 1826, and London has been a city since 1855. It is located between Lake Huron and Lake Erie , halfway between Toronto and Detroit in the Western Ontario region .


Before the arrival of the Europeans in the 17th century, various Algonquin and Iroquois peoples (Iroquois) lived in this region . The city is home to the Museum of Ontario Archeology , which was built next to the remains of a 15th-century neutrals village consisting of 19 longhouses . The Algonquian settlement on Askunessippi (today: Thames ) was called "Kotequogong". This place was chosen in 1793 by Lieutenant John Graves Simcoe for the settlement of the future capital of Anglophone Ontario (Upper Canada) and named after the British capital London . Settlement did not begin until 1826 and London never became the capital of a Canadian province. In 1856 London became the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of London with the St. Peter's Cathedral Basilica built in 1885 .

While other cities in Ontario - such as the capital Toronto - were Protestant until the 20th century , London tried to break down denominational barriers as early as the 19th century. Protestant and Catholic Irish founded the Irish Benevolent Society in 1877 , which was open to both denominations .

The growth of the city of London is not yet complete, in the 1990s some of the surrounding towns were incorporated. London is now the eleventh largest city in Canada and the fifth largest in Ontario.

London is also shaped by the University of Western Ontario , which is also home to Canada's best business school, the Richard Ivey School of Business . With over 30,000 students, the city has a lively student life.


London's economy is shaped by vehicle production (locomotives and military vehicles), biotechnology and information technology . Suppliers for American car manufacturers have settled here. London International Airport is on the outskirts.


The census in 2016 showed a population of 383,822 inhabitants for the municipality, after the census in 2011 showed a population of 366,151 inhabitants for the municipality. The population has increased by 4.8% compared to the last census in 2011 and is therefore close to the provincial average with a population increase in Ontario of 4.6%. In the census period from 2006 to 2011, the population in the municipality increased by 3.9%, below average, while the provincial average increased by 5.7%.

For the 2016 census, a median age of 39.7 years was determined for the municipality . The median age of the province in 2016 was only 41.3 years. The average age was 47.5 years, or 42.3 years in the province. For the 2011 census, a median age of 39.3 years was determined for the municipality. The median age of the province in 2011 was 40.4 years.

80% of the residents of London state that English is their mother tongue, there are also Arabic , Chinese , French , Polish , Portuguese , Italian and Spanish minorities with a language share of 1–3% each.


London gets drinking water from Lake Huron.


In 2013, the World Figure Skating Championships took place in Budweiser Gardens.

Town twinning

  • China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China Nanjing , People's Republic of China


Web links

Commons : London (Ontario)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b London Community Profile. Census 2016. In: Statistics Canada . April 24, 2018, accessed on July 16, 2018 .
  2. ^ London Community Profile. Census 2011. In: Statistics Canada . May 31, 2016, accessed on July 16, 2018 .
  3. watersupply london