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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Battle of Mezőgeresztes, Ottoman manuscript
With the victory in the Battle of Mezőkeresztes in the Long Turkish War , the way to Central Europe is open for the Ottomans .
Sigismund III.
The Polish King
Sigismund III. Wasa
moves its capital
from Krakow to Warsaw .
Willem Barent
The Dutch
navigator Willem Barents
goes in search of
the Northeast Passage .
1596 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1044/45 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1588/89 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1001/1002 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2139/40 (southern Buddhism); 2138/39 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar Year of the fire monkey丙申 ( at the beginning of the year wood sheep 乙未)
Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 958/959 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3929/30 (2-3 October)
Iranian calendar 974/975
Islamic calendar 1004/05 (turn of the year August 24th / 25th)
Jewish calendar 5356/57 (September 22-23)
Coptic calendar 1312/13 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 771/772
Seleucid era Babylon: 1906/07 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1907/08 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1652/53 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Turkish war

Timisoara during the Ottoman occupation
  • June 11th: When the Transylvanian Prince Sigismund Báthory tries to recapture Timisoara, which has been in Ottoman possession since 1552 , the fortress is enclosed on all sides. After 40 days, however, the new siege of Timisoara was abandoned due to insufficient supplies.
Erlau in the 16th century
Georg Hoefnagel

Other events in Europe


Voyages of discovery

The voyage of discovery of Willem Barents


  • June 4th: Erhard Cellius founds a printing company with an attached bookstore in Tübingen , the forerunner of today's Osiander bookstore .
  • November 29th: In Spain , King Philip II orders the suspension of all payments by the Spanish crown and thus a state bankruptcy for the last time in his reign. Others had occurred in 1557 and 1575.
  • The shoemaker Hans Mayr is made purveyor to the court of the kings of Saxony.

science and technology


The lute player



  • May 20: The Archdiocese of Luanda is founded.
  • October 6th to 9th: Leading representatives of the Ruthenian Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church in Poland-Lithuania close the Union of Brest at a synod . It includes a connection of the Orthodox eparchies to the structure and canon law of the Catholic Church while maintaining the Byzantine Orthodox rite in liturgy and spiritual practice. The uniate Greek Catholic Church in Poland-Lithuania emerged from it. Most of the Orthodox clergy and the Orthodox nobility oppose the union in its intended form. On October 6th, their representatives, including Bishop Gedeon Balaban of Lviv and Bishop Michael Kopystynski of Przemysl , will have their own meeting in Brest . They declare the union to be invalid because it took place without the consent of the Orthodox Patriarchs and an ecumenical council, and they withdraw the recognition of the United Bishops as Orthodox clergy. The two Orthodox bishops are declared deposed by the United Church on October 10th and banned ( anathema ). King Sigismund III deprives them of all spiritual rights.

Historical maps and views

Georg Gadner : Duchy of Württemberg 1596, overview map for his forest maps
Map of South Asia 1596


First half of the year

René Descartes, 1648

Second half of the year

Exact date of birth unknown


Date of death secured

Francis Drake, after 1580

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1596  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files