Calendar overview 1596
|Battle of Mezőkeresztes in the Long Turkish War , the way to Central Europe is open for the Ottomans .|
Sigismund III. Wasa
moves its capital
from Krakow to Warsaw .
navigator Willem Barents
goes in search of
the Northeast Passage .
|1596 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1044/45 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1588/89 (turn of the year 10/11 September)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1001/1002 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2139/40 (southern Buddhism); 2138/39 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||Year of the fire monkey丙申 ( at the beginning of the year wood sheep 乙未)|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||958/959 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3929/30 (2-3 October)|
|Islamic calendar||1004/05 (turn of the year August 24th / 25th)|
|Jewish calendar||5356/57 (September 22-23)|
|Coptic calendar||1312/13 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1906/07 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1907/08 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1652/53 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- June 11th: When the Transylvanian Prince Sigismund Báthory tries to recapture Timisoara, which has been in Ottoman possession since 1552 , the fortress is enclosed on all sides. After 40 days, however, the new siege of Timisoara was abandoned due to insufficient supplies.
- October 12: Sultan Mehmed III. conquered the fortress Eger .
- October 23-26 : The three-day battle at Mezőkeresztes , the last major battle in the Long Turkish War between Austria and the Ottoman Empire , ends with the defeat of the army of Archduke Maximilian of Austria . The way to Germany is now open for the Ottomans, and Vienna is put into defense readiness.
Other events in Europe
- January 12: Charles de Montmorency, duc de Damville is appointed Admiral of France by King Henry IV of France .
- February 7th: After the death of George I , the Landgraviate of Hessen-Darmstadt is ruled by his son Ludwig V together with his younger brothers Philipp and Friedrich .
- King Sigismund III Wasa moves the Polish capital from Krakow to Warsaw .
- Hague peasant uprising
- The cudgel war in Finland begins. The peasant uprising breaks out because the Finnish peasants are still obliged to provide board and lodging to soldiers, despite the Teusina peace concluded between Sweden and Russia last year .
- During the Anglo-Spanish War , Cádiz was conquered as English and Dutch troops under Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex and a large Anglo-Dutch fleet under Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham, with support from the Republic of the United Seven Provinces attack the Spanish city of Cadiz , which is completely unprepared for this attack.
Voyages of discovery
- May 18: Dutchman Willem Barents set out from Amsterdam with two ships to look for a northeastern passage to China .
- June 10: Willem Barents' expedition discovers what they call Bear Island .
- June 4th: Erhard Cellius founds a printing company with an attached bookstore in Tübingen , the forerunner of today's Osiander bookstore .
- November 29th: In Spain , King Philip II orders the suspension of all payments by the Spanish crown and thus a state bankruptcy for the last time in his reign. Others had occurred in 1557 and 1575.
- The shoemaker Hans Mayr is made purveyor to the court of the kings of Saxony.
science and technology
- August 13th: David Fabricius is the first to notice the variability of the star Omikron Ceti in the constellation Whale , which changes its brightness over a period of 331 days , whereby it becomes clearly visible at the maximum, but invisible to the naked eye at the minimum. Because of this strange behavior, he calls the star Mira , the "miraculous".
- Johannes Kepler defends Galileo Galilei in his book Mysterium Cosmographicum .
- The University of Groningen is founded by Ubbo Emmius .
- The Whitgift School south of London is founded.
- Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio paints the picture The Lute Player .
- On the manor Übelngönne that of the lords of will mirror the Desenberg in Renaissance style built water tower completed.
- The Augsburg merchant and art agent Philipp Hainhofer begins on an educational trip through Italy with the collection of entries in the register for his large register .
- May 20: The Archdiocese of Luanda is founded.
- October 6th to 9th: Leading representatives of the Ruthenian Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church in Poland-Lithuania close the Union of Brest at a synod . It includes a connection of the Orthodox eparchies to the structure and canon law of the Catholic Church while maintaining the Byzantine Orthodox rite in liturgy and spiritual practice. The uniate Greek Catholic Church in Poland-Lithuania emerged from it. Most of the Orthodox clergy and the Orthodox nobility oppose the union in its intended form. On October 6th, their representatives, including Bishop Gedeon Balaban of Lviv and Bishop Michael Kopystynski of Przemysl , will have their own meeting in Brest . They declare the union to be invalid because it took place without the consent of the Orthodox Patriarchs and an ecumenical council, and they withdraw the recognition of the United Bishops as Orthodox clergy. The two Orthodox bishops are declared deposed by the United Church on October 10th and banned ( anathema ). King Sigismund III deprives them of all spiritual rights.
Historical maps and views
First half of the year
- January 13: Jan van Goyen , Dutch painter († 1656)
- February 2: Johann Adlzreiter von Tettenweis , German lawyer and politician († 1662)
- February 2: Jacob van Campen , Dutch painter and builder († 1657)
- March 1: Friedrich von Sachsen-Weimar , colonel in the Thirty Years War († 1622)
- March 16: Ebba Brahe , Swedish lady-in-waiting († 1674)
- March 31: René Descartes , French philosopher and mathematician († 1650)
- April 8: Juan van der Hamen y León , Spanish painter († 1631)
- May 9: Abraham van Diepenbeeck , Dutch glass painter († 1675)
- June 20: Johann Ludwig I , Count of Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein († 1567)
- June 22nd: Jacob Lossius , German Lutheran theologian († 1663)
- June 24th: Johannes Arnoldi , German Jesuit priest and martyr († 1631)
- June 29: Go-Mizunoo , 108th Emperor of Japan († 1680)
Second half of the year
- July 1: Bertuccio Valier , 102nd Doge of Venice († 1658)
- July 3: Johan Banér , Swedish field marshal († 1641)
- July 22nd: Michael I , Tsar of Russia († 1645)
- August 3: Joachim Carstens , German lawyer and syndic of the Hanseatic City of Lübeck († 1673)
- August 18: Hans XIV. Von Rochow , German landlord and company commander of the first standing army of the Mark Brandenburg († 1660)
- August 19: Elisabeth Stuart , titular queen of Bohemia († 1662)
- August 26: Friedrich V , Elector Palatinate († 1632)
- September 1: Arnold Mengering , German Lutheran theologian († 1647)
- September 3: Nicola Amati , Italian violin maker († 1684)
- September 4: Constantijn Huygens , poet and composer from the Netherlands († 1687)
- September 13: Franz von Hatzfeld , Prince-Bishop of Würzburg and Bamberg († 1642)
- September 16: Johann Maximilian to the boy , politician and scholar in Frankfurt am Main († 1649)
- November 1: Pietro da Cortona , Roman builder and painter († 1669)
- November 9: Andreas Virginius , Baltic German theologian and Lutheran bishop of Estonia († 1664)
- December 7th: Johann Kasimir , Prince of Anhalt-Dessau († 1660)
- December 9: Mathias Gastritz , German organist and composer († around 1635)
- December 21: Thomas Franz von Savoyen , Prince of Carignan and Count of Soissons († 1656)
Exact date of birth unknown
- Joan Blaeu , Dutch cartographer and engraver († 1673)
- Vinko Jelić , Croatian composer († 1636)
- Johann Rudolf Stucki , Swiss Protestant clergyman and university professor († 1660),
Date of death secured
- January 28th: Francis Drake , English privateer and admiral (* 1540)
- February 7th: Georg I, the Pious , Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (* 1547)
- March 27th: Friedrich IV. , Duke of Liegnitz (* 1552)
- March 31: Francesco Ciceri , Italian humanist and university professor (* 1521)
- April 3: Koca Sinan Pascha , Ottoman general and politician (* 1512)
- April 11th: Ludolf X. von Alvensleben , German statesman (* 1511)
- May 12: Johann Philipp von Hohensax , Swiss nobleman (* 1550)
- July 19: Francis Knollys , English minister (* 1514)
- July 23: Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon , English nobleman (* 1526)
- August 8: Leonhard Thurneysser , Basel goldsmith, metallurgist, metallurgical engineer and scholar (* 1531)
- September 9: Anna Jagiellonica , King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (* 1523)
- September 11th: Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser , Dutch navigator (* 1540)
- September 15: Leonhard Rauwolf , German naturalist, botanist, doctor and explorer (* 1535)
- September 29: Margaret Clifford, Countess of Derby , English noblewoman (* 1540)
- October 18: Hermann tom Ring , German painter (* 1521)
- November 24th: Adam II , Colonel Chancellor of Bohemia and Prague Castle Count (* 1546)
Exact date of death unknown
- Maurice Bouguereau , French printer, bookseller, cartographer and publisher
- Katarina Hansdotter , mistress of the Swedish King Johann III. (* 1539)
- Hattori Hanzō , Japanese samurai and ninja (* 1541)
- The tall Anton from Braunschweig, the tallest person of his time with a height of 2.44 m
- Anna Wecker , German poet