Calendar overview 1606
Stephan Bocskai ,
prince in Transylvania ,
is believed to be poisoned.
The fake Dimitri
by Vasily Shuisky in a nobility revolt .
James I./IV. introduces the Union Jack by decree in England and Scotland .
|1606 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1050/51 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1598/99 (September 10-11)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1011/12 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2149/50 (southern Buddhism); 2148/2149 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||71st (72nd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||968/969 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3939/40 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||1014/15 (turn of the year 8/9 May)|
|Jewish calendar||5366/67 (October 1-2)|
|Coptic calendar||1322/23 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1916/17 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1917/18 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1662/63 (April)|
Politics and world events
England / Scotland
- April 12th : After England and Scotland in 1603 by James I./VI. have been united in personal union, the Union Jack is used for the first time by royal decree .
Eighty Years War
- 3rd to 14th August : The siege of Groenlo by Spanish troops under Ambrosio Spinola in the Eighty Years War ends with the conquest of the city . The attempt to recapture a few months later by Moritz von Oranien fails due to inadequate preparation.
- April 25 : Protestants disrupt the Catholic St. Mark's procession during the cross and flag battle in Donauwörth . The incident ends in a fight.
- June 23 : The Peace of Vienna ends a months-long uprising against the Habsburgs in Upper Hungary . Archduke Matthias of Austria recognizes the leader Stephan Bocskai as Prince of Transylvania and grants religious freedom to Calvinists and Lutherans in Upper Hungary .
- November 11th : The Peace of Zsitvatorok ends the Long Turkish War of the Habsburgs under Rudolf II with the Ottoman Empire , which began with the Battle of Sissek in 1593.
- Elector Friedrich IV of the Palatinate fortified the city of Mannheim and built the Friedrichsburg fortress.
- May 8 : Tsar Pseudodimitri I marries in the Assumption Cathedral , the daughter of the Polish magnate Marina Mniszech , triggering a wave of anti-Latin protests among Moscow boyars.
- May 17th : The fake Dimitri , who is alleged to have become the son of Ivan IV as the Russian tsar , is murdered by revolting nobles. Vasily IV is proclaimed his successor by his party friends on May 19 and crowned tsar on June 1, 1606. With Swedish help, he managed to hold the throne until 1610, before he could be overthrown at the instigation of Poland.
- October 28th to December 2nd : Siege of Moscow for five weeks. After the assassination of the fake Dimitris, an opposition movement against the new boyar tzar Vasily IV formed among his former supporters in the southern regions , which expanded into a social protest movement. Their leader Ivan Isajewitsch Bolotnikow gathers rebellious peasants and servants around him and in July 1606 sets out from Putywl to march on Moscow. After the defeat at Kotly and the storming of Kolomenskoye to Kaluga , the rebels finally left .
Voyages of discovery
- February 10 : On his journey across the Pacific , the Portuguese navigator Pedro Fernández de Quirós comes across an inhabited island that he calls Conversion de San Pablo. It might be Tahiti . On May 3rd he reached the New Hebrides . He calls a particularly large island La Austrialia del Espíritu Santo in the belief that he has reached the legendary southern continent of Terra Australis .
- February or March: The continent of Australia is sighted for the first time by the Dutchman Willem Jansz and entered on the Cape York Peninsula .
- The oil painting Venetian harbor scene on whale shoulder blade is created.
Music and theater
- December 26 : William Shakespeare's tragedy The Tragedy of King Lear ( King Lear ) is listed at the English court.
- The Ottoneum in Kassel is the first permanent and closed theater building on the European continent to be completed.
- Thomas Middleton writes The Puritan and William Shakespeare Antony and Cleopatra and Macbeth .
- Vido de Trasuntino builds the Clavemusicum omnitonum in Venice .
- In France, the Society of St. Ursula is founded by Anne de Xainctonge , which is mainly dedicated to teaching girls in school.
- November 20 : King James I of England sends a letter to the executives of the Virginia Company of London to forcibly convert the Native Americans to Anglicanism .
Historical maps and views
First half of the year
- January 1 : Siegmund Wiprecht von Zerbst , German court official and politician († 1682 )
- January 3 : Daniel von Plessen , German administrative officer († 1672 )
- February 9 : Franz Ico von Frydag , German officer and diplomat († 1652 )
- February 23 : Georg Friedrich , Count or Prince of Nassau-Siegen († 1674 )
- March 3 : Edmund Waller , English poet and politician († 1687 )
- March 5 : Johann Georg Reinhard , German lawyer and administrative officer († 1672 )
- March 12th : Johann Caspar Bauhin , Swiss doctor and botanist († 1685 )
- March 18 : Johann von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf , Prince-Bishop of Lübeck († 1655 )
- March 20 : Georg von Derfflinger , Brandenburg General Field Marshal († 1695 )
- May 12 : Joachim von Sandrart , German painter, engraver and art historian († 1688 )
- May 14 : Agnes von Hessen-Kassel , Princess of Anhalt-Dessau († 1650 )
- June 6 : Pierre Corneille , French writer († 1684 )
- June 7th : Francesco Gonzaga , Duke of Rethel († 1622 )
- June 19 : James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton , English nobleman and military leader († 1649 )
Second half of the year
- July 6th : Justus Henricus Heidfeldt , Reformed theologian and philologist, teacher at the Count's court in Dillenburg († 1667 )
- July 15 : Rembrandt van Rijn , Dutch painter († 1669 )
- August 8 : Achatius von Quitzow , member of the Fruitful Society († 1653 )
- September 18 : Niccolò Sagredo , 105th Doge of Venice († 1676 )
- October 12 : Christoph Bernhard von Galen , Prince-Bishop of Münster († 1678 )
- October 14 : Joan Maetsuycker , Governor General of the Dutch East Indies († 1678 )
- November 9 : Hermann Conring , polyhistor, personal physician Christina von Sweden, Danish State Councilor and head of the Bremen-Verdean archive in Stade († 1681 )
- November 9 : Christoph Althofer , German Lutheran theologian († 1660 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- February: William Davenant , English writer and theater director († 1668 )
- Frang Bardhi , Bishop of the Diocese of Sapa and Sardis († 1643 )
- Jan Davidsz. de Heem , Dutch painter († 1683 / 1684 )
First half of the year
- January 11th : Arnold II. (IV.) , Count of Bentheim-Tecklenburg (* 1554 )
- January 17th : Heinrich IV. , Count of Sayn-Sayn (* 1539 )
- January 20 : Sibylle Elisabeth of Württemberg , Duchess of Saxony (* 1584 )
- January 30th : Benedikt von Ahlefeldt , lord of the noble estate Lehmkuhlen (* 1546 )
- February 1 : Guillaume Costeley , French organist and composer (* around 1531 )
- February 10 : Gaspar de Zúñiga y Acevedo , Spanish officer, viceroy of New Spain and viceroy of Peru (* around 1560 )
- March 2 : Martin Moller , German mystic, writer of edification and hymn poet (* 1547 )
- March 6th : Zbynko Berka von Duba and Leipa , Archbishop of Prague (* 1551 )
- March 7th : Bogislaw XIII. , Duke of Pomerania (* 1544 )
- March 10 : Jacob , Emperor of Ethiopia (* before / around 1590 )
- March 15 : Balthasar von Dernbach , prince abbot of Fulda (* 1548 )
- March 23 : Justus Lipsius , Flemish legal philosopher and philologist (* 1547 )
- April 2 : Jakob Lindner , German educator (* 1544 )
- April 3 : Charles Blount, 1st Earl of Devonshire , English statesman and Viceroy of Ireland (* 1563 )
- April 8 : Charles II , Count of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (* 1547 )
- May 3 : Henry Garnet , English Jesuit (* 1555 )
- May 18 : Wolfgang Amling , German theologian (* 1542 )
- May 26 : Diego Núñez de Avendaño , Spanish lawyer and viceroy of Peru (* before 1580)
- May 27 : the fake Dimitri , Tsar of Russia, according to his opponents in reality Yuri Otrepjew
- May 30th : Arjan Dev , fifth guru of the Sikhs (* 1563 )
Second half of the year
- July 2nd : Matthäus Ackermann , Electoral Saxon civil servant (* 1544 )
- July 7th : Christoph , owner of the Harburg estate (* 1570 )
- September 9 : Leonhard Lechner , Tyrolean composer (* around 1553 )
- September 11 : Karel van Mander , Flemish poet, writer, painter and draftsman (* 1548 )
- September 27 : William Douglas, 6th Earl of Morton , Scottish peer (* around 1540 )
- November 15 : Erasmus Habermehl , German clockmaker and manufacturer of astronomical and geodetic instruments (* around 1538 )
- November 24th : Johann von Efferen , lord of the castle of Stolberg
- December 29 : Stephan Bocskai , reformed prince in Transylvania (* 1557 )
- December 30th : Heinrich Bünting , German Protestant theologian and chronicler (* 1545 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Jacques d'Amboise , French surgeon (* 1559 )
- Tiziano Aspetti , Italian sculptor (* around 1559 )
- Giovanni Andrea Doria , Genoese admiral, commander in chief of the Genoese fleet in the Spanish service (* 1539 )
- Leonhard Lechner , church musician in Württemberg (* before 1553)
- Jacob Ramminger , Württemberg scribe, designer of mathematical-astronomical instruments and cartographer (* 1535 )