Agnes of Hessen-Kassel

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Agnes von Hessen-Kassel (born May 14, 1606 in Kassel ; † May 28, 1650 in Dessau ) was a princess of Hessen-Kassel and by marriage Princess of Anhalt-Dessau .


Agnes was a daughter of Landgrave Moritz von Hessen-Kassel (1572–1632) from his marriage to Juliane (1587–1643), daughter of Count Johann von Nassau-Dillenburg . Trained with her siblings, Agnes spoke six languages ​​and composed music.

On May 18, 1623 she married Prince Johann Kasimir von Anhalt-Dessau (1596–1660) in Dessau . Agnes managed to alleviate the plight of the country in the Thirty Years' War through verbal and written negotiations with generals . The princess was considered a clever economist and mathematician. In 1645 she built a “ permanent house ” in Nischwitz , from which Oranienbaum Castle later emerged.


From their marriage, Agnes had the following children:

  • Moritz (1624-1624)
  • Dorothea (1625-1626)
  • Juliane (1626-1652)
  • Johann Georg II. (1627–1693), Prince of Anhalt-Dessau (1660–1693)
⚭ 1659 Princess Henriette Katharina of Nassau-Orange (1637–1708)
⚭ 1648 Duke Christian of Silesia in Liegnitz (1618–1672)
  • Agnes (1644-1644)


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