Calendar overview 1608
|Hans Lipperhey invents the Dutch telescope .||John Smith explores the Chesapeake Bay .|
found the Protestant Union .
|1608 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1056/57 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1600/01 (September 10-11)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1013/14 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2151/52 (southern Buddhism); 2150/51 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||71st (72nd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||970/971 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3941/42 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||1016/17 (turn of the year April 16/17)|
|Jewish calendar||5368/69 (September 10-11)|
|Coptic calendar||1324/25 (10/11 September)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1918/19 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1919/20 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1664/65 (April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- January 29th : After the death of Friedrich I , his eldest son Johann Friedrich becomes Duke of Württemberg and Count of Mömpelgard .
- April 27th : The Reichstag in Regensburg ends after disputes over the cross and flag battle of the previous year and the subsequent illegal recatholization of the Free Imperial City of Donauwörth without a Reich goodbye . This paralyzes the last organ of the Holy Roman Empire , a major cause of the Thirty Years' War .
- At the beginning of May, Margrave Joachim Ernst from Ansbach invites the Protestant princes of southern Germany to consultations in Auhausen near Nördlingen . The conference begins on May 12th and lasts five days.
- May 14 : Eight Protestant imperial princes and 17 Protestant cities found the Protestant Union . The pact, which is temporarily limited to ten years, is formulated as a purely defensive alliance. In the same year, more members join the union.
- June 25 : After an uprising organized by Matthias von Habsburg, his brother Rudolf II , Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, has to sign the Peace of Love . Matthias becomes King of Hungary , Archduke of Austria and Margrave of Moravia . Rudolf only remains in Bohemia , where Matthias is installed as his successor, as well as the margraviate Lausitz and the duchy of Silesia .
- July 18 : The deceased Joachim Friedrich is succeeded by his son Johann Sigismund as Margrave of Brandenburg .
Eighty Years War
- November 8th : A battle between Spanish and Dutch troops in the Eighty Years' War takes place near Wardt .
- March 7th : Gabriel Báthory , with the support of the Heiducken, forces Sigismund I. Rákóczi, who has been ruling since the previous year, to abdicate and takes control of Transylvania himself . Sigismund I. Rákóczi dies that same year on December 5th .
- June 1 : The Time of Troubles in Russia experienced another highlight: The troops of the False Dmitry II. , Resulting in the two-day Battle of Bolkhov (10-11 May.) On the upper reaches of the Oka have released fought their way and Kozelsk , Kaluga , Moshaisk and Zvenigorod have moved on, appear before Moscow . Tušino is chosen as the headquarters and residence , where the false Dimtri unfolds a magnificent court and forms a government against Vasily Shuiski .
North American colonies
- The French Samuel de Champlain founds the New France colony .
- Captain John Smith , known to most from the Pocahontas legend, is the first white man to explore Chesapeake Bay .
- The first English Powhatan War broke out between English settlers in Jamestown , Virginia and the Powhatan tribe .
science and technology
- October 2nd : In the Republic of the Seven United Provinces , glasses maker Hans Lipperhey presents the first telescope to the Zeeland Council .
Culture and society
- June 17th : The Vogelstaken is first mentioned in a document in Lohne in 1608. Thus June 17, 1608 is considered to be the founding day of the Lohne shooting club .
Architecture and fine arts
Michelangelo Caravaggio : The Beheading of John the Baptist , painting 1608
Pieter Brueghel the Younger : Rural Scene
Izaak van den Blocke : Allegory of the Danzig Trade
Music and theater
- May 28th : The opera L'Arianna by Claudio Monteverdi has its world premiere in Mantua on the occasion of the wedding celebrations of Prince Francesco de Gonzaga with Margherita of Savoy . The libretto is by Ottavio Rinuccini . It is based on the Greek legend about Ariadne and Theseus. From the Opera House, which is now lost, that's only lament received.
Date of birth saved
- January 28 : Giovanni Alfonso Borelli , Italian physicist and astronomer († 1679 )
- February 5 : Caspar Schott , German scientist († 1666 )
- April 5 : Zacharias Lund , German poet and classical philologist († 1667 )
- April 7th : Johann Brunnemann , was a German lawyer († 1672 )
- April 18 : Daniel Colonius the Younger , Dutch legal scholar († 1672 )
- April 25 : Gaston de Bourbon , from 1626 Duke of Orléans († 1660 )
- July 13 : Ferdinand III. von Habsburg , German Emperor († 1657 )
- July 26 : Christian Lorentz von Adlershelm , German politician († 1684 )
- August 15 : Henry Howard, 22nd Earl of Arundel , English nobleman († 1652 )
- September 15 : Johann Caspar Unrath , German legal scholar († 1650 )
- October 15 : Evangelista Torricelli , Italian physicist and mathematician († 1647 )
- November 29 : Christoph Matthäus , German rhetorician, historian and physician in the Netherlands († 1647 )
- December 9 : John Milton , English poet († 1674 )
- December 12th : Johann Bartholomäus Krüger , German medic († 1638 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Bartolomeo Avanzini , Italian architect († 1658 )
- Egbert Jans van Leeuwarden , Dutch watchmaker († 1674 )
- Ambrosius Regondi , Italian stonemason and sculptor († 1681 )
- August: Men-Fort Gabriel , Swiss clergyman († 1672 )
Date of death secured
- February 3 : Pantaleon Candidus , Reformed theologian, historian and author (* 1540 )
- February 27 : Henri de Bourbon , Duke of Montpensier (* 1573 )
- April 19 : Thomas Sackville, 1st Earl of Dorset , English statesman, playwright and poet (* 1536 )
- April 29th : Maria Anna of Bavaria , Archduchess of Inner Austria-Styria (* 1551)
- May 14 : Charles III. , Duke of Lorraine (* 1543 )
- June 1 : Marie Eleonore von Jülich-Kleve-Berg , Duchess of Prussia (* 1550 )
- June 6 : Bernardo Buontalenti , Italian painter, architect and theater machinist (* 1531 )
- June 19 : Johannes Pistorius the Younger (Niddanus), German doctor, historian, Catholic theologian and politician (* 1546 )
- July 9 : Lucas Bacmeister the Elder , Lutheran theologian and hymn composer (* 1530 )
- July 12th : Margarethe von Dietz , daughter of Landgrave Philip I of Hesse (* 1544 )
- July 18 : Marquard von Ahlefeldt , Lord of Gut Haselau and Kaden (* 1571 )
- July 18 : Joachim Friedrich , Elector of Brandenburg from 1598 to 1608 (* 1546 )
- July 21 : Johannes Angelus , German theologian (* 1542 )
- July 26 : Pablo de Céspedes , Spanish painter, sculptor, architect and writer (* 1538 )
- August 13 : Giovanni da Bologna , Flemish-Italian sculptor (* 1529 )
- September 2 : Jerónimo Xavierre , Spanish Dominican and cardinal (* 1546 )
- 28 September : Henri de Joyeuse , French Capuchin and military leader in the Wars of Religion, Marshal of France (* 1563 )
- October 9 : Pompeo Leoni , Italian sculptor, medalist and art collector (* 1530 or 1533 )
- October 19 : Martin Anton Delrio , Flemish Jesuit and witch theorist (* 1551 )
- October 19 : Geoffrey Fenton , English statesman (* around 1539 )
- October 26 : Valentin Forster , German lawyer (* 1530 )
- October 26 : Philipp Nicolai , Lutheran court preacher and pastor in Alt Wildungen, Unna, Hamburg, Herdecke and song writer (* 1556 )
- November 10th : Andrea Lancelotto Avellino , Italian religious priest and Catholic saint (* 1521 )
- November 14 : Bartolomé Carducho , Italian painter (* around 1560 )
- December 5 : Sigismund I. Rákóczi , Prince of Transylvania (* 1544 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Francesco Curia , Neapolitan painter (* after 1550 )
- Bess of Hardwick , English noblewoman (* 1527 )