Calendar overview 1684
first siege of Ofen by the Holy League
in the Great Turkish War has to be called off without result.
|Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz publishes differential calculus for the first time .||Giovanni Domenico Cassini discovers two moons of Saturn .|
|1684 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1132/33 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1676/77 (turn of the year 10/11 September)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1089/90 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2227/28 (southern Buddhism); 2226/27 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||72./73. (73./74.) Cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1046/47 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||4017/18 (October 2-3)|
|Islamic calendar||1095/96 (turn of the year December 7th / 8th)|
|Jewish calendar||5444/45 (September 8/9)|
|Coptic calendar||1400/01 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1994/95 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1995/96 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1740/41 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Great Turkish War
- March 5th : Through the mediation of Pope Innocent XI. the Holy League is founded between the Holy Roman Empire , Poland-Lithuania and Venice as a fighting alliance against the Ottomans .
- From June 27th : Great Turkish War : The first siege of Ofen has to be aborted without result on October 30th , after a Turkish relief army appeared in front of the city.
- April 27 to June 7 : The siege of Luxembourg ends with the capture and annexation of the city by French troops under Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban , after another army under François de Créquy succeeded in cutting off Luxembourg from the main Spanish army. This has achieved one of the main goals because of which Louis XIV began the war of reunions last year.
- After Luxembourg was conquered, the French march on Trier , take the city and destroy the fortifications. Then they move into Kurköln with the approval of the Elector of Cologne .
- August 15 : In the Regensburg armistice to end the War of Reunion , Emperor Leopold I and the empire agree a ceasefire on the western border with France's King Louis XIV . France will cede the territory of the empire that it has annexed in reunions for a period of 20 years.
- October 7 : The Japanese politician Hotta Masatoshi is killed in an attack. With this, neoconfucianism in Japan loses its most important supporter.
- The city of Aigun is re-established by the Qing Emperor Kangxi .
- The English East India Company establishes the Bengal Presidency .
science and technology
- March 21 : The astronomer Giovanni Domenico Cassini discovers two moons on the planet Saturn , Tethys and Dione .
- In October Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz 's Nova Methodus Pro Maximis & minimis, itemque tangentibus qua nec fractas nec irrationales quantitates moratur, & singulare pro illis calculigenus, by GGL (new method of maxima, minima and tangents that are neither broken nor broken comes across irrational quantities, and a peculiar type of calculation related to it) in the journal acta eruditorum and thus published the differential calculus for the first time .
nature and environment
- The winter of 1684/85 is very cold all over Europe.
- Seegfrörne : Lake Constance is completely frozen over.
First half of the year
- January 1 : Arnold Drakenborch , Dutch classical scholar († 1748 )
- January 14 : Johann Matthias Hase , German mathematician, astronomer, cartographer and historical geographer († 1742 )
- January 14th : Jean-Baptiste van Loo , French painter († 1745 )
- January 18 : Martin Knobloch , German educator and Protestant theologian († 1759 )
- January 18 : Johann David Köhler ; German historian, numismatist and heraldist († 1755 )
- January 24 : Karl Alexander , Duke of Württemberg († 1737 )
- February 3 : Giovanni Biagio Amico , Italian architect († 1754 )
- February 7 : Georg Jakob Schwindel , German Protestant theologian and historian († 1752 )
- February 16 : Bohuslav Matej Černohorský , Bohemian composer († 1742 )
- February 25 : Matthias Bernhard Braun , Bohemian sculptor († 1738 )
- March 10 : Christoph Starke , German Protestant theologian († 1744 )
- March 10 : Adam Otto von Viereck , Prussian Minister of State and Privy Budget Councilor († 1758 )
- March 19 : Jean Astruc , French doctor, professor of medicine, natural scientist and founder of the modern biblical criticism of the Pentateuch († 1766 )
- March 26 : Johann Graf , German composer († 1750 )
- March 26 : Paul Friedrich Opitz , German theologian and orientalist († 1747 )
- March 31 : Francesco Durante , Italian composer († 1755 )
- April 15 : Catherine I , Empress of Russia († 1727 )
- April 25 : Marco Benefial , Roman painter († 1764 )
- May 12 : Philipp Otto von Grumbkow , Prussian statesman († 1752 )
- May 27 : Wilhelm Reinhard Graf von Neipperg , son of the Imperial Field Marshal Baron Eberhard Friedrich von Neipperg († 1774 )
- May 31 : Georg Engelhard Schröder , Swedish portrait and history painter († 1750 )
- June 18 : Balthasar König , German organ builder († 1756 )
- June 26th : Johann Josef von Waldstein , Czech nobleman and patron († 1731 )
Second half of the year
- July 25 : Balthasar von Ahlefeldt , lord of the noble estates of Lindau and Neudorf as well as lieutenant general and commander of Glückstadt († 1752 )
- August 2 : Sophia von Sachsen-Weißenfels , Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth and Imperial Countess von Hoditz and Wolframitz († 1752 )
- September 18 : Johann Gottfried Walther , German organist, conductor, composer and musicologist († 1748 )
- October 3 : Johann Theodor Roemhildt , German baroque composer († 1756 )
- October 10 : Antoine Watteau , French painter († 1721 )
- October 14 : Israel Traugott Garmann , Saxon theologian, Evangelical Lutheran clergyman and pastor († 1746 )
- October 20 : Maria Barbara Bach , wife of Johann Sebastian Bach († 1720 )
- October 26 : Kurt Christoph Graf von Schwerin , Prussian Field Marshal General († 1757 )
- November 12 : Edward Vernon , Vice Admiral of the Royal Navy and Member of the British Parliament († 1757 )
- December 9 : Abraham Vater , German physician and philosopher († 1751 )
- December 13 : Ludvig Holberg , Danish-Norwegian poet († 1754 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- François d'Agincour , French harpsichordist, organist and composer († 1758 )
- Elizabeth Hanson , New England Quaker, best known for her captivity narrative about her captivity with the Indians († 1737 )
- Tekle Haymanot I , Negus of Ethiopia († 1708 )
- Jean Marteilhe , French galley slave and evangelical witness († 1777 )
First half of the year
- January 11 : Cornelis Speelman , Governor General of the Dutch East Indies (* 1628 )
- January 13 : Henry Howard, 6th Duke of Norfolk , English nobleman (* 1628 )
- January 14 : Alvise Contarini , 106th Doge of Venice (* 1601 )
- January 23 : Jan Wijnants , Dutch painter (* around 1632 )
- February 7th : Christian Lorentz von Adlershelm , German politician (* 1608 )
- February 20 : Ignace Ardieux , Swiss missionary (* around 1650 )
- February 25th : Andreas Hofer , composer, conductor and choir director (* 1629 )
- April 8 : Payo Enríquez de Rivera , Spanish bishop of the Catholic Church and viceroy of New Spain (* 1613 or 1622 )
- April 18 : Gonzales Coques , Flemish painter (* 1614 or 1618 )
- April 24 : Rudolf Capell , German pedagogue, historian and philologist (* 1635 )
- April 24 : Johannes Olearius II , Protestant theologian, lecturer in Wittenberg and superintendent in Querfurt (* 1611 )
Second half of the year
- July 6 : Anna Gonzaga , French nobleman, opponent of Jules Mazarin (* 1616 )
- July 26 : Elena Lucrezia Cornaro Piscopia , Italian philosopher and scholar, was the first woman to receive a doctorate (* 1646 )
- August 12 : Nicola Amati , Italian violin maker (* 1596 )
- August 19 : Christian Richter , German architect and builder (* around 1625 )
- September 4 : Rasmus Vinding , Danish professor (* 1615 )
- 9 September : Johann Caspar von Ampringen , Grand Master of the Teutonic Order, Governor of Silesia and Duke of Freudenthal (* 1619 )
- September 10 : David Clodius , German orientalist and Protestant theologian (* 1644 )
- September 12 : Johann Rosenmüller , German composer (* 1619 )
- October 1 : Pierre Corneille , French playwright (* 1606 )
- October 22 : Carlo Lurago , Italian architect and builder (* 1615 )
- October 24 : Maria Elisabeth of Saxony , Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp (* 1610 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Isidoro Affaitati , Italian military engineer and architect (* 1622 )
- Jakob Bölsche : German composer and organist
- Pieter de Hooch , Dutch painter (* 1629 )
- Thomas Lynch , Governor of Jamaica