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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

Carl Edzard
Carl Edzard , last prince
of East Frisia , dies.
Loss of the Victory, Peter Monamy, 18th century
The British sailing ship Victory sinks with a crew of 1,150.
Prague Castle over the Vltava
Frederick the Great conquered Prague in the War of the Austrian Succession .
1744 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1192/93 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1736/37 (September 10-11)
Bengali solar calendar 1149/50 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2287/88 (southern Buddhism); 2286/87 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 73/74 (74./75.) Cycle

Year of the Wood Rat甲子 ( at the beginning of the year Water Pig 癸亥)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1106/07 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4077/78 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1122/23 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1156/57 (turn of the year 14/15 February)
Jewish calendar 5504/05 (September 6-7)
Coptic calendar 1460/61 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 919/920
Seleucid era Babylon: 2054/55 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2055/56 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1800/01 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

War of the Austrian Succession / Second Silesian War

Battle illustration from 1796


American colonies


Sotheby's office on New Bond Street, London



First edition of
the contributions from Bremen

Music and theater


Sophie von Anhalt-Zerbst
Hamburger leaflet of 1744 about the upcoming show Tour rhinoceros Clara , the representation of the animal is at Dürer woodblock oriented


  • Pope Benedict XIV promulgates the papal bull Omnium solicitudinum . In the bull, which follows directly from the previous bull Ex quo singulari , he summarizes all missionary activities performed so far and underlines their importance. At the same time he calls the missionaries, primarily the Jesuits, to obedience.


nature and environment

The Great Comet on February 16, 1744 over Nuremberg



January to May

June to August

Johann Gottfried Herder, 1785

September to December

Friedrich Wilhelm II., 1792

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Different Celsius

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1744  - Collection of Pictures, Videos and Audio Files