Heinrich Christian Boie

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Heinrich Christian Boie
Signature Heinrich Christian Boie.PNG

Heinrich Christian Boie (born July 19, 1744 in Meldorf ; † February 25, 1806 there ) was a German poet and editor.


The Boje family was one of the so-called pretty families in the 18th and 19th centuries .

Boie was the son of the Meldorfer preacher and later provost of Flensburg Johann Friedrich Boie. He studied law at the University of Jena from 1764–1767 , and from 1769 in Göttingen . There, together with Friedrich Wilhelm Gotter, he founded the literary collection of Göttingen Musenalmanach , of which he was the sole editor from 1770; In 1774 he resigned from the editorial office. Boie succeeded in opening the almanac increasingly to the modern literature of his time. In particular, the almanac for 1774 became the forum for the new generation of writers. The authors included Goethe, Hölty and Bürger. In the course of this, the Musenalmanach became a popular form of publication in the German-speaking world. Boie's collection is the cornerstone of the German almanac culture that lasted until early Romanticism. In 1776 Boie went to Hanover as a staff secretary. From 1781 he held the office of governor in Süder- Dithmarschen . Since then he has lived again in Meldorf, where he befriended the Arabian researcher Carsten Niebuhr .

On September 12, 1772, Johann Heinrich Voss , Johann Martin Miller , his cousin GD Miller, Ludwig Christoph Heinrich Hölty , Johann Friedrich Hahn and Johann Thomas Ludwig Wehrs founded the so-called Göttinger Hainbund . Boie had gathered these poets and young men around him as a mentor. His almanac, which appeared annually, became the mouthpiece of the Hainbund.

Silhouette from 1782

From 1776 to 1788 Boie was the publisher of the Deutsches Museum , initially together with Christian Wilhelm von Dohm and later alone, and from 1789 to 1791 the continuation of this series, the Neues Deutsches Museum . The varied and extensive monthly published, among other things, literary, philosophical and political treatises. Herder, Goethe and Klopstock were among the contributors. The "Deutsches Museum" became an important organ in the history of the German magazine industry. Boie translated R. Chandler's travels in Asia Minor and Greece from English.

Boie's sister Ernestine married the poet and Hainbund founder Johann Heinrich Voss in 1777 , whom she had met in previous years through the contacts of her brother.

Boie himself married Luise Mejer in June 1785 , with whom he had a long friendship (letters), but who died only a year later with the birth of the first child. His second wife was Sarah von Hugo in 1788 , with whom he had several children (including twins). The son Heinrich Boie died on Java of a tropical disease, the older brother Friedrich became a lawyer and ornithologist.

In Göttingen, Boie lived at Barfüßerstraße 16 from 1769–1776; there is a memorial plaque on the house today .


  • Karl Weinhold : Heinrich Christian Boie. Contribution to the history of German literature in the eighteenth century. Verlag der Buchhandlung des Waisenhauses, Halle 1868. MDZ Reader
  • Karl Weinhold:  Boie, Heinrich Christian . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 3, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1876, p. 85.
  • Adalbert Elschenbroich:  Boie, Heinrich Christian. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 2, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1955, ISBN 3-428-00183-4 , p. 423 f. ( Digitized version ).
  • Vossian house idyll. Letters from Ernestine Voss to Heinrich Christian and Sara Boie (1794-1820) . Edited by Ludwig Bäte. Schünemann, Bremen 1925.
  • Ilse Schreiber (Ed.): "I was probably wise that I found you". Heinrich Christian Boie's correspondence with Luise Mejer 1777–85. Reprint of the 2nd, revised and expanded edition 1963. Beck, Munich 1975, ISBN 3-406-05403-X . See also: Edition 1963 by Biederstein Verlag, Munich 1963 ( limited preview in Google book search).
  • Walter Richter: The Esperance and ZN medals. In: then and now. 1974 yearbook of the Association for Corporate Student History Research, pp. 30–54.
  • Heinrich Christian Boie. Literary man and governor, 1744–1806 . Edited by Wolf D. Könenkamp on behalf of the Association for Dithmarsch Regional Studies. Boyens, Heide 1995.
  • Urs Schmidt-Tollgreve: Heinrich Christian Boie. Life and work. Husum Verlag, Husum 2004, ISBN 978-3-89876-143-7 .
  • “… Hell suffer forever in this heaven.” Anton Matthias Sprickmann - Heinrich Christian Boie. Correspondence 1775–1782 (= publications of the literature commission for Westphalia. Volume 30). Edited and commented by Jochen Grywatsch . Aisthesis, Bielefeld 2008, ISBN 978-3-89528-691-9 .
  • Dieter Lohmeier, Urs Schmidt-Tollgreve, Frank Trende (eds.): Heinrich Christian Boie - literary mediator in the time of Goethe. Heath 2008.
  • Regina Nörtemann , Johanna Egger (eds.): Heinrich Christian Boie, Luise Justine Mejer. Correspondence 1776–1786. Wallstein, Göttingen 2016, ISBN 978-3-8353-1803-8 .

Web links

Commons : Heinrich Christian Boie  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Heinrich Christian Boie  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. Klaus Mlynek : Pretty families. In: Klaus Mlynek, Waldemar R. Röhrbein (eds.) U. a .: City Lexicon Hanover . From the beginning to the present. Schlütersche, Hannover 2009, ISBN 978-3-89993-662-9 , p. 310.
  2. Johann Friedrich Boie served Johann Heinrich Voss as a model for the pastor in his Idylle Luise
  3. http://stadtarchiv.goettingen.de/texte/gedenkafeln_b.htm
  4. Archive link ( Memento of the original from September 29, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / stadtarchiv.goettingen.de