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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

The Palais Thurn und Taxis in Frankfurt, seat of the Bundestag 1815–1866
The Federal Assembly in Frankfurt am Main opens.
Original script of "Frankenstein" by Mary Shelley
Mary Shelley writes the novel Frankenstein or The Modern Prometeus .
King John VI  from Portugal and Brazil
Johann VI. becomes king
of Portugal and Brazil .
1816 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1264/65 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1808/09 (September 10/11)
Bengali solar calendar 1221/22 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2359/60 (southern Buddhism); 2358/59 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 75th (76th) cycle

Year of the Fire Rat丙子 ( at the beginning of the year wood pig乙亥)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1178/79 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4149/50 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1194/95
Islamic calendar 1231/1232 (turn of the year 20/21 November)
Jewish calendar 5576/77 (September 22-23)
Coptic calendar 1532/33 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 991/992
Seleucid era Babylon: 2126/27 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2127/28 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1872/73 (April)


Politics and world events


German Confederation

Portugal / Brazil

Latin America

The venue, the House of Independence in San Miguel de Tucumán

United States of America

United States 1816




Austrian central bank


Steamship Èlise
The Defiance

Other economic events

science and technology

Rurik expedition

Route of the Rurik expedition in Kotzebuesund

Teaching and Research

Technical achievements

The Weser


  • August 1st: The first volume of the encyclopedic journal Isis appears. Isis , edited by Lorenz Oken and published by Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus , is the first interdisciplinary magazine in German-speaking countries.


Visual arts


Music and theater

Frontispiece of the libretto




Théodore Géricault : The raft of the Medusa , painted in 1819
  • July 2: The French frigate Méduse runs aground on the Arguin Bank off West Africa, due to the incompetence of the commanders . Of the around 400 people on board, more than half will be killed in the next few weeks, most of them on a makeshift raft because there is not enough space in the dinghies.
Comparison of the temperatures in 1816 with the long-term mean 1971–2000


January February

Benjamin Eggleston

March April

May June

Friedrich Gottlob Keller

July August

Paul Julius Reuter

September October

Carl Zeiss, around 1861

November December

Werner from Siemens
  • December 13: Werner von Siemens , German inventor, entrepreneur and founder of electrical engineering († 1892)
  • December 16: José María Cabral , Dominican politician and President of the Dominican Republic († 1899)
  • December 17: Ferdinand Gleich , writer and composer († 1898)
  • December 19: Franz Sacher , Austrian confectioner († 1907)
  • December 29: Carl Ludwig , German physiologist († 1895)
  • December 31: William Gull , English physician and natural philosopher († 1890)

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Friedrich Wilhelm Bülow von Dennewitz
Tomb of Queen Maria I.

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1816  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files