Thilo Irmisch

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Johann Friedrich Thilo Irmisch (born January 4, 1816 in Sondershausen ; † April 28, 1879 there ) was a botanist, local researcher and high school teacher in the Principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen . Its official botanical author abbreviation is " Irmisch ".

Thilo Irmisch


Thilo Irmisch, son of the former princely hunter Johann Friedrich Irmisch (1783–1864) and the daughter of the forestry councilor Antoinette Freytag (1794–1834), had ancestors on both his father's and mother's side who were mainly active in forestry. He spent the first years of his life and elementary school in Schlotheim , where his father was employed as a private forester. From 1829 to 1836 he attended the newly founded special houses grammar school. In the school leaving certificate, his inclination for botany and his poetry skills were emphasized. From 1836 he studied theology, philosophy and natural sciences at the University of Halle . Soon after a trial sermon in Sondershausen that was doubtful for him, his interest in the natural sciences soon predominated. Prof. Schlechtendal (1794–1866), director of the botanical garden in Halle, was his teacher and later his friend. In 1839 he heard geognosy and mineralogy with Germar , zoology with Burmeister .

After completing his studies, Irmisch was first a private tutor in Teistungenburg near Worbis with a family who supported him financially from 1844 on in his unpaid position as an assistant teacher at the grammar school in Sondershausen. Due to the lack of a final examination, the appointment was initially canceled; it was not until September 8, 1846 that he was finally employed as a collaborator . He taught three classes in "Description of Nature" (botany and zoology), Latin, German and religion. In addition, in 1850 he was responsible for the education and training of the prince's son Hugo von Schwarzburg-Sondershausen (1839–1871). On October 19, 1852 he was promoted to senior teacher; on July 30, 1855 he was given the title of professor .

In 1851 he married Mathilde Auleb (1827–1897), daughter of the master chimney sweep Gottfried Christoph Auleb. They had two daughters: Luise (1852–1928) and Marie (1854–1935), married to Gustav Wilhelm Hallensleben (1852–1906), who later published the articles on the Schwarzburgische Heimatskunde . A granddaughter was Anna Katharina (Käthe) Hallensleben (1890–1974), who married the later court conductor Carl Corbach .

As a teacher he stayed for 35 years at the same grammar school with Wilhelm Kieser as a colleague and (from 1852) director. On April 24, 1879, after a botanical excursion with friends, he suffered a stroke. He died four days later. His grave is no longer preserved; the grave plate is in the Castle Museum kept Sondershausen.


In addition to his work as a teacher, Thilo Irmisch dealt with botany. His special interest in systematics by comparing shapes led him to plant morphology . Already in 1846 he published a " Systematic directory of where among stately wild parts of the Black Freiburgische principalities phaenogamous plants [...] ". It was a list of 1023 species in 436 families of native flowering plants . This plant catalog, known as the “ Kleine Irmisch ”, was a popular book. With his work he succeeded Karl Friedrich Schimper and Alexander Braun . He became known through his work " On the morphology of the monocotyledonous tubers and bulbous plants " (1850), in which, in addition to the shoot sequence, he also presented the living conditions of these plants in an exemplary manner. He published numerous treatises on morphological observations; He turned his observations with preference to native plants.

Irmisch found together with the Leipzig botanist Wilhelm Hofmeister on Frauenberg near Sondershausen "the seedlings of the common moon-rue that had never been seen before . This contribution by "[s] a friend of Prof. Irmisch" was very welcome for Hofmeister's research on the generation change , and he pointed it out accordingly.

In 1851 he was asked by Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius to discuss his large palm plant. Irmisch regularly received seeds, tubers and bulbs from plants in the Alpine region from Anton Kerner . He visited this in the fall of 1876 in his holiday home in Trins to recover his ailing health .

He has published articles in various scientific specialist bodies. There were often separate prints of this (e.g. from the contributions on the comparative morphology of plants ); He also brought out a number of independent books, e.g. B. the contributions to the biology and morphology of orchids (1853). It was planned that he would contribute a volume to the manual of physiological botany , of which he was co-editor (at the latest) from 1865 onwards . Such a manuscript was actually found in his estate; but it has remained unpublished.

Irmisch wrote a total of 150 titles on botany and was in correspondence with over 50 well-known botanists from home and abroad.

From 1855 to 1859 he was the editor of the Neue Blumenzeitung . From the beginning of 1864 to the end of 1872 he edited the unofficial part of Der Deutsche , from the beginning of 1873 until his death the government and news gazette of the Principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen .

In addition to his botanical studies, he was a historian, archaeologist and local researcher. In August 1853 he was appointed a member of the antiquity society that the prince had founded shortly before. After his colleague F. Göbel left in 1862, he was entrusted with the administration of the Princely Natural History Cabinet. When starting his work there he came across the manuscript Schwarzburgisches Chronicon by Paulus Jovius (approx. 1570-1633) . From this find he developed his extensive work on Jovius and his work over several years of archive work, and he was supported from the beginning to the end of his activity by "[s] a friend of Mr. Archivist Richter".

In 1873 Irmisch led an excavation on the Frauenberg near Sondershausen to research the building history of the former Jechaburg monastery . A church from the 12./13. It was uncovered in the 16th century, which fell into disrepair and was removed in the 16th century.

In January 1863, together with Karl Chop , Hermann Töpfer and others, Irmisch founded a natural science association in addition to the antiquity association , in which science-minded citizens of special houses met weekly to freely exchange ideas.

He was friends with the theologian Carl Ludloff (1808–1878) . His uncle Carl (1766-1824) of the same name was the impetus for Irmisch to conduct a media history study.

A large number of correspondence partners have come down to us, 44 of which are documented. In addition to the above Friends and companions u. a. Correspondence with Paul Ascherson , Franz Buchenau , Ludolf Christian Treviranus and Heinrich Wydler should be mentioned.


In 1857 Irmisch was awarded an honorary doctorate in philosophy by the University of Rostock . Johannes Röper stood up for him as dean.

Irmisch's obituaries report that several universities advised him to apply for university professorships (in Erlangen, Halle, Hamburg, Leipzig, Munich, Rostock), but did not respond.

Thilo Irmisch was an honorary member of the "Association for the Promotion of Agriculture" in Sondershausen, the "Natural Science Association of the Bavarian Palatinate " and the "Philomathic Society of Strasbourg i. E. “He was a full member of the“ Royal Bavarian Botanical Society of Regensburg ”(1850), the“ Natural Science Association in Halle for Thuringia and Saxony ”, the“ Natural Research Society in Halle / S. ”, The“ Physical-Medicinic Society in Erlangen ", the" Botanical Association for the Province of Brandenburg in Berlin ", the" Grand Ducal Saxon Society for Mineralogy, Geology and Petrefactology in Jena ", the" Natural Science Association in Bremen ", the" Imperial Society for Natural Sciences in Cherbourg "and the" Botanical Society of Edinburgh ”. In February 1866 he was elected a member of the Leopoldina .

In August 1866 Irmisch received the gold medal for service to the arts and science of the principality; in January 1874 he was honored with the title of archivist .

Two genera of tropical plants bear his name: Schlechtendal gave the name Irmischia to a genus of Asclepiadeen in 1847 ; In 1866 August Eichler gave a genus of Combretaceous the name Thiloa . Shortly after his death, the Thuringian Botanical Association Irmischia zu Sondershausen was founded; from 1881 to 1886 he published six volumes of his correspondence journal. There, in 1882, a message from Julius Kühn appeared about a fungal parasite, which he named in memory of Irmisch. The Natural Science Association and the Antiquities Association held a joint commemoration ceremony in 1916. The museum wreath , which was formed as a supplement to the antiquity association at the end of the 1890s, put a plaque on the house in 1922 where Irmisch lived from 1860 to 1877 (Lange Straße 36).

From 1991 until it was merged with Geschwister-Scholl-Gymnasium in 1996, the Sondershausen natural science high school was called “ Staatliches Gymnasium Prof. Dr. Irmisch ".

Works (selection)

  • Supplements to Meyer's CHLORIS HANOVERANA from the county of Hohnstein. In: Linnaea. A journal for botany in its entirety. Volume 12, 1838, pp. 38-49 ( ).
  • Remarks on the Epipactis species of the German flora. In: Linnaea. A journal for botany in its entirety. Volume 16, 1842, pp. 417-462 ( ) and Volume 19, 1847, pp. 113-124 ( ).
  • The inorganism. The plant. The animal. An attempt to determine them. Sondershausen 1843 ( digitized ).
  • Systematic index of the phanerogamic plants growing in the wild in the subordinate part of the Schwarzburg principalities, with details of the most important cultivated plants. (Contributions to the natural history of North Thuringia. By F. Göbel and Th. Irmisch.) Eupel, Sondershausen 1846.
  • Remarks on the selection of the material for botanical lessons in grammar schools - supplements to Schwarzburg's flora. In: Program of the Fürstlich Schwarzburgischen Gymnasium in Sondershausen 1849, pp. 3-31.
  • On the morphology of the monocotylic tuber and bulb family. Reimer, Berlin 1850 ( digitized version ).
  • Contributions to the biology and morphology of orchids. Abel, Leipzig 1853 ( digitized version ).
  • Some observations on native orchids. In: Flora, or general botanical newspaper. 37th year (= NR 12), 1854, p. 513ff. ( ).
  • Contribution to the natural history of the native Valeriana species, especially V. officinalis and dioica. In: Treatises of the natural research society in Halle. 1st volume, year 1853, 3rd quarter 1854, pp. 19ff. ( ).
  • Morphological observations on some plants from the natural families of Melanthacea, Irideen and Aroideen. In: Treatises of the natural science association for Saxony and Thuringia in Halle. Volume 1, 1856-1859. 1860 ( pp. 127-147 ).
  • In memory of C. Fr. W. Wallroth . A biographical sketch. In: Botanische Zeitung. 15th year, 1857 ( columns 545-555 ).
  • About some species from the natural plant family of the Potameen. In: Treatises of the natural science association for Saxony and Thuringia in Halle. 2nd volume 1858-1861. 1861 ( pp. 1-56 ).
  • Brief remark on the perennial Sonchus species of the German flora. In: Negotiations of the botanical association for the province of Brandenburg and the neighboring countries. Volume 2, 1860 ( pp. 117-122 ).
  • Contributions to the morphology of the amaryllid ideas. (Contributions to the morphology of the monocotylic plants by Th. Irmisch. 1. Issue.) Halle: Schmidt 1860 ( digitized ).
  • About some botanists of the sixteenth century who did a great job researching the flora of Thuringia, the Harz Mountains and the surrounding areas. In: Program of the Fürstlich Schwarzburgischen Gymnasium zu Sondershausen 1862. P. 3–58 ( digitized version ; reprint in: Contributions to Schwarzburgische Heimathskunde. Volume 2, P. 523–403).
  • Eduard Stein. In: Der Deutsche 1864 No. 36 and 37 .
  • About Papaver trilobum Wallroth. A contribution to the natural history of the genus Papaver . In: Treatises of the natural research society in Halle. 9th Volume, 1866 ( pp. 113-132 ).
  • [News about a human skull found near Otterstedt .] In: Zeitschrift für die Gesammte Naturwissenschaften. Volume 30, 1867 ( pp. 422f. ).
  • About the Thuringian chronicle writer Magister Paulus Jovius and his writings. In: Program of the Fürstlich Schwarzburgische Gymnasium zu Sondershausen 1870. Reprinted by Eupel, Sondershausen 1870 ( digitized version ; reprint in contributions to Schwarzburgische Heimatskunde. Volume 1, pp. 1–106).
  • [Self-disclosure.] In: Forest Science Writer's Lexicon. From JTC Ratzeburg. Berlin: Nicolai 1872, ( p. 272f. ).
  • Elisabeth von Schwarzburg, née Countess von Ysenburg. A life story from the sixteenth century. Lecture September 24, 1872.
  • A letter from Count Robert of Leicester to Count Günther XLI. from Schwarzburg. In: Anzeiger für customer of the German prehistory. NF 20, 1873. Columns 89-91 .
  • The Jechaburg canon Albrecht (von Halberstadt), a poet of the Middle Ages. [and:] Afterwards about Albrecht von Halberstadt. In: Contributions to the Schwarzburgische Heimatskunde. Volume 1, pp. 327-356 (reprint from government and news bulletin for the principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, 1873 and 1876).
  • About the writer Carl Ludloff. At the same time a contribution to the knowledge of the earlier newspapers in Sondershausen. In: Contributions to the Schwarzburgische Heimatskunde. Volume 2, pp. 277-298 (reprint from government and news gazette for the principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, November 1874).
  • List of horsetails, bear moss plants and ferns which have been observed up to now in the Schwarzburger Unter- and Oberherrschaft and their immediate surroundings. In: Contributions to the Schwarzburgische Heimatskunde. Volume 2, pp. 48–51 (reprint from government and news bulletin for the Principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, May 1875).
  • Some news about Johann Thal , the author of Sylva Hercynia. In: Journal of the Harz Association for History and Antiquity. 8th year, 1875 ( pp. 149–161 ).
  • On the family history of Countess Katharina the Heldenmüthigen. In: Contributions to the Schwarzburgische Heimatskunde. Volume 1, pp. 243-317 (reprint from government and news gazette for the principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, 1876).
  • In memory of Wilhelm Himmelstoss; at the same time a contribution to the knowledge of earlier musical conditions in Sondershausen. In contributions to the Schwarzburgische Heimatskunde. Volume 2, pp. 157-170. (Reprint from government and news bulletin for the Principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, November 1876. Edited reprint of this in Neue Zeitschrift für Musik 73, 1877, pp. 292–294 and 303. )
  • Contributions to the knowledge of the relations between Prince Wilhelm I of Orange (the silent one) and Count Günther XLI. von Schwarzburg and his house took place. In: Contributions to the Schwarzburgische Heimathskunde Volume 1, pp. 155–210 (reprint from government and news bulletin for the principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, 1878).
  • About the day of the death of Count Günther the arguable and about the return of his body from the Netherlands. In: Contributions to Schwarzburgische Heimathskunde Volume 1, pp. 211-240 (Reprint from government and news bulletin for the Principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, 1879.)
  • Contributions to the comparative morphology of plants. (6 'Departments'; Departments 1 to 5 in the treatises of the Natural Research Society in Halle ):
Section I. In: Treatises, etc. Volume 2, vol. 1854, 1855 ( p. 39ff. ).
Division [2]. In: Abhandlungen etc. 3rd volume, vol. 1855, 1856 ( p. 63ff. ).
Division [3]. ibid ( p. 107ff. ).
Division [4]. In: Abhandlungen etc. Volume 7, 1863 ( pp. 173ff. ).
Section 5. In: Treatises, etc. Volume 13, 1874 ( pp. 158ff. ).
Department 6. In: Festschrift to celebrate the centenary of the Natural Research Society in Halle a / S. Halle 1879 ( p. 1ff. ).
  • The growth ratios of Bowiea volubilis Hkr. fil. (Introduced by Franz Buchenau). In: Treatises ed. from the scientific associations in Bremen. Volume 6, Issue 2, November 1879 ( pp. 433-440 ).
  • Four articles in: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie. 1878-1880 .
  • Contributions to the Schwarzburgische Heimatskunde. By Th. Irmisch. [Ed. by Gustav Wilhelm Hallensleben.] First volume. Sondershausen 1905; Second volume. ibid 1906.
(A collection of reprints in 5 parts: (1) […] M. Paulus Jovius […]; (2) Countess Elisabeth zu Schwarzburg […]; (3) 68 items from newspapers (the item often from an original series of several articles): one piece from Neue Preußische Zeitung 1876, three pieces from Der Deutsche 1867f., and 64 pieces from the government and news bulletin for the Principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen from 1873 to 1879; (4) [...] Botaniker des 16 . Century […]; (5) three obituaries in Irish: by Gottgetreu Schmidt (April 1879), by Karl Chop (July 1879), by Wilhelm Kieser (Easter 1880), with notes by the editor. Exact references to all relevant details at Lengemann 2004).


  • Address books from Sondershausen ( digital copies ).
  • Walter Geiger: Wasn't the important northern Thuringian botanist Thilo Irmisch (1816–1879) interested in a professional career? Additions to two articles or the end of a "legend". In: Eichsfelder Heimathefte. Volume 21, 1981. pp. 123-128.
  • Ekkehard Höxtermann: The honorary doctorate of the special houses "Collaborator" Thilo Irmisch (1816–1879). In: 875 years of Sondershausen. A font for the anniversary. Sondershausen 2000, ISBN 3980582973 , pp. 193-202.
  • Wilhelm Kieser: Nekrolog about the archivist Prof. Dr. Irmisch. In: Program of the Fürstlich Schwarzburgischen Gymnasium in Sondershausen. Program No. 606, Sondershausen 1880, pp. 4–13 ( PDF ; reprint in contributions to Schwarzburgische Heimathskunde. Volume 2, pp. 414–427).
  • Jochen Lengemann: Thilo Irmisch. In memory of the local historian, regional historian and botanist from Schwarzburg. In: Special houses contributions. Püstrich. Journal for Schwarzburg culture and regional history. Issue 8, 2004. pp. 7–25 (including p. 14ff. A section: Thilo Irmisch as the author of contributions to the regional and cultural history and regional studies of Schwarzburg and northern Thuringia).
  • [Leopoldina:] Thilo Irmisch. In: Leopoldina. Issue 15, 1879, p. 99f. .
  • Günther Lutze: On the school history of the city of Sondershausen. Supplement to the annual report of the Prince. Gymnasium and the Fürstl. Realschule zu Sondershausen for the period from Easter 1904 to Easter 1905. Sondershausen 1905 (program no. 864 ).
  • Karl Mägdefrau: history of botany. Life and Achievement of Great Researchers. 2nd edition, Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart 1992, ISBN 3-437-20489-0 , p. 160.
  • Felicitas Marwinski (Ed.): Paths of life in Thuringia. Fourth collection (= supplement 37 of the journal for Thuringian history). Verlag Vopelius, Jena 2011, ISBN 9783939718574 , pp. 162-167 (biography no. 344).
  • Wilhelm May, Helmut Köhler: Thilo Irmisch (1816-1879) (Series: Personalities in Sondershausen ). Ed. Cultural Office of the City Administration, Sondershausen 2002.
  • Martin Müllerott: The "Blumen-Zeitung" under the editing of Thilo Irmisch. A contribution to the history of the magazine industry for enthusiasts. In: Journalism. Quarterly issues for communication research. Volume 10, 1965, pp. 552-555.
  • Martin Müllerott:  Irmisch, Thilo. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 10, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1974, ISBN 3-428-00191-5 , p. 183 ( digitized version ).
  • Martin Müllerott: Thilo Irmisch 1816 - 1879. A biobibliographical experiment along with samples of his scientific correspondence. In: Hoppea. Memoranda of the Regensburg Botanical Society 39, 1980, pp. 52-76 ( PDF on ZOBODAT ; contains about 140 titles on Irmisch's botany).
  • Jürgen Pusch, Klaus-Jörg Barthel, Wolfgang Heinrich (collaboration: Peter Rode, Werner Westhus, Harmut Baade): The botanists of Thuringia. (Haussknechtia, supplement 18.) [Jena 2015], pp. 244–246 (Thilo Irmisch).
  • Franz Speta: On the history of root research with special consideration of the activities in Austria. In: Stapfia. 50, 1997, pp. 7–288 ( PDF on ZOBODAT , also ; pp. 269–275: reprint of the bibliography in Müllerott 1980).
  • Ernst Wunschmann:  Irmisch, Thilo . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 14, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1881, pp. 585-590.

Web links

Wikisource: Thilo Irmisch  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. May and Köhler p. 2, with illustration of the birth register. Irmisch himself apparently thought January 14th was his birthday; see. his self-disclosure .
  2. ^ Obituary in Der Deutsche 1864 No. 131 .
  3. May and Köhler p. 3.
  4. List of horsetail, etc. p. 49.
  5. ^ In contributions to the knowledge of vascular cryptogams II. In: Treatises of the mathematical-physical class of the Royal Saxon Society of Sciences, 3rd volume (= Treatises of the Royal Saxon Society of Sciences, 5th volume), 1857, pp. 603-682 + 13 panels. (here: p. 657. )
  6. See Flora. Volume 35, 1852 , pp. 42-48, 57-62, 73-78, 328-336, 339-346, 354-368, 500-511.
  7. ^ Letters from Irmisch to Kerner in EM Kronfeld: Anton Kerner von Marilaun. Life and work of a German natural scientist. Tauchnitz, Leipzig 1908, pp. 264-274 .
  8. See the publisher's brochure from 1866 .
  9. Kieser p. 9; after interpretation by Müllerott 1980 p. 68f. Irmisch had finally given up the publication in 1871, which is why the heirs refused to publish it posthumously.
  10. ^ Contributions to the Schwarzburgische Heimatskunde. Volume 2, p. 97.
  11. Instruction for the Association for German History and Antiquity , Law Collection for the Principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen No. 23 .
  12. Ferdinand Göbel (1805–1876) was a teacher at the Sondershausen grammar school from 1836. In addition, from 1842 he was in charge of the Princely Natural History Cabinet in Sondershausen; he was also a founding member of the antiquity society . At the beginning of 1862 he became rector of the secondary school in Arnstadt. (Lutze, Schulgeschichte p. 33f . ; Der Deutsche 1862 No. 1 and 5 ; Princely Natural History Cabinet , Arch.-Sign. 2034 ).
  13. Irmisch, Jovius 1870 p. 3 .
  14. ^ About the writer Carl Ludloff, p. 296. Ernst Richter (1813–1881) was a member of the Antiquities Association from 1854 and from then on also archivist of the State Archives; see. Address book 1877 p. 63 and p. 49 .
  15. ^ Scientific Association in Sondershausen. In: Contributions to the Schwarzburgische Heimatskunde. Volume 2, pp. 146f. (Reprint from government and news bulletin for the Principality of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen No. 46 of April 15, 1884, p. 183.) The association was active for several decades, cf. Address book 1882 p. 85 , 1900 p. 124 , 1913 p. 133 .
  16. ^ History of the Ludolf-Ludloff family. [By Rudolf Friedrich Ludloff .] O. O., o. J. [Coburg 1910.] ( digitized ) p. 12f.
  17. The doctoral diploma is dated June 30, 1857 (a misprint on Kieser p. 7: "1853"). There is a clearly legible illustration on Höxtermann p. 198; the letter of July 11 and Irmisch's letter of thanks from July 16, 1857 are also printed there. See also the precise explanation in the Leopoldina's obituary.
  18. In his justification, Röper particularly emphasized Irmisch's services to root research (Höxtermann p. 197). Speta also sees Irmisch's work as "the real beginning" of the root morphology (p. 241).
  19. So z. B. Kieser p. 11. However, the factual basis for this information is not clear. In the case of Hamburg (1862) and Halle (1866) it seems certain that the university explicitly did not decide in favor of Irmisch's application. (Geiger 1981, p. 126f.)
  20. Leopoldina. Official organ of the Imperial Leopoldino-Carolinian German Academy of Natural Scientists. Volume 5, 1866, p. 93 .
  21. Der Deutsche 1866 No. 95 ; 1874 No. 5 .
  22. Linnaea. Volume 19, 1847, pp. 738f. ; later replaced by the older name metastelma .
  23. Flora. Volume 49, 1866, pp. 145ff. .
  24. May and Köhler p. 7.
  25. Irmischia. Correspondence sheet of the botanical association for northern Thuringia. Sondershausen. Digital copies .
  26. Paipalopsis Irmischiae, a new fungal parasite in our flora. In: Irmischia 2nd year, 1882. P. 39f. .
  27. Der Deutsche 1916 No. 19 .
  28. Der Deutsche 1922 No. 54 ; May and Koehler p. 8.
  29. ^ Reprint based on the lecture manuscript in the category Kleines Feuilleton from Der Deutsche 1895 ( No. 164 to 171 ; reprint with a modified title in Contributions to Schwarzburgische Heimathskunde. Volume 1, pp. 109–124).
  30. Irmisch wrote this 6th part in "Spring 1879 [...] shortly before he went home". ( Contributions to Schwarzburgische Heimatskunde. Volume 1, pp. IIIf.)
  31. This biography, signed “JL” (i.e., Jochen Lengemann), is largely identical to the text of pp. 7-14 by Lengemann 2004.