Oblates of the Immaculate Virgin Mary
The Oblates of the Immaculate Virgin Mary ( Latin Oblati Mariae Immaculatae ; order abbreviation OMI) are a missionary religious community in the Roman Catholic Church . The religious community was founded in 1816 by St. Eugene of Mazenod . Their relatives are also called "Oblate Missionaries" or, in Germany, "Huenfeld Oblates".
The name Oblaten comes from the Latin oblatus , "given, offered". The oblate is one who gives his life for God in a religious community.
Under the influence of the French Revolution , the Christian faith played an increasingly less important role in the life of the “common people”. After the French nobleman Eugene of Mazenod was ordained a priest , he refused any transfer offer from his bishop in order to be able to support these people, the “poorest and most abandoned”. Soon he felt the call to found a community of priests who preached the faith in a simple way - especially in the Provencal dialect. On January 25, 1816, he founded the Missionaries of Provence .
Ten years later, on February 17, 1826, the community was founded under the name Oblati Mariae Immaculatae by Pope Leo XII. formally established as a congregation of clergy under papal law. The rules of the order written by Eugen von Mazenod and the constitutions, which were examined in detail by the Congregation for Religious Affairs on this occasion, are based on the rule of the Redemptorists .
Soon the Oblates were not only active in Provence, they spread to various dioceses in France; the congregation led the missionary movement that began in the mid-19th century. From 1841, the main goals of the missionaries were mainly the French colonies and Canada . Other destinations from 1847 were Ceylon and the United States , Algeria and South Africa ( Natal ).
At the present time the oblates are represented on all continents. In January 2012 the Order had 4,093 members, including 3,025 priests, 383 brothers and 42 bishops, including Francis Eugene Cardinal George of Chicago . Father Louis Lougen OMI from the United States has been Superior General since September 28, 2010 .
A branch of the order for women, the Oblates of the Immaculate Virgin Mary , was established a few years ago.
The religious order in Germany
The first establishment in Germany was the Bonifatiuskloster in Hünfeld in 1895 , which was founded primarily with the purpose of training missionaries for pastoral care in German South West Africa , today's Namibia .
The Oblates had a German religious province from 1895 to 2007. On May 21, 2007, the Central European Province was founded, which consists of the former German Province and the former General Delegation Austria-Czech Republic. It is currently headed by the Provincial Father Felix Rehbock OMI, who was introduced to his office on May 26, 2019. In January 2019 there were 112 fathers and brothers in 13 branches in the Central European Province.
Provincials of the Central European Province
- Father Thomas Klosterkamp - 2007-2013
- Father Stefan Obergfell - 2013-2019
- Father Felix Rehbock - since 2019
Saints and Blessed of the religious community
- St. Eugene of Mazenod : Order founder
- Blessed Joseph Gérard : Missionary in Basutoland
- Sel. Josef Cebula : Martyr in the Mauthausen concentration camp
- 22 Spanish martyrs: Juan Antonio Pérez Mayo , Manuel Gutiérrez Martín , Cecilio Vega Domínguez , Juan Pedro Cotillo Fernández , Pascual Aláez Medina , Francisco Polvorinos Gómez , Justo González Lorente , Francisco Esteban Lacal , Vicente Blanco Guadilla , Gregorio Escobar Garcia , Juan José Caballero Rodríguez , Publio Rodríguez Moslares , Justo Gil Pardo , Ángel Francisco Bocos Hernández , Marcelino Sánchez Fernández , José Guerra Andrés , Daniel Gómez Lucas , Justo Fernández González , Clemente Rodríguez Tejerina , Eleuterio Prado Villarroel , José Vega Riañia , Servilero . The layman Cándido Castán San José belongs to the same group .
- 6 martyrs of Laos: Louis Leroy , Michel Coquelet , Vincent L'Hénoret , Jean Wauthier , Joseph Boissel and Mario Borzaga . The same group also includes religious priests from other congregations and lay people: Joseph Tien , Jean-Baptiste Malo , René Dubroux , Joseph Outhay , Noël Tenaud , Marcel Denis , Thomas Khampheuane , Lucien Galan , Luc Sy , Maisam Pho Inpeng and Paul Thoj Xyooj Paj Lug .
- Oblates for which a beatification process has been opened
- Karl Dominik Albini : People's missionary in Corsica
- Vital Grandin : Bishop in the ice mission
- Anton Kowalczyk
- Thomas Benjamin Cardinal Cooray : Archbishop of Colombo
- Pedro Shaw , missionary and bishop in Paraguay
including the oblates who were made Venerable Servants of God :
- Ovid Charlebois : Mission Bishop in Canada
- Victor Lelièvre
- Bastiampillai Anthonipillai (Father Thomas): Founder of the Rosarians
- St. Eugene of Mazenod (1816–1861)
- Joseph Fabre (1861-1892)
- Louis Soullier (1893-1897)
- Cassien Augier (1898–1906)
- Auguste Lavillardière (1906–…)
- Archbishop Augustin Dontenwill (1908–1931)
- Théodore Labouré (1932–1944)
- Léo Deschâtelets (1947–1972)
- Richard Hanley (1972–1974)
- Fernand Jetté (1974–1986)
- Marcello Zago (1986-1998)
- Wilhelm Steckling (1998-2010)
- Louis Lougen (2010-present)
Other important wafers
- Friedrich Lorenz : Martyrs in the time of National Socialism
- Franz Bänsch : prison chaplain in the time of National Socialism
- Paul Schulte : founder of MIVA
- Josef Metzler : Prefect of the Vatican Secret Archives from 1984 to 1995
- Hermann Josef Esser : worker priest in Saarfels and between 1995 and 2011 the only monk in the Saarbrücken Oblate Monastery
- Eliseo Mercado , Mindanao
- Orlando Beltran Quevedo : cardinal in the papal estate
- Michael Francis Fallon (1867–1931), Bishop of London (Ontario, Canada).
- Francis George (born January 16, 1937 in Chicago, † April 17, 2015): Cardinal Archbishop of Chicago
- Joseph Hippolyte Guibert (1802–1886): Cardinal Archbishop of Paris
- Erwin Hecht (born October 13, 1933, † November 19, 2016): Bishop of Kimberley
- Denis Eugene Hurley (1915-2004): Archbishop of Durban
- Valentine Kalumba (* 1967): Bishop of Livingstone
- Rudolf Maria Koppmann (1913–2007): Bishop of Windhoek
- Liborius Ndumbukuti Nashenda (born April 7, 1959 in Oshikuku, Namibia): Archbishop of Windhoek
- Philipp Pöllitzer (born January 18, 1940): Bishop emeritus of Keetmanshoop
- Karl Walter Vervoort (1899–1979): Vicar Apostolic of Pilcomayo
- Bingen Oblate Monastery
- Mariengarden Monastery ( Burlo )
- Oblate Monastery Gelsenkirchen
- St. Boniface Monastery ( Hünfeld )
- Kronach Oblate Monastery
- Nikolauskloster (Jüchen)
- Schemmerhofen Oblate Monastery
- Zwickau Oblate Monastery
- St. Paul Oblate Monastery in Vienna-Hietzing
- Unterheiligenstädter parish church in Vienna-Döbling
- Pilgrimage church Maria Taferl , Kuratenhaus Maria Taferl in Maria Taferl
- Herz-Jesu-Kirche in Gmünd
- New Münichholz parish church and Steyr-Resthof parish church in Steyr
- Tabor-Klokoty Rectorate
- Rectorate Plasy
Former branches in the area of the Central European Order Province
- Oblate Monastery Aachen
- Allerheiligenberg Monastery ( Lahnstein )
- Rectorate Kroměříž
- Maria Engelport Monastery ( Treis-Karden )
- Oblate Monastery Munich-Harlaching
- Oblate Monastery Mainz (dissolved in 2016)
- Oblate Monastery Saarbrücken (dissolved in 2011)
- Wafers worldwide
- Oblates in Germany
- Oblates in Austria
- Youth pastoral care of the German Oblate Missionaries
- Novitiate of the Oblate Missionaries
- ↑ Archived copy ( Memento from July 23, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ a b P. Stefan Obergfell, Provinzial: Announcement of January 14, 2019 , accessed on January 21, 2019
- ↑ VRM GmbH & Co KG: "The end is also a new beginning" - Allgemeine Zeitung. Retrieved December 21, 2018 .
- ↑ La Croix: Dix missionnaires français béatifiés au Laos , accessed on December 13, 2016.
- ↑ VRM GmbH & Co KG: "God has his own plans" - Allgemeine Zeitung. Retrieved December 21, 2018 .