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A. Smirnov: “Fire of Moscow”
After the occupation of Moscow by Napoleon Bonaparte's troops , a fire breaks out in the city .
Napoleon with his Grande Armée on the loss-making retreat from Russia, painting by Adolph Northen
Napoleon's Russian campaign ends in a catastrophe
for his Grande Armée .
Battle of Queenston Heights, painting by James B. Dennis
In attempting to invade Canada, the Americans suffer
a heavy defeat in the Battle of Queenston Heights .
1812 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1260/61 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1804/05 (September 10-11)
Bengali solar calendar 1217/18 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2355/56 (southern Buddhism); 2354/55 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 75th (76th) cycle

Year of the water monkey壬申 ( at the beginning of the year metal sheep 辛未)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1174/75 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4145/46 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1190/91
Islamic calendar 1226/27 (turn of the year 15/16 January)
Jewish calendar 5572/73 (September 6-7)
Coptic calendar 1528/29 (10/11 September)
Malayalam calendar 987/988
Seleucid era Babylon: 2122/23 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2123/24 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1868/69 (April)


Politics and world events

France and the Russian campaign in 1812

The starting point before the Russian campaign in 1812: Europe under French rule
Battle of Smolensk , Peter von Hess
Battle of Borodino
Faber: Moscow 1812
Battle of Malojaroslawez , Peter von Hess
  • October 24 : In the battle of Malojaroslavz , the French record a tactical victory, but at the same time the Russians are able to prevent Napoleon from advancing into the southern provinces of Russia.
Battle of Vyasma , Peter von Hess
The transition over the Berezina

Iberian Peninsula

British infantry storm Ciudad Rodrigo fortress
Allegory of the Constitution of 1812, Francisco de Goya
Battle of Salamanca, J. Clarke
Battle of García Hernández

Other events in Europe

Assassination of Spencer Perceval, on the far right John Bellingham is being held

Russian America

British-American War

Map of the course of the war in the British-American War
The Constitution in the fight against the HMS Guerriere
  • August 19 : The American frigate USS Constitution (44 guns) forces the British frigate HMS Guerriere (38 guns) to surrender after a losing battle. The British ship is so badly damaged that it has to be sunk. The first sea victory by a regular American warship against a British warship caused a sensation in the United States and Great Britain.
Death of Major General Brock at the Battle of Queenston Heights , painting by John David Kelly, 1896

Other events in the United States

United States May-June 1812
Electoral Votes by State:
  • Majority for James Madison
  • Majority for DeWitt Clinton
  • Territories (no states yet)
  • South America


    • April 14 : In Paris, the carpenter Cochot applies for a patent for a blind with adjustable slats .

    science and technology

    Depiction of Salamanca in the painting The Collier from 1814



    Music and theater

    Inaugural concert in 1812



    Historical maps and views


    January February

    Augustus C. Dodge
    Ludwig Windthorst, 1872
    Charles Dickens

    March April

    Latimer Whipple Ballou
    Alfred Krupp

    May June

    Nathan Fellows Dixon
    Johann Gottfried Galle, 1880

    July August

    September October

    Natalja Nikolajewna Puschkina-Lanskaja (after 1860)

    November December

    Richard Moore Bishop

    Exact date of birth unknown

    William Fox


    First half of the year

    Tommaso Antici
    Portrait of Murata Harumi by
    Tani Buncho

    Second half of the year

    Franz Volkmar Reinhard

    Exact date of death unknown

    Web links

    Commons : 1812  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files