Robert Christian Avé-Lallemant

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Robert Christian Avé-Lallemant, portrayed by Ferdinand Krumholz
Family grave in the Burgtorfriedhof

Robert Christian Barthold Avé-Lallemant (born July 25, 1812 in Lübeck , † October 10, 1884 ibid) was a German doctor and explorer.

Family background

Avé-Lallemant was the son of the music teacher Jacob Heinrich Avé-Lallemant and his wife Friederike Marie Canier. The criminalist Friedrich Christian Benedikt Avé-Lallemant , the music critic and music writer Theodor Avé-Lallemant and the pastor Friedrich Avé-Lallemant were his brothers.

Live and act

Like his brother, he attended the Katharineum in Lübeck in his hometown , which he graduated from high school at Easter 1833. and at the same time received musical instruction from his father. Avé-Lallemant began to study medicine in Berlin and later moved to Heidelberg . After spending a semester abroad in Paris , he successfully completed his studies with a doctorate in Kiel .

In 1836 he was enlisted in Brazil and the following year he established himself as a general practitioner in Rio de Janeiro . A few years later, Avé-Lallemant was entrusted with the management of a sanatorium for yellow fever patients. As such, he was appointed to the State Health Council in the same year .

In 1841 he married Meta, a daughter of Moses Leo, in Rio de Janeiro. He had three children with her. Since his wife couldn't stand the Brazilian climate very well, the family returned to Lübeck in 1855. His wife died there that same year. After the obligatory year of mourning, Avé-Lallemant married Ida Louise Löwe, his wife's sister, on April 11, 1856. He had two children with his second wife.

In Lübeck he came into contact with Alexander von Humboldt , who arranged for him to participate in the Austrian Novara expedition to Brazil. In Rio de Janeiro, Avé-Lallemant left the expedition and undertook extensive research trips through the country on his own. These research trips were personally supported by Emperor Dom Pedro .

In 1858/59 Avé-Lallemant returned to Lübeck and opened a practice as a general practitioner in 1859. In 1869 he was invited to the opening ceremony of the Suez Canal . In 1871 his second wife died at the age of 54 and Avé-Lallemant married Adamine Ulrike von Rosen the following year.

Avé-Lallemant had made a name for himself not only in exploring Brazil; through him the Brazilian health care system was improved enormously.

Robert Christian Avé-Lallemant died on October 10, 1884 in Lübeck at the age of 72.


  • The yellow fever, according to its geographical distribution, causes, displaceability ... and other scientific relationships. Breslau: Shepherd 1857 ( digitized version )
  • Journey through southern Brazil in 1858. 2 volumes, 1859.
  • Journey through northern Brazil in 1859. 2 volumes, 1860.
  • The Dr. Joachim Jungius from Lübeck Correspondence: with his students and friends. Lübeck: Asschenfeldt 1863 ( digitized version )
  • Anson. Altona: Mentzel 1868 ( digitized version )
  • My trip in Egypt and Lower Italy. Leipzig (2) 1875.
  • Yn Gude's name: The life of Dr. med. Joachim Jungius 1587-1657. Breslau: Shepherd 1882 ( digitized version )
  • Hike through the flora of the tropics. 1880.


Web links

Commons : Robert Christian Avé-Lallemant  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Hermann Genzken: The Abitur graduates of the Katharineum zu Lübeck (grammar school and secondary school) from Easter 1807 to 1907. Borchers, Lübeck 1907. (Supplement to the school program 1907), No. 298