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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

Battle of Culloden, David Morier
In the Battle of Culloden , the Jacobites were decisively
defeated by British troops.
Ferdinand VI.  from Spain
Ferdinand VI. becomes
king of Spain .
Frederick V of Denmark and Norway
Frederick V becomes King of Denmark and Norway .
Battle of Roucoux
In the Battle of Roucoux , the French under Moritz von Sachsen defeat the allied Austrians, British and Dutch in the War of the Austrian Succession .
1746 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1194/95 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1738/39 (September 10-11)
Bengali solar calendar 1151/52 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2289/90 (southern Buddhism); 2288/89 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 74th (75th) cycle

Year of the fire tiger丙寅 ( at the beginning of the year wood buffalo 乙丑)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1108/09 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4079/80 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1124/25 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1158/59 (turn of the year 23/24 January)
Jewish calendar 5506/07 (September 14/15)
Coptic Calendar 1462/63 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 921/922
Seleucid era Babylon: 2056/57 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2057/58 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1802/03 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Great Britain

Bonnie Prince Charlie

War of the Austrian Succession

The Austrian Netherlands around 1740
Plan of the Battle of Roucoux, the French on the left, the Pragmatic Army on the right



Holy Roman Empire

Duke Anton Ulrich of Saxe-Meiningen

American and Indian colonies

Louisburg around 1745

Other events in Asia


science and technology


Globular cluster Messier 2

Mathematics / chemistry / physics

Teaching and Research



Leaflet 1746
  • Spring: Douwe Mout van der Meer goes on a tour of Europe with the rhinoceros Clara from Rotterdam . Via Hanover it goes to Berlin, where the animal will be viewed by Frederick the Great on April 26th. The journey continues via Frankfurt an der Oder and Breslau. After an extended stay in Wroclaw due to persistent rainfall, the team reached Vienna on October 30th. On November 5, Emperor Franz I and Maria Theresa will appear for a visit along with an imperial family tour. On this occasion, Mr. Van der Meer was raised to the nobility. On November 26th, Douwe Mout van der Meer goes home with his Clara.


Friedrich Karl von Schönborn on his deathbed, 1746


  • October 2: The sinking of the three French warships Duc d'Orléans (54 cannons), Phénix (54 cannons) and Lys (40 cannons) in a hurricane near Madras ( India ) killed around 1,200 crew members.
  • October 28: An 8.4 magnitude earthquake in the Lima area of Peru kills around 18,000 people. The port city of Callao is practically wiped out by the subsequent tsunami.


First quarter

Francisco de Goya self-portrait, 1815

Second quarter

Theodore Sedgwick

Third quarter

Bernardo de Gálvez y Madrid

Fourth Quarter

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1746


January to April

Jacques Égide Duhan de Jandun
  • 0January 3: Jacques Égide Duhan de Jandun , educator of Frederick the Great, Braunschweig librarian in Blankenburg and Prussian privy councilor in the Foreign Affairs Office (* 1685)
  • 0January 4th: Christian Hagmaier , German Protestant theologian, rector of the University of Tübingen (* 1680)
  • January 21: Gottfried Kirchhoff , German organist and composer (* 1685)
  • January 23: Peter Zorn , German Lutheran theologian, historian, Graecist and Hebrew (* 1682)
Anna Leopoldowna's grave inscription

May to August

  • 0June 3: Hacı Beşir Ağa , head eunuch from Ethiopia at the Sultan's court in Istanbul (* around 1655)
  • 0June 8: Friedrich III. , Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg (* 1673)
  • 0June 8th: Giacomo Leoni , Italian architect in England (* 1686)
  • June 13: Elias Hößler , German organ builder (* 1663)
  • June 14th: Colin Maclaurin , Scottish mathematician, geodesist and geophysicist (* 1698)
The tomb of Philip V
Christian VI's grave in Roskilde Cathedral

September to December

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1746  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files