Thomas Hanmer, 4th Baronet

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sir Thomas Hanmer

Sir Thomas Hanmer, 4th Baronet ( September 24, 1677 - May 7, 1746 ) was Speaker of the House of Commons from 1713 to 1715 . Today, his name is primarily associated with his work as editor of Shakespeare's works.


He was the son of William Hanmer and the Peregrine North. On October 14, 1698 he married Isabella Bennet, 2nd Countess of Arlington , widow of Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton . After her death in 1723 he married Elizabeth Folkes for the second time. Both marriages remained childless.

In 1701, on the death of his uncle Sir John Hanmer, 3rd Baronet, he inherited the title of Baronet , of Hanmer in the County of Flint , which had been created in the Baronetage of England in 1620.

He was a member of the House of Commons from 1701 to 1702 for the Thetford constituency, 1702 to 1705 for the Flintshire constituency, 1705 to 1708 again for Thetford and 1708 to 1727 for Suffolk.

Hanmer was one of the founding hospital's founding directors .

Since he remained childless, his baronet title expired when he died in 1746.

Shakespeare Editing

The Shakespeare complete edition edited by Hanmer was published in Oxford in 1743-44 . It contained illustrations by Hubert Gravelot based on designs by Francis Hayman . The Cambridge History of English and American Literature judged that the "luxury edition" was printed superbly and was significantly more expensive than Warburton sold. Contrary to the assertion in the introduction, there is no evidence that Hanmer's editorial decisions are based on a careful examination of the previous editions. Its edition is therefore not considered relevant in today's research. It is considered to be the worst in the entire 18th century. It was not without reason that Hanmer was the target of derisive remarks by Alexander Pope in his later editions of "The Dunciad". and Dr. Johnson remarks that he adopted the work of his predecessors (with no evidence). Some of his emendations have proven themselves - although only guessing - (such as the name of the "Weird Sisters" in Macbeth) and have been adopted by all later editors.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ RH Nichols and F A. Wray, The History of the Foundling Hospital London: Oxford University Press, 1935, p. 347.
  2. Information from Washington University in St. Louis University Libraries Website article ( Memento September 1, 2006 in the Internet Archive ) on special collections containing Shakespearean illustrations, accessed November 9, 2006.
  3. a b A. W. Ward, et al., The Cambridge history of English and American literature: An encyclopedia in eighteen volumes. "XI. The Text of Shakespeare. § 13. Hanmer's edition." New York: GP Putnam's Sons; Cambridge, England: University Press, 1907-21. Accessed at on November 9, 2006.
  4. Thomas Hubeart, "Shaking Up Shakespeare," accessed on November 9, 2006.
  5. ^ Stanley Wells & Gary Taylor, et al., William Shakespeare: A Textual Companion (NY: Norton, 1997 [reprint of Oxford University Press ed., 1987]), p. 54. ISBN 0-393-31667-X .
  6. ^ Quoted from John Butt, ed., The Poems of Alexander Pope. New Haven: Yale UP, 1963, p. 772. ISBN 0-300-00030-8 .
  7. ^ Dobson Oxford Companion. Article "Sir Thomas Hanmer". P. 183.
  8. ^ EF Halliday. Shakespeare Companion 1550-1950. Article "Sir Thomas Hanmer". P. 261.