Calendar overview 1677
Rostock is devastated by a large fire that
destroys a third of the building fabric.
|François-Henri de Montmorency-Luxembourg and his troops conquered the besieged city of Valenciennes for France in the Dutch War .||monument in London commemorating the Great Fire is completed.|
|1677 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1125/26 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1669/70 (September 10-11)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1082/83 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2220/21 (southern Buddhism); 2219/20 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||72nd (73rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1039/40 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||4010/11 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||1087/88 (March 5-6)|
|Jewish calendar||5437/38 (September 26-27)|
|Coptic calendar||1393/94 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1987/88 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1988/89 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1733/34 (April)|
Politics and world events
- since 1674 Northern War between Sweden and Denmark .
- From June 25th to December 15th a Brandenburg-Danish-Lüneburg army besieged and conquered the Swedish-Pomeranian city of Szczecin .
- June 1st : The Danish fleet wins the sea battle at Mön .
- June / July: The Danish siege of Malmö is repulsed by the Swedes with heavy losses. The Danish army withdraws to Landskrona .
- July 11th / 12th : The sea battle in the Køgebucht ends with a heavy defeat for the Swedish fleet.
- July 14th : In the Battle of Landskrona , Sweden defeats the disintegrating Danish army.
- July 28th : A Norwegian-Danish army under Ulrich Friedrich Gyldenlöwe conquers the fortress Carlsten , which until then had been considered impregnable. However, Gyldenlöwe has to move back to Norway at the end of the year.
- French pirates raid the Faroe Islands and plunder Tórshavn . Among other things, they steal the Løgting's cash register and desecrate the church in Tórshavn . The damaged pulpit from that time is now in the church in Hvalvík .
France and its wars
- March 17th : François-Henri de Montmorency-Luxembourg and his troops conquer the besieged city of Valenciennes for France during the Dutch War .
- April 11th : In the Battle of Cassel , French defeat Dutch troops in the Dutch War .
- Cambrai is annexed by the French crown.
- Louis XIV set up the Chambre ardente in France to investigate the poison affair that was triggered by the trial of Marie-Madeleine de Brinvilliers in 1675 .
- December 12th : In the Battle of Tobago , French forces defeat the Dutch defenders, who were able to repel a first attempt by the French to land on the Caribbean island of Tobago in March of that year .
- Dutch settlers are driven from the Senegal coast by the French.
- Edmund Andros , governor of the British colony of New York , founds the Covenant Chain , an alliance between the British colonies in North America and the Iroquois League against the French in New France .
- The city of Valencia in the viceroyalty of New Spain is sacked by French pirates and most of it burned down. As a result, valuable documents about the early settlement of Venezuela are lost.
- Twelve masters of musical instrument making come together in Markneukirchen to form a guild . The place and its surroundings soon became known as the music corner .
science and technology
- Maria Sibylla Merian publishes volumes two and three of her botanical work New Flower Book .
- Edmond Halley discovers the globular cluster Omega Centauri in the constellation Centaur .
Fine arts and architecture
- The monument in London commemorating the Great Fire of London in 1666 is completed.
- The Cathédrale Saint-Louis-des-Invalides in Paris is completed.
- The Obelisco della Minerva , created by Ercole Ferrata based on a design by Gian Lorenzo Bernini , will be installed in the Piazza della Minerva in front of the Basilica of Santa Maria sopra Minerva in Rome. The ancient Egyptian obelisk is carried by Bernini's elephant .
Music and theater
- January 1 : The tragedy Phèdre by Jean Racine has its world premiere in de Bourgogne Hôtel in Paris. The literary model is the tragedy Hippolytus with a wreath by Euripides . The piece consists of 1654 Alexandrians rhyming in pairs and is one of the most important works of the French classical period .
- September 9 : The Te Deum by Jean-Baptiste Lully premiered.
- August 11th : Rostock is devastated by a large fire that destroys a third of the building fabric and intensifies the city's economic decline.
First half of the year
- February 3 : Jan Blažej Santini-Aichel , architect in Bohemia († 1723 )
- February 4 : Johann Ludwig Bach , German composer († 1731 )
- February 5 : Wilhelm Erasmus Arends , German pastor († 1721 )
- February 18 : Jacques Cassini , French astronomer and geographer († 1756 )
- February 26 : Nicola Fago , Italian composer († 1745 )
- May 4 : Françoise Marie de Bourbon , Duchess of Chartres and Duchess of Orléans († 1749 )
- May 15 : Gottlieb Siegmund Corvinus , German poet and lawyer († 1747 )
- May 30th : Sigismund Graf von Kollonitz , Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Vienna and Cardinal († 1751 )
- June 5 : Hans Jacob Rietmann , Swiss Mayor († 1756 )
- June 28 : Christoph Heinrich Zeibich , German Lutheran theologian († 1748 )
Second half of the year
- September 14 : Solomon Deyling , German Protestant theologian († 1755 )
- September 17 : Stephen Hales , English physiologist and physicist († 1761 )
- September 18 : Christian Döring , Leipzig architect and builder († 1750 )
- September 27 : Johann Gabriel Doppelmayr , German astronomer († 1750 )
- October 20 : Stanislaus I. Leszczyński , King of Poland and Duke of Lorraine († 1766 )
- October 23 : Rudolf Franz Erwein von Schönborn , German politician and diplomat († 1754 )
- November 3 : Euphrosyne Auen , German poet († 1715 )
- November 18 : Just Wiedewelt , Danish sculptor († 1757 )
- November 29 : Guillaume Coustou the Elder , French sculptor († 1746 )
Exact date of birth unknown
First half of the year
- January 10 or 31 : Friedrich VI. , Margrave of Baden-Durlach (* 1617 )
- January 18 : Jan van Riebeeck , Dutch ship's doctor, merchant and colony administrator (* 1619 )
- March 15 : Evaristo Baschenis , Italian painter (* 1617 )
- March 18 : Marie Luise von Degenfeld , Raugräfin zu Pfalz (* 1634 )
- buried March 19 : Anthonie van Borssom , Dutch painter and draftsman (* around 1630 )
- March 21 : Ángel de Peredo , Spanish officer, judge and governor of Chile (* 1623 )
- April 20 : Mathieu Le Nain , French painter (* 1607 )
- April 22nd : Wenzel Eusebius von Lobkowicz , Bohemian nobleman and politician (* 1609 )
Second half of the year
- July 9 : Angelus Silesius , German poet (* 1624 )
- July 24th : Ignatius Andreas Akhidjan , Catholic Patriarch (* 1622 )
- October 11 : Otto Johann Witte , German politician (* 1615 )
- October 19 : Hans-Jerg Brendlin, called Elenhans , rebellious farmer in the Urach office during the Thirty Years War (* 1609 )
- November 9 : Aert van der Neer , Dutch landscape painter (* 1603 or 1604 )
- November 11 : Johann Weikhard von Auersperg , Austrian minister, Prince of Auersperg, Prince of Tengen and Duke of Münsterberg (* 1615 )
- November 11th : Barbara Strozzi , Italian singer and composer (* 1619 )
- November 14th : Matthias Abele von und zu Lilienberg , Austrian lawyer and writer (* 1616 )
- November 25 : Mukai Genshō , Japanese Neo-Confucian, doctor and botanist (* 1609 )
- December 13th : Thomas Howard, 5th Duke of Norfolk , English nobleman (* 1627 )
- December 14th : Christian Albrecht von Dohna , general of Brandenburg (* 1621 )
- December 26 : Bernhard Gustav von Baden-Durlach , cardinal and prince abbot of Fulda and Kempten (* 1631 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Henri Beaubrun , French painter (* 1603 )
- Shartshang Kelden Gyatsho , Tibetan monk (* 1607 )
- Hans Caspar Waser , Swiss Protestant clergyman (* 1612 )