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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

The bombardment of Wil SG on the evening of May 21, 1712 during the Second Villmerger War, oil on canvas, Swiss National Museum, Zurich
The defeat in the Toggenburg War ended the predominance
of Catholic places in the Confederation .
View of the troop line-ups near Gadebusch
Sweden defeats Denmark
in the Battle of Gadebusch
in the Great Northern War .
Animation of the Newcomer steam engine (blue: water, pink: steam)
Thomas Newcomen develops an " atmospheric steam engine ".
1712 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1160/61 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1704/05 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1117/18 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2255/56 (southern Buddhism); 2254/55 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 73rd (74th) cycle

Year of the water dragon壬辰 ( at the beginning of the year metal rabbit 辛卯)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1074/75 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4045/46 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1090/91
Islamic calendar 1123/24 (turn of the year February 8/9)
Jewish calendar 5472/73 (September 1st and 2nd)
Coptic calendar 1428/29 (10/11 September)
Malayalam calendar 887/888
Seleucid era Babylon: 2022/23 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2023/24 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1768/69 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

War of the Spanish Succession

Villars near Denain

Great Northern War

The war in the Baltic region 1709–21
Danish and Swedish warships at Dranske , detail of a contemporary copper engraving
  • September 3 : The Swedish war fleet leaves Karlskrona with 24 ships of the line, three frigates and 130 transport ships with 10,000 men. The destination is the north German coast. At the end of September, 10,000 Swedes will be landed on Rügen . A large part of the transport fleet was destroyed by the Danish war fleet in a sea ​​battle off Rügen on September 29 , so that further landings could no longer take place and the Swedish army had to break out to Mecklenburg due to supply shortages .
  • Autumn: The siege of Stralsund by Danish-Russian units is canceled after more than a year after the landing of Swedish troops under Magnus Stenbock .
Swedish troops in the battle of Gadebusch

Toggenburg War

Switzerland in the Toggenburg War
Battle at Sins
Contemporary depiction of the Second Battle of Villmergen

Other events in Europe


  • April 6 : The New York slave revolt in 1712 is bloodily suppressed. After the uprising, laws are passed that severely restrict the lives of blacks in New York.
  • In South Carolina , a law is passed for the first time that regulates the release of slaves. The law is later supplemented with a requirement that released slaves must leave South Carolina within six months. If they do not obey this rule, they can be enslaved again or sold at auction.


Bahadur Shah with his sons


science and technology

The Swedish calendar

Page from the Swedish calendar for the year 1712 - February 30th is recorded in the lower right corner

Scientific literature

Title page of the first number

Technical achievements



Music and theater

Title page of the libretto
Titan foudroyé , 1712


The Büdinger Edict of Tolerance


Historical maps and views

Map of the Portuguese fortress of Campo Maior , 1712


First half of the year

Friedrich (left) with his favorite sister Wilhelmine (painting by Antoine Pesne )
Birthplace of Jean-Jacques Rousseau in the old town of Geneva

Second half of the year

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1712


January to April

May to August

Grave of Johann Adam Andreas von Liechtenstein in the princely crypt in Vranov u Brna

September to December

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1712  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files