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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Title page of Hobbes' Leviathan
Thomas Hobbes publishes the political theory book Leviathan .
Ferdinand Maria, illustration from a coronation diary from 1658
Ferdinand Maria becomes
Elector of Bavaria .
Battle of Beresteczko
The victory of Poland-Lithuania in the Battle of Beresteczko temporarily ends the Khmelnytskyi uprising .
1651 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1099/1100 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1643/44 (September 11-12)
Bengali solar calendar 1056/57 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2194/95 (southern Buddhism); 2193/94 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 72nd (73rd) cycle

Year of the metal rabbit辛卯 ( at the beginning of the year metal tiger 庚寅)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1013/14 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3984/85 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1029/30
Islamic calendar 1061/62 (December 13-14)
Jewish calendar 5411/12 (September 15/16)
Coptic calendar 1367/68 (September 11-12)
Malayalam calendar 826/827
Seleucid era Babylon: 1961/62 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1962/63 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1707/08 (April)


Politics and world events

England / Ireland

Irish Confederation Wars , Reconquest of Ireland (1649-1653)

Galway 1651
Battle of Worcester, engraving, 1810


Holy Roman Empire



Tokugawa Ietsuna

Other events in Asia

science and technology


Detail of the four rivers fountain
Velázquez: Venus in front of the mirror



  • February 22nd : The Petriflut devastates the islands and coasts of Friesland, the German Bight and the Altes Land. The storm surge cost thousands of lives and huge land loss. The dune chains on the islands of Juist and Langeoog were split, and settlements such as Dornumersiel , Accumersiel and Altensiel were destroyed. The water reached the Kirchwarft of Fulkum , four kilometers inland from today's coastline, numerous dykes break. The western part of Buise Island is disappearing for good.


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Web links

Commons : 1651  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files