Louis-Antoine de Noailles

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Louis Antoine Cardinal de Noailles (oil painting in the Palace of Versailles , 18th century)

Louis-Antoine de Noailles (born May 27, 1651 in Cros-de-Montvert , Département Cantal , † May 4, 1729 in Paris ) was Archbishop of Paris from 1695 and cardinal from 1700 . He came from the noble family Noailles .


Louis-Antoine de Noailles, son of Anne de Noailles and his wife Louise Boyer, came from an influential and powerful family. His father became captain general of the newly acquired Roussillon and Peer of France . Noailles was ordained a priest on June 8, 1675 and received his doctorate in theology on March 14, 1676 at the Sorbonne . Three years later he was appointed Bishop of Cahors by King Louis XIV , where he only worked for a short time. He was ordained bishop on June 18, 1679 in the church of Saint-Antoine des Champs in Paris by the Archbishop of Paris François Harlay de Champvallon , co-consecrators were Dominique de Ligni , Bishop of Meaux , and Hardouin de La Hoguette , Bishop of Saint-Brieuc . As early as 1680 he was by Pope Innocent XI. transferred to the leadership of the Diocese of Châlons-sur-Marne . Not least due to family connections - Louis-Antoine was the brother of Marshal Anne-Jules de Noailles - Louis XIV appointed him Archbishop of Paris and Duke of Saint-Cloud on August 19, 1695. 1700 Noailles was by Pope Innocent XII. appointed cardinal priest of the titular church of San Sisto Vecchio .

Noailles was characterized by a liberal ecclesiastical point of view. When he turned to the Jansenist Quesnel and participated in the new edition of the New Testament , he was persecuted by the Jesuits . However, his attitude to Jansenism is not clear: on the one hand, he was accused of being close to it, on the other hand, he publicly condemned their demands. His attitude to the 1713 of Pope Clement XI. Bull Unigenitus Dei filius obtained against the Jansenists was contradictory. He opposed this bull until 1728, only to reverse his attitude shortly before his death.

Although he had studied with François Fénelon and was friends with him, Noailles was later one of the bishops who condemned Fénelon's Maximes des Saints and thus contributed to the end of Fénelon's theological career.

Noailles is said to have raised money for starving people and spent a large part of his inheritance on redecorating Notre Dame Church .

Noailles died in Paris on May 4, 1729, before dawn. His successor as Archbishop of Paris was Charles Gaspard Guillaume de Vintimille du Luc .


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predecessor Office successor
Nicolau Sevin Bishop of Cahors
Enric Guillem Le Jay
Felix III. Vialart de Herse Bishop of Châlons
Jean Baptiste Louis Gaston de Noailles
François de Harlay Archbishop of Paris
Charles Gaspard Guillaume de Vintimille