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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

Edict of Potsdam
With the Edict of Potsdam, the Great Elector granted
the French Huguenots a safe home.
King James II of England
James II./VII. becomes King of England and Scotland .
James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth
James Scott leads the Monmouth Rebellion against him .
1685 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1133/34 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1677/78 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1090/91 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2228/29 (southern Buddhism); 2227/28 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 73rd (74th) cycle

Year of the Wood Ox 乙丑 ( at the beginning of the year Wood Rat R)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1047/48 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4018/19 (October 2-3)
Iranian calendar 1063/64
Islamic calendar 1096/97 (turn of the year 27/28 November)
Jewish calendar 5445/46 (September 28-29)
Coptic calendar 1401/02 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 860/861
Seleucid era Babylon: 1995/96 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1996/97 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1741/42 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

England / Scotland

James II royal coat of arms

Holy Roman Empire

Siege of Gran



Announcement of the Edict of Fontainebleau
  • October 18 : Louis XIV. Stands by the Edict of Fontainebleau , the Edict of Nantes on. With the new edict, Ludwig declares the Catholic commitment to the state religion and issues a general ban on Protestantism. The French Reformed Church is hard hit by the ban because it is consistently enforced. Many French Huguenots flee to Protestant countries, especially the Netherlands, Switzerland and Prussia. Soon after, the Camisards revolt began .

Overseas colonies


Takenplatte founded in 1685

science and technology

  • The Halle grammar school director and later history professor Christoph Cellarius (1638–1707) publishes the textbook Historia universalis, in antiquam, medii aevi novam divisa , in which the tripartite division of world history into ancient , medieval and modern times is recorded in a textbook for the first time.

Culture and society

  • The first fire extinguishing regulations with firemen are issued in Vienna and the oldest professional fire brigade in the world is founded.
Farmers hunt and kill the (were-) wolf (contemporary leaflet)



First half of the year

Handel's baptism entry in the church book of the Marktkirche Our Dear Women on February 24, 1685 ( Marienbibliothek Halle)
Interior of the Georgenkirche in Eisenach with the baptismal font in which JS Bach was baptized

Second half of the year

Emperor Charles VI.

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1685


First half of the year

King Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland (around 1680)

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1685  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files