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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Second Turkish siege of Vienna
The Great Turkish War begins with the second Turkish siege of Vienna .
Kara Mustafa
Grand vizier Kara Mustafa
besieges Vienna in vain.
King Jan III  Sobieski near Vienna
Johann III. Sobieski
defeats the Turks in the
Battle of the Kahlenberg .
1683 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1131/32 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1675/76 (New Year 11/12 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1088/89 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2226/27 (southern Buddhism); 2225/26 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 72nd (73rd) cycle

Year of the Water Pig癸亥 ( at the beginning of the year Water Dog 壬戌)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1045/46 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4016/17 (October 2-3)
Iranian calendar 1061/62
Islamic calendar 1094/95 (turn of the year 19/20 December)
Jewish calendar 5443/44 (September 20/21)
Coptic calendar 1399/1400 (September 11-12)
Malayalam calendar 858/859
Seleucid era Babylon: 1993/94 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1994/95 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1739/40 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Great Turkish War / Second Turkish Siege of Vienna

The Ottoman Empire 1683
Vienna fortress before the siege, copper engraving by Folbert van Alten-Allen
Battle of Párkány, painting by Juliusz Kossak

Other events in Europe

Peter II of Portugal


The fort Groß Friedrichsburg


Pictures from Old Germantown, Pastorius' first log cabin at the top left


science and technology


Mountain landscape with ducks , 1683, private collection


  • The kabbalistic sect of the Dönme is founded in Saloniki .



First half of the year

Second half of the year

George II

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Jean-Baptiste Colbert

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1683  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files