Calendar overview 1635
Philipp Christoph von Sötern
is taken prisoner.
|Ferdinand II concludes the Peace of Prague with the German imperial estates .|
|Rembrandt van Rijn paints The Banquet of Belshazzar .|
|1635 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1083/84 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1627/28 (September 11-12)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1040/41 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2178/79 (southern Buddhism); 2177/78 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||72nd (73rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||997/998 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3968/69 (October 2/3)|
|Iranian calendar||1013/14 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||1044/45 (June 16/17)|
|Jewish calendar||5395/96 (September 12-13)|
|Coptic calendar||1351/52 (September 11-12)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1945/46 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1946/47 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1691/92 (April)|
Politics and world events
The war in Europe
- February 25th : With the Treaty of Paris a pact of attack and defense against Spain is concluded between France and the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands , which - assuming they are conquered - provides for the partition of the Spanish Netherlands .
- March 26th : Spanish-Habsburg troops conquer Trier, held by France, in the Thirty Years War and capture the French-friendly Elector Philipp Christoph von Sötern .
- April 30th : The Swedish Chancellor Axel Oxenstierna achieved amendments to the Paris Treaty of November 1, 1634 through a direct conversation with Cardinal Richelieu in France in the Treaty of Compiègne , which secured support in the war in Germany .
- May 19 : France declares war on Spain . After the defeat of the Swedes in the Battle of Nördlingen in September 1634, it opened a new round of fighting in the Thirty Years' War . The Habsburg-French antagonism continues to smolder.
- May 28th : Thirty Years War : In the Battle of Belfort, the French and Swedes defeat the troops of Duke Charles IV of Lorraine, who was on the imperial side .
- May 30 : The Peace of Prague ends the struggle between Emperor Ferdinand II and the Imperial Estates with the exception of Bernhard von Sachsen-Weimar and Landgrave Wilhelm V von Hessen-Kassel in the Thirty Years War . In the empire, however, there is no peace because France and Sweden continue to fight the emperor in terms of power politics.
- July 3 : Grisons turmoil : Duke Henri II of Rohan defeats the Austrian general Johann Franz von Barbitz , Baron von Fernamont, near Mazzo in Valtellina with French and Grisons troops .
- July 4th : General Octavio Piccolomini , who has entered service in Spain, succeeds in relieving the city of Leuven in Flanders . The French and Dutch fail with their siege and retreat to the area around Roermond .
- October 22nd : The Battle of Dömitz ends with a victory for Sweden over the Electorate of Saxony and brings new self-confidence to the Swedish army.
- October 26th / 27th : In the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye between Louis XIII. and Bernhard von Sachsen-Weimar it is arranged that the French treasury takes over the financing of the army of Sachsen-Weimar in Swedish service .
- October 31 : Grisons turmoil - Duke Henri II of Rohan defeats the Austrian general Johann Franz von Barbitz, Baron von Fernamont, near Bormio in Valtellina with French and Grisons troops .
- November 10th : Grisons turmoil - Duke Henri II of Rohan defeats the Spanish general Giovanni Serbelloni with French and Grisons troops , near Morbegno in the Valtellina, and thus finally drives the imperial troops out of the Three Leagues .
Other events in Europe
- September 12 : The Treaty of Stuhmsdorf between the Republic of Poland-Lithuania and the Kingdom of Sweden extends the Altmark armistice , which was initially limited to six years and ended the Swedish-Polish wars 1600–1629 , by 26 years.
Caribbean / America
- June 28 : The Caribbean island of Guadeloupe is formally declared a French colony by the Compagnie des Îles de l'Amérique .
- July: The French privateer Pierre Belain d'Esnambuc , first governor of Saint-Christophe , sails south after being expelled by the English and reaches the island of Martinique on September 15th . After landing in November, he founded the town of Saint-Pierre .
- Two slave ships are shipwrecked off the Caribbean island of St. Vincent : The Garifuna people emerge from the fleeing black Africans .
- John Winthrop, Jr. founds the Saybrook Colony at the mouth of the Connecticut River .
- The third ordinance to close Japan will prevent Japanese leaving the country from returning. Foreign trade is restricted to the port of Nagasaki .
science and technology
- January 29th : The Académie française for the exchange of ideas on art, literature and science is officially founded by the royal edict of Louis XIII. at the suggestion of Minister Cardinal Richelieu . The Académie initially held its meetings in secret with one of its members. Due to an indiscretion by the clergyman François Le Métel de Boisrobert , who is close to Cardinal Richelieu, the 40-member secret circle became known to the Cardinal.
- May 12 : Cardinal Péter Pázmány , Archbishop of Esztergom , founds a Jesuit college in Trnava , from which the Catholic Péter Pázmány University and today's Eötvös-Loránd University in Budapest develop. The reason for the choice of location is that a large part of Hungary is occupied by the Ottoman Empire, while Trnava is in the Habsburg-controlled part of the kingdom.
- Diego Velázquez paints the painting The Surrender of Breda or Las Lanzas in oil on canvas .
- Rembrandt van Rijn paints the paintings The Supper of Belshazzar and the Entombment of Christ .
- Heinrich Schütz begins composing the Musical Exequies for the funeral ceremony for Prince Heinrich Posthumus Reuss .
- Johann Bach becomes organist in Schweinfurt.
- Heinrich Bach became a council musician in Erfurt until 1641 .
- Wattenscheid burns down completely.
- In the course of the Thirty Years War, the plague raged in Germany . Among other things, a plague cross is set up in Herne .
Historical maps and views
Willem Blaeu : Nova totius terrarum orbis geographica ac hydrographica tabula , Amsterdam 1635
Pomerania 1635 (Willem & Joan Blaeu, 1662)
First half of the year
- January 13 : Philipp Jacob Spener , German Protestant theologian and one of the most famous exponents of Pietism († 1705 )
- January 23 : Johann Gabriel Löbel , glassworks owner and hammer owner († 1696 )
- January 24 : Rudolf Capell , German pedagogue, historian and philologist († 1684 )
- January 25 : Daniel Casper von Lohenstein , German playwright († 1683 )
- April 8 : Johann Christoph Hundeshagen , German logician and philosopher († 1681 )
- April 16 : Frans van Mieris the Elder , Dutch painter († 1681 )
- May 6 : Johann Joachim Becher , German chemist and doctor († 1682 )
- May 9 : August , Duke of Schleswig († 1699 )
- May 10 : Benedikt Abelzhauser , Bavarian Benedictine monk and scholar († 1717 )
Second half of the year
- September 11 : Johann Jakob Hofmann , Swiss theologian, classical philologist, historian and lexicographer († 1706 )
- November 3 : Johann Christoph Sturm , respected astronomer and mathematician († 1703 )
- November 22nd : Andreas Gottfried Ammon , German theologian and educator († 1686 )
- November 22 : Francis Willughby , English naturalist († 1672 )
- November 27 : Françoise d'Aubigné , later Madame de Maintenon, mistress and secret wife of Louis XIV. († 1719 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- José Antolínez , Spanish painter († 1675 )
- Hans Albrecht von Barfus , Brandenburg-Prussian General Field Marshal († 1704 )
- Johannes Erb , Swiss Protestant clergyman († 1701 )
- Johann Ludwig Faber , German hymn poet († 1678 )
- Thomas Sprat , English bishop and author ( History of the Royal Society of London, 1667) († 1713 )
- Köprülü Fâzıl Ahmed , Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire († 1676 )
Born around 1635
- Josef ben Abraham Athias , Jewish-Hebrew printer († around 1700 )
- Thomas Burnet , English theologian († 1715 )
First half of the year
- January 14th : Heinrich Schickhardt , German builder of the Renaissance (* 1558 )
- January 31 : Bartholomäus Gölnitz , German legal scholar (* 1557 )
- February 5 : Joos de Momper , Flemish painter (* 1564 )
- February 16 : Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba , Spanish general (* 1585 )
- March 24th : Jacques Callot , French draftsman and etcher (* around 1592 )
- March 24th : Heinrich Gutberleth , German educator (* 1572 )
- May 17th : Domenico Tintoretto , Venetian painter (* 1560 )
- May 18 : Levin Ludwig von Hahn , court official and soldier (* 1579 )
Second half of the year
- July 15 : Luke Fox , English explorer (* 1586 )
- July 30th : Daniel Engelhardt , German theologian (* 1569 )
- August 7th : Friedrich Spee von Langenfeld , German theologian and poet (* 1591 )
- August 9 : Johann II , Duke of Pfalz-Zweibrücken (* 1584 )
- August 16 : Daniel Colonius the Elder , Dutch Reformed theologian (* 1566 )
- August 18 : Heinrich Hirtzwig , German pedagogue and playwright (* around 1587 )
- August 27 : Lope de Vega , important Spanish poet (* 1562 )
- October 23 : Wilhelm Schickard , Professor of Biblical Languages, Astronomy and Mathematics (* 1592 )
- November 1 : Johann Bernhard Gottsleben , Protestant clergyman in Frohnhausen and Dillenburg (* 1595 )
- November 12th : Julius Wilhelm Zincgref , German writer (* 1591 )
- November 29th : Ambrosius Schlumpf , Swiss Mayor (* 1573 )
- December 13 : Heinrich II , Prince of Gera (* 1572 )
- December 24th : Hester Jonas , victim of the witch hunt (* around 1570 )
- December 25th : Samuel de Champlain , French explorer and colonizer (* 1574 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Āghā Rezā-e Abbāsi , Persian miniature painter (* approx. 1570 )
- Johann von Ahlefeldt , heir of Stendorf, Nüchel and district administrator (* 1584 )
- Niklaus Henzi , Swiss Protestant clergyman and university professor (* 1571 )
- Thomas James , English navigator (* 1593 )