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First printed editions of the Treaty of Utrecht: Spanish copy (1713) and a Latin-English version (1714)
The Treaty of Utrecht to end
the War of the Spanish Succession is concluded.
The scuffle at Bender
The Ottomans take the Swedish King Charles XII. at Bender .
Friedrich Wilhelm I. Portrait of Samuel Theodor Gericke, 1713
Friedrich Wilhelm I
becomes king in Prussia .
Memorabilia A. MDCCXXIII Memorabilia of the 1713th year, from: Memorabilia of the current eighteenth century & c., Nuremberg 1739
Christoph Weigel the Elder Ä. : Memorials of the 1713th year
1713 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1161/62 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1705/06 (New Year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1118/19 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2256/57 (southern Buddhism); 2255/56 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 73rd (74th) cycle

Year of the Water Snake癸巳 ( at the beginning of the year Water Dragon 壬辰)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1075/76 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4046/47 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1091/92
Islamic calendar 1124/25 (turn of the year January 27/28)
Jewish calendar 5473/74 (September 20-21)
Coptic calendar 1429/30 (10/11 September)
Malayalam calendar 888/889
Seleucid era Babylon: 2023/24 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2024/25 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1769/70 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Great Northern War

Ottoman Empire / Khanate of Crimea
The war in the Baltic Sea region
Altona Swedish fire in 1713
Christian Detlev from Reventlow
  • October 6 : Under the direction of Holstein Minister Georg Heinrich von Goertz and the Saxon Count Jacob Heinrich von Flemming includes Prussia and Russia, Saxony-Poland , and Denmark-Norway the Treaty of Schwedt . This includes that King Friedrich Wilhelm I has to pay his allies 400,000 thalers as a replacement for the war costs. For this purpose, the city of Stettin, the Western Pomerania district up to the Peene , the city of Wolgast , the island of Usedom and the city of Wollin are placed under Prussian sequestration. In addition, Prussia, together with the Holstein-Gottorp family, undertakes to ensure that the Swedes do not carry out any attacks on Poland or Russia from Pomerania . The lands are to remain under Prussian and Holstein sequestration until Sweden has paid back the 400,000 thalers in compensation to Prussia. After that, they should again be subject to the Swedish crown. After signing the contract, the Swedes will vacate Stettin and withdraw to Stralsund . This city and the Western Pomerania district between the Peene, Trebel and Recknitz as well as the island of Rügen remain in Swedish hands. The Russian troops are also withdrawing from Western Pomerania.
Plan of the Battle of Pälkäne

War of the Spanish Succession / Queen Anne's War

Europe in 1713 after the Peace Treaty of Utrecht

Habsburg hereditary lands

Charles VI's Pragmatic Sanction


With the death of his father Friedrich I , King Friedrich Wilhelm I takes power in Prussia and Brandenburg on February 25th . As soon as he took office, he informed his ministers that he was demanding “neither advice nor reasoning, but obedience”. He describes it as a principle for every ruler that he "must do all his affairs himself". As a first official act, he declares the current budget of his state to be null and void. In order to get down from the 20 million thalers national debt of his father, mass layoffs and radical cuts in salaries are the result. In this way he succeeds in reducing farm costs from 276,000 to 55,000 thalers. A first standardization of the financial administration follows on August 13th , when the previously private royal caskets are made domain goods and the entire royal land property is declared indivisible and inalienable. In order to guarantee fixed, predictable income for the state, Friedrich Wilhelm leases this to citizens for management purposes. In addition, the king creates a central financial directorate for all domain income. In the same year Friedrich Wilhelm also began to expand the Prussian army .


Tokugawa Ietsugu


science and technology

  • Hans Carl von Carlowitz publishes Sylvicultura oeconomica, or haußwirthliche message and natural instruction for wild tree breeding , the first complete work on forestry . In it he formulates the principle of sustainability for the first time .
  • In England, coke is produced for the first time by coking coal .


The Gottorf giant globe

The Gottorf giant globe, replica from 2005


Music and theater

Title page of
Teseo's libretto
Title page of the libretto, music by Tomaso Albinoni



First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of birth unknown

  • before February 27: Philipp Pfaff , German doctor and dentist, court dentist of Frederick the Great († 1766 )


First half of the year

Michael Apafi II.
Cenotaph for Friedrich I in the Berlin Cathedral

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1713  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files