Paolo Lorenzani

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Paolo Lorenzani (born January 5, 1640 in Rome , † October 28, 1713 there ) was an Italian composer and conductor .


Lorenzani received his training from Orazio Benevoli , Kapellmeister of the Cappella Giulia in the Vatican, in which Lorenzani can be verified as a soprano from May 1651 to July 1655. In 1671 he became Kapellmeister at the "Chiesa del Gesù" in succession to Vincenzo de Grandis and also at the "Seminario Romano" before he left Rome in 1678 to take up the position of Kapellmeister at the Cathedral of Messina.

In the autumn of 1675 Lorenzani became Kapellmeister at Messina Cathedral . During this time, in addition to ecclesiastical works, ballets and comedies-ballets were created for the Duke de Vivonne, the governor of Sicily at the time. After the withdrawal of the French troops from Sicily, he joined them in order to make a living in France. The Duke de Vivonne introduced him to the court, where Louis XIV enthusiastically heard one of his motets and expressed his satisfaction by appointing Lorenzani to be the “surindentent” of the Queen's music. Lorenzani spent 16 years (1678–1694) of his life in Paris, where he played an important role in the spread of the Italian musical style at a time when Jean-Baptiste Lully dominated the musical life.

Despite the support he received from Madame de Montespan and a nephew of Mazarin, as well as from the magazine "Le Mercure Galant", he never received the popularity that would have enabled him to perform one of his operas at the court of 1681 against the resistance of Lully Perform Fontainebleau . Nevertheless, in 1684 he succeeded in performing an Italian “serenade” in which he composed the Italian music and Michel-Richard Delalande the French music.

Lully's intrigues may explain that Lorenzani could not hold any of the four posts advertised in 1683 as vice conductor of the "Chapelle Royale". This fact and the queen's death marked the beginning of the break with the court. In Paris he found a job as Kapellmeister of the Theatin monastery, where he conducted his music in the presence of Italophile aristocrats.

His French-style opera “Orontée” was performed in 1688 by the “Académie royale” in Chantilly Castle . In 1693 an elaborately designed edition of Lorenzani's “Grands Motets” dedicated to the king was published.

Lorenzani returned to Rome in 1695 to succeed Francesco Beretta (1640-1694) as the conductor at the Cappella Giulia at St. Peter's Basilica.

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