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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

American War of Independence
The death of General Mercer at the Battle of Princeton in 1777, painting by John Trumbull
In the Battle of Princeton , George Washington's troops remained victorious over British forces.
Burgoynes train on Albany, June to October 1777
The British General
John Burgoyne tries to split the American units
with the Saratoga campaign .

Map of the battlefield of the Battle of Saratoga and illustration of John Neilson's house, the headquarters of Generals Benedict Arnold and Enoch Poor
It is subject to the Americans under Horatio Gates , however,
in the Battle of Saratoga .
1777 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1225/26 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1769/70 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1182/83 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2320/21 (southern Buddhism); 2319/20 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 74th (75th) cycle

Year of the Fire Rooster丁酉 ( at the beginning of the year Fire Monkey丙申)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1139/40 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4110/11 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1155/56 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1190/91 (February 8/9)
Jewish calendar 5537/38 (October 1-2)
Coptic calendar 1493/94 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 952/953
Seleucid era Babylon: 2087/88 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2088/89 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1833/34 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events


American War of Independence
The " Betsy Ross flag"
Fort Ticonderoga
Nicholas Herkimer gives instructions while sitting on a tree, wounded during the Battle of Oriskany, picture by Frederick Coffay Yohn (1875–1933)
General Burgoyne surrenders in Saratoga
Convention Army camp in Charlottesville, Virginia. ( Engraving from 1789)
Other events

Holy Roman Empire

Elector Karl Theodor of the Palatinate

Portugal / Spain

Acclamation for Queen Mary on May 13th, engraving from 1778



Nationaltheater Mannheim (copper engraving by the Klauber brothers, 1782)


Christian Schubart


First quarter

Second quarter

Carl Friedrich Gauss

Third quarter

Hans Christian Ørsted

Fourth Quarter

Heinrich von Kleist (1777–1811)
Alexander I of Russia

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Johann Heinrich Lambert, 1829

Died around 1777

Web links

Commons : 1777  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files