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Heads of State · necrology · Literature Year · Music Year

Spring Gardens in Hong Kong
The Treaty of Nanking ends the First Opium War .
Hong Kong becomes a British crown colony .
Title page of the first edition
The British weekly News of the World
appears for the first time.
The Great Comet of 1843
The daylight comet of 1843 , a member of the Kreutz group , is discovered.
1843 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1291/92 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1835/36 (September 11-12)
Bengali solar calendar 1248/49 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1899/1900 (April)
Buddhist calendar 2386/87 (southern Buddhism); 2385/86 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 75th (76th) cycle

Year of the water hare癸卯 ( at the beginning of the year water tiger 壬寅)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1205/06 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4176/77 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1221/22
Islamic calendar 1258/59 (turn of the year January 31st / February 1st)
Jewish calendar 5603/04 (September 24/25)
Coptic calendar 1559/60 (September 11-12)
Malayalam calendar 1018/19
Rumi Calendar (Ottoman Empire) 1258/59 (March 1)
Seleucid era Babylon: 2153/54 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2154/55 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1899/1900 (April)


Politics and world events


Princess Marie of Saxony-Altenburg after her wedding to George V.






science and technology


The Great Comet of 1843

mathematics and physics

Teaching and Research

Technical achievements


Visual arts

Thomas Cole : The Temple of Segesta

Music and theater

The Flying Dutchman 1843
Don Pasquale, 2nd act., Performed in Paris 1843
Dom Sébastien - scene from the 2nd act 1843/44


Title page of the first edition of A Christmas Carol , colored illustration by John Leech


Society and religion


Fire at the Berlin Opera


January February

William McKinley, 1900

March April

May June

Bertha von Suttner, 1906

July August

Camillo Golgi
The Kluppeneggerhof, Rosegger's birthplace in the " Waldheimat "

September October

November December

Robert Koch

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Friedrich Hölderlin, 1792

Second half of the year

Gaspard Gustave de Coriolis

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1843  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files