Gaspard Gustave de Coriolis

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Gaspard Gustave de Coriolis

Gaspard Gustave de Coriolis (born May 21, 1792 in Paris , † September 19, 1843 there ) was a French mathematician and physicist .


Coriolis was born the son of an officer and later industrialist. He attended the École polytechnique . After his father's death in 1816, the family needed money, and Coriolis took a job as a tutor in analysis and mechanics at the École polytechnique. During this time, he conducted research at different twist movements (eg. As Effet of billiard balls ) and provided the first precise definition of the kinetic energy and mechanical work . In extensive studies of the movements of bodies on rotating surfaces, he dealt extensively with the Coriolis force , later named after him , which is observed from a point of view within the system and the cause of which is the inertia of a body moving in a rotating system. Coriolis also published various papers on business mathematics . In 1836 he was accepted into the Académie des Sciences .

Coriolis was immortalized by name as one of 72 scientists and engineers on the Eiffel Tower .

In 1970 the lunar crater Coriolis was named after him. In addition, on November 9, 2006, the asteroid (16564) Coriolis was named after him.


  • You calcul de l'effet des machines. Carilian-Goeury, Paris 1829.
  • Traité de la mécanique des corps solides. 1844 (new edition of Calcul de l'effet des machines ).
  • Theory mathématique des effets du jeu de billard. 1835.
  • Sur les equations du mouvement relatif des systèmes de corps. 1835 (in this work the inertial force , later referred to as the Coriolis force, is discussed in detail under the name "composite centrifugal force", but without reference to the earlier discovery by Laplace in 1775).


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