German Physical Society
|German Physical Society V.
|Establishment date:||January 14, 1845|
|Number of members:||more than 55,000|
|Seat :||Bad Honnef|
The German Physical Society e. V. (DPG) is the oldest national and with more than 55,000 members (as of May 2020) also the largest physical society in the world. Their tradition dates back to 1845. It is a non-profit , registered association based in Bad Honnef . Its statutes stipulate that the DPG exclusively and directly serves physics .
The society emerged from the group of participants in the physical colloquium set up by Heinrich Gustav Magnus and was founded on January 14, 1845 in Berlin as the Physical Society of Berlin (PGzB). The founding members included Emil Du Bois-Reymond and Ernst Wilhelm von Brücke . On January 1, 1899, the German Physical Society emerged from it. After the Second World War, the DPG was dissolved by the Allies and only existed in the Association of German Physical Societies. It was re-established in 1963. The PGzB continues to exist as an independent association and regional association of the DPG. According to the preamble to its statutes, the DPG also ties in with the tradition of the German Society for Technical Physics, founded in 1919 . V. at.
Following German reunification, the GDR Physical Society was integrated into the DPG in 1990 . The DPG is based in Bad Honnef . This is also where the office is located, which has been headed by Managing Director Bernhard Nunner since 2004. Since 1976, the DPG has been the sponsor of the Bad Honnef Physics Center , where conferences take place in rapid succession. The DPG has a branch in Berlin-Mitte , in the Magnus House . The historical archive of the DPG is also located there.
The company works independently and also interferes in the public debate on relevant issues. For example, at a forum at the 51st meeting of the Society on April 2, 1987, scientists took the view that the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) planned by the USA was not feasible. It sees itself as a representation of physicists living in Germany to the public and is intended to promote the exchange of experiences among members and with foreign colleagues.
The DPG itself does not conduct any physical research, but with congresses it promotes the exchange of information on the latest physical findings. Around 10,000 experts from Germany and abroad meet for the traditional spring conferences of the DPG, which take place every year in various cities in Germany. These conferences regularly include the largest physics congress in Europe. In addition, a forum for women in physics was set up: the annual “ German Female Physicists Conference ”.
The promotion of young talent is another central concern of the DPG and so its conferences are a platform, especially for the younger generation. There, students can talk to well-known scientists. Within the DPG, the working group “ young DPG ” (jDPG), a nationwide network for schoolchildren, physics students and doctoral students, is dedicated to the interests of the next generation. The offer of the jDPG includes scientific aspects as well as professional preparation and work in the field of university policy.
In addition to promoting young talent, the DPG also offers numerous activities for physicists from the fields of industry and business. These are organized and carried out by the Industry and Business Working Group. In addition to the conference series Research - Development - Innovation, regional round tables and industrial discussions are offered in many places to exchange experiences.
Awards and honors
The DPG recognizes physical excellence with awards of international renown. The two most important are the “ Max Planck Medal for Theoretical Physics” and the “ Stern-Gerlach Medal for Experimental Physics”. Some awards - such as the “ Gustav Hertz Prize for Young Physicists” - serve to promote young talent, others - such as the Otto Hahn Prize - are awarded by the DPG in cooperation with organizations from Germany and abroad. In particular, these are the Max Born Prize with the British Institute of Physics , the Marian Smoluchowski-Emil-Warburg Physics Prize with the Polish Physical Society and the Gentner-Kastler Prize with the French Physical Society . With the medal for scientific journalism , the DPG honors personalities who have made a special contribution to presenting scientific facts in public. A badge of honor is awarded to members who have made an outstanding contribution to the interests of the DPG. In addition, the DPG awards high school graduates nationwide for outstanding physics performance. It supports student competitions such as the International Young Physicists' Tournament (IYPT), promotes innovative school projects and organizes advanced training for teachers.
Publications and public relations
The members' magazine - the Physik Journal - reports on news from physics and the DPG. Articles older than three years are available as open access. In addition, the DPG, together with the British Institute of Physics , publishes an electronic specialist magazine: the New Journal of Physics . All articles in this open access journal can be read and downloaded free of charge. The articles published here have passed a strict test procedure ( scientific peer review ). The conference program of the DPG appears under the name “Negotiations”, which lists the summaries (abstracts) of around 8,000 specialist presentations year after year.
The DPG participates in the dialogue between science and the public with popular science publications and public events. These activities also include the highlights of physics . This annual physics festival, which the DPG organizes together with the Federal Ministry of Education and Research, has around 30,000 visitors every year; this makes it the largest of its kind in Germany. The “World of Physics” web portal is operated by the DPG together with the Federal Ministry of Education and Research , and it is also aimed at non-specialists.
Chairperson and President of the DPG
Nobel Prize Winner
Living members who have been awarded a Nobel Prize:
- 1985 Klaus von Klitzing
- 1986 Gerd Binnig
- 1987 Johannes Georg Bednorz
- 1987 Karl Alexander Müller
- 1995 Paul Josef Crutzen
- 2001 Wolfgang Ketterle
- 2005 Theodor Hänsch
- 2007 Gerhard Ertl
- 2014 Stefan Walter Hell
- Mark Walker and Dieter Hoffmann (eds.): Physicists between autonomy and adaptation. The German Physical Society in the Third Reich . Wiley-VCH, Weinheim 2006, ISBN 3-527-40585-2
- Dieter Hoffmann (editor): Gustav Magnus and his house . Publishing house for the history of natural sciences and technology, Stuttgart 1995 (published on behalf of the German Physical Society)
- German Physical Society
- Physics center Bad Honnef
- Equal Opportunities Working Group
- Website of the jDPG
- Physical Society of Berlin
- Physics information sheet in detail
- Press release 11/2020: Lutz Schröter new President of the German Physical Society. Retrieved April 9, 2020 .
- pro-physik.de: obituary for Wilhelm Walcher ; Physik Journal 5 (2006) No. 2, pp. 44-45.
- pgzb.tu-berlin.de: The Physical Society of Berlin
- Statutes of the German Physical Society V.
- Spring the DPG
- Physik Journal 09/2011 p. 99 ff - Annual report 2010 of the DPG
- Industry and Economy Working Group (AIW)
- Research - Development - Innovation
- Previous winners of the medal for scientific journalism
- "Bonn makes physics visible"
- Scholarly Societies Project on journals of the DPG http://www.scholarly-societies.org/history/1845dpg.html ( Memento from January 5, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
- Former presidents at dpg-physik.de
- uni-heidelberg.de: Johanna Stachel takes over the presidency of the German Physical Society
- German Physical Society, list of members from 1845 to 1945