Werner Buckel

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Werner Buckel (born May 18, 1920 in Nördlingen , † February 3, 2003 in Karlsruhe ) was a German physicist . From 1960 until his retirement in 1985 he was full professor and director of the Physics Institute at the University of Karlsruhe .


After graduating from high school in Augsburg , he studied physics at the universities in Munich and Erlangen . After the interruption of his studies due to military service in World War II and the associated stay in the hospital, he was able to obtain a degree in physics in 1946. There followed a time as an assistant at the University of Erlangen and the doctorate (1948). In 1954 Werner Buckel completed his habilitation at the University of Göttingen . In 1959 he was offered a position at the Technical University of Aachen and in 1960 he moved to the Fridericiana in Karlsruhe. Despite offers from the University of Munich to head the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt in Braunschweig or the AEG research institutions, he stayed at the Technical University in Karlsruhe until his retirement in 1985. Werner Buckel was President of the German Physical Society (DPG) from 1971 to 1973 and President of the European Physical Society from 1986 to 1988 .

From 1972 to 1993 he was a representative of the DPG on the board of the Wilhelm and Else Heraeus Foundation .


His main scientific field of work was the investigation of superconductivity . He wrote the standard work on superconductivity: Fundamentals and applications . As part of his work with superconductors, he discovered amorphous metals during his time in Göttingen . From 1989 to 1992 he was editor of the journal Europhysics Letters . In the field of teaching, he was considered a good didactic.

In addition to his scientific work, Werner Buckel also assumed that natural scientists had social responsibility. So he was close to the anti-nuclear power movement and rejected the civil use of nuclear power without sufficient security. He campaigned for the spread of the use of solar energy and promoted relevant studies and investigations at his institute as early as the early 1980s. In 1984 he was the editor of the book “ Thinking instead of upgrading: Scientists for peace ”.


Buckel received an honorary doctorate from the Universities of Gießen (1982) and Göttingen (1985). In 1984 he received the highest award for low temperature physicists, the Fritz London Memorial Award . In 1990 he was awarded the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, 1st class. In 1999 he became an honorary member of the DPG. He was a member of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences (1968), the Leopoldina (1975) and the Academy of Sciences of the GDR (1988).

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Individual evidence

  1. ^ History of the Heraeus Foundation