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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

Louis XVI  in coronation regalia
Louis XVI ascends the throne of France. He becomes the last king of the Ancien Régime .
Sultan Abdul Hamid I.
Abdülhamid I becomes Sultan of
the Ottoman Empire .
The Sorrows of Young Werther, title page of the first print
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe published
the Sturm und Drang -Werk The Sorrows of Young Werther .
1774 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1222/23 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1766/67 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1179/80 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2317/18 (southern Buddhism); 2316/17 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 74th (75th) cycle

Year of the wood horse甲午 ( at the beginning of the year water snake癸巳)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1136/37 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4107/08 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1152/53 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1187/88 (March 13-14)
Jewish calendar 5534/35 (September 5-6)
Coptic calendar 1490/91 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 949/950
Seleucid era Babylon: 2084/85 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2085/86 (New Year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1830/31 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

England and its American colonies

British rape of the personification of Boston, caricature by Paul Revere
The citizens of Boston “pay” the tax collector, cartoon by Paul Revere

Europe and Asia

Friedrich Karl Joseph von Erthal, Archbishop and Elector of Mainz
Johann Ignaz von Felbiger

Australia and Oceania


science and technology


Literature and theater

Illustration for the 1st act of "Götz" by Johann Heinrich Ramberg

Music and musical theater

Christoph Willibald Gluck



nature and environment


First quarter

Second quarter

Francis Beaufort

Third quarter

Caspar David Friedrich in his studio, 1819

Fourth Quarter

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Louis XV., 1748

Second half of the year

Web links

Commons : 1774  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files