Pierre Rode

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Pierre Rode

Jacques Pierre Joseph Rode (born February 16, 1774 in Bordeaux , † November 25, 1830 in the Château de Bourbon near Damazan , Département Lot-et-Garonne ) was a French violinist and composer .


Rode received his first violin lessons from 1780, for eight years with André-Joseph Fauvel (around 1756–1834). At the age of 12 he gave his first concerts in his hometown. In 1787 he traveled to Paris on Fauvel's recommendation and became a master student of the famous Giovanni Battista Viotti , with whose 13th violin concerto he made his debut in Paris in 1790.

His success with other violin concertos by Viotti was so great that in 1795 he received a professorship at the newly founded Paris Conservatory . With the violinists Pierre Baillot and Rodolphe Kreutzer , he developed the Conservatoire's official violin method, published in 1802 .

Extensive tours have taken him through the Netherlands, Germany, England and Spain. In Madrid he made friends with Luigi Boccherini .

From 1800 to 1803 Rode worked as a violin soloist in Napoleon's private chapel . Rode's admirers included the young Louis Spohr , who adopted Rode's style after hearing it in Braunschweig in 1803.

From 1804 to 1808 Rode stayed at the court of Tsar Alexander I in Saint Petersburg and also gave concerts in Moscow. When Rode was in Vienna in 1811 , Ludwig van Beethoven wrote his last violin sonata for him (No. 10, Op. 96) . Rode lived in Berlin between 1814 and 1819.

Rode wrote chamber music, but the basis of his compositions remained Viotti's concerts , which served as models for his own. His works were seldom performed, but had a major influence on the development of the romantic violin concerto. His last appearance, which ended in a fiasco, was in Paris in 1828. Here the signs of paralysis were already evident, from which he died in 1830.

Rode's most famous student was Joseph Böhm , who in turn passed his knowledge on to Joseph Joachim , Jakob Dont , Georg Hellmesberger and others.


  • op. 10 - Air varié in G major for violin and piano (or string trio), 1808; a standard work by the singer Angelica Catalani
  • 24 Capricios for solo violin (created during the Berlin period)
  • 13 violin concerts
  • around 15 string quartets
  • Douze Etudes pour Violon (12 etudes for violin), Oeuvre posthume, published as No. 1994 in the Litolff Collection

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