Pierre Baillot

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Pierre Baillot

Pierre Marie François de Sales Baillot (born October 1, 1771 in Passy near Paris , † September 15, 1842 in Paris) was a French violinist and composer .


Pierre Baillot received his first lessons at the age of seven from the Florentine Polidori; Sainte-Marie, a French violinist, continued it in Paris in 1780; here Viotti's game made a great impression on the boy. In 1783 the young Baillot followed his father to Bastia , where he died shortly afterwards. Boucheporn, the royal director in Corsica , took on the boy's upbringing and sent him to Rome , where he stayed for thirteen months and took further lessons from Pollani, a pupil of Nardini .

After long journeys on which he had followed his protector to various cities in France, and returned to Paris in 1791, Viotti's mediation gave him a position in the orchestra of the Théâtre Feydeau , but resigned it after only five months to take up a post in the Ministry of Finance .

However, this did not prevent him from continuing his musical studies, and after he had repeatedly been heard in public with applause, he entered the Paris Conservatory of Music as a violin teacher in 1795 , initially temporarily to represent his colleague Rode, but soon afterwards , since he had meanwhile fixed himself in Russia , with a permanent position.

His pedagogical effectiveness, which was now beginning, was consecrated, as it were, by the violin school he wrote on behalf of the institution's teaching committee in collaboration with Pierre Rode and Rodolphe Kreutzer , the editing of which was left to him all the more than his scientific education and his under the direction of Catel , Reichas and Cherubinis carried out composition studies made him particularly suitable for this work. On the basis of this work, Baillot can be considered the head of the modern French violin school.

Apart from a stay in Russia from 1805 to 1809, Paris was and remained the actual location of his activity. Already employed in 1802 in the chapel of the First Consul, he rose to the rank of first violinist in the royal chapel in 1827 and remained a member of the chapel after the change of dynasty. He died in Paris on September 15, 1842.

Above all, he deserves the credit of having determined the solid direction of this school through his string quartet productions, which he began in 1814 and continued until his death .

Works (selection)

As a composer, Baillot has enriched the literature of his instrument with a large number of works; In 1835 he also published a violin school under the title: L'art du violon , which was as widespread as the one mentioned above. 24 etudes for violin and accompaniment of a second violin from 1851, as a follow-up to the above-mentioned work L'Art du violon . His method for violoncello and accompanying bass dates back to 1804.

  • 9 Violin Concertos No. 1, Op. 3 (1801) / No. 2, Op. 6 (1804) / No. 3, Op. 7 (1804) / No. 4, Op. 10 (1805) / No. 5, Op. 13 (1807 ) / No. 6 op. 18 (1809) / No. 7 op. 21 (1809) / No. 8 op. 22 (1809) / No. 9 op. 30 (1840)
  • Symphonie concertante op. 38 (1817) for 2 violins and orchestra
  • 6 Trios op.1 for 2 violins and cello (1800)
  • Douze Études ou caprices pour le violon op.2 (1803)
  • 3 Trios op.4 for 2 violins and cello (1800)
  • 3 Duos op.8 (1804)
  • 3 Airs francais op.15 for solo violin, 2nd violin, viola, cello
  • 3 Duos op.16 (1811)
  • 3 Airs russes op.20 for violin and piano (or 2nd violin, viola, cello)
  • 3 Airs variés for violin and piano op.31 (1814)
  • Andante op.29
  • Menuet de Handel op. 31 No. 2 for violin and piano / orchestra
  • Sonata for violin and piano op.32 (1820)
  • Trois nocturnes op.39 (1831)
  • 24 Etudes op. Posh. for violin solo


Web links

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