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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

Contemporary engraving of the Siege of Gibraltar in 1727
The Anglo-Spanish War begins with the siege of Gibraltar .
George I.
King George I of Great Britain dies.
Tsar Peter II 1728
Peter II becomes Emperor of Russia .
1727 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1175/76 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1719/20 (turn of the year 11th / 12th September)
Bengali solar calendar 1132/33 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2270/71 (southern Buddhism); 2269/70 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 73rd (74th) cycle

Year of the fire sheep丁未 ( at the beginning of the year fire horse 丙午)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1089/90 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4060/61 (October 2-3)
Iranian calendar 1105/06
Islamic calendar 1139/40 (turn of the year 18/19 August)
Jewish calendar 5487/88 (September 15/16)
Coptic calendar 1443/44 (September 11-12)
Malayalam calendar 902/903
Seleucid era Babylon: 2037/38 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2038/39 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1783/84 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events


  • May 17th : After the death of the Empress Catherine I , the grandson of Peter I , the minor Peter II , takes over the Russian throne according to the will of the Empress . According to Katharina's will, the only 12-year-old Tsar is under the tutelage of her confidante Alexander Danilowitsch Menshikov and her two daughters Anna and Elisabeth . Elisabeth shows no political ambitions, however, and the ambitious Menshikov causes Anna to leave for Kiel in order to further expand his position of power at court.
Menshikov exiled in Beryosov , painting by Vasily Surikov

Great Britain / Spain

  • January 1 : In a note, Spain announces the passage in the Treaty of Utrecht which guarantees the Kingdom of Great Britain the possession of Gibraltar .
  • February 11th : The Anglo-Spanish War begins with Spain's attack on Gibraltar . It soon became apparent that the Spaniards were at a disadvantage. The British fleet limited the attack possibilities to the narrow headland, which, however, was under fire from the British fortress artillery. The Spanish general De las Torres therefore plans to first destroy the fortifications with artillery fire and then storm them with his infantry. On March 24th, the Spanish guns were positioned so far that the bombing could begin. This lasts ten days and causes numerous damage to the British positions, which can only be insufficiently repaired even with the help of all civilians in the fortress. Another bombardment took place from May 7th to 20th, putting numerous British guns out of action. But then the supplies of powder and cannonballs failed. After Spain failed to expand the war to Europe and after a few skirmishes in Paris on May 31, a preliminary peace was concluded between Great Britain and the Holy Roman Empire , an armistice was also concluded outside Gibraltar on June 23 .
George II in coronation regalia
Caroline as the British Queen


  • March 9 : The West African kingdom of Dahomey conquers the neighboring kingdom of Sahé under King Dossou Agadja . Its capital Ajudá is renamed Ouidah , the previous king Hufon is newly appointed as prince. The march of conquest was made possible primarily by a shock squad of female cavalry, which later became a dynastic tradition.



Money economy

  • The Royal Bank of Scotland is established by royal statute . This is intended to facilitate loans to the British Crown, as the Bank of Scotland , which was already in existence, can only grant loans to the state with the consent of the Scottish Parliament.

Business start-ups and recruitment


science and technology


Visual arts

The Marian column

Music and theater

Title page of the libretto, music by Attilio Ariosti
The castrato Senesino and the prima donna Faustina Bordoni at the world premiere of Admeto
Religious music



Disasters, nature and the environment

  • The Icelandic volcano Hvannadalshnúkur erupts and puts an end to settlement in its vicinity for the time being.


January to April

Maximilian Joseph as electoral prince

May to August


September to December

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Isaac Newton, 1702
Catherine's tomb

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1727  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files