|Area :||6.88 km²|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||17,069 (Dec. 31, 2016)|
|Postal code :||66-100|
|Telephone code :||(+48) 68|
|License plate :||FZI|
|Economy and Transport|
|Street :||Świnoujście – Lubawka|
|Rail route :||Zbąszynek – Gubin|
|Next international airport :||Poznań-Ławica|
The city is located in the southeast of the Lubusz Voivodeship, six kilometers north of the Oder knee , where the river turns west. This is where the two national roads 3 and 32 cross , and the voivodeship capital Zielona Góra (Grünberg) is 15 kilometers to the south.
The area around the later Züllichau had been settled since the fourth century AD. In the 10th century it was conquered by the Wielkopolska Empire under Mieszko I , after its disintegration from 1138 to the then Polish Duchy of Silesia . The city was founded in the course of the settlement efforts of the Silesian dukes around 1250. The city of Züllichau was first mentioned in documents in 1319. Since important trade routes crossed in the city, it quickly developed into an important trading center. From 1482 to 1945 Züllichau belonged to Brandenburg and thus to the German Reich territory.
Early modern age
In 1537, the Züllichow district was acquired by the margrave Hans von Küstrin , who incorporated it into Neumark , which he ruled at the time , and had the Reformation carried out in its towns in the same year. With the arrival of immigrants from Franconia and Flanders , a new and profitable branch of the economy emerged with the weaving trade. By the end of the 16th century the population doubled to 4,000. During the Thirty Years' War , Züllichau was captured first by Swedish and then by imperial troops in 1631, and in 1632 it was again attacked by soldiers passing through. Züllichau had to cope with further setbacks due to two large city fires in 1557 and 1687.
19th and 20th centuries
The 19th century was characterized by further positive urban development. As a result of the Prussian administrative reform, Züllichau became the district town of the extensive Züllichau-Schwiebus district . The traditional textile industry had developed into a powerful textile industry. The expansion of the country roads, the connection to the Guben – Posen railway line in 1870 and the opening of the Odereck ( Cigacice ) port in 1898 encouraged the establishment of new industrial companies such as metal processing. The population rose to over 8,000.
The beginning of the 20th century was characterized by brisk construction activity, in which a new district administration building, the rifle house and numerous villas were built. The loss of most of the province of Poznan after World War I had a very negative effect on Züllichau's economy, as it was now on the border with Poland. Due to the influx of many Germans from parts of the eastern provinces, who had to be ceded to the Second Polish Republic after the First World War due to the Treaty of Versailles , the population increased again.
In the 1930s, Züllichau was a large garrison location for the German Wehrmacht .
Towards the end of World War II , when the city was conquered by Soviet troops in early 1945, it was severely damaged . After the war ended, Züllichau was placed under Polish administration. The German population was evicted by the local Polish administrative authority and replaced by Poles. The German city of Züllichau was given the Polish name Sulechów .
- 1719: 4094
- 1801: 5386
- 1858: 5580
- 1875: 7378
- 1880: 7535
- 1890: 7000, including 696 Catholics and 96 Jews
- 1933: 9601
- 1939: 9844
- In the Aleja Wielkopolska is the Züllichau Palace , a late classicist building. Inside there is a chapel built in 1701 for King Friedrich I.
- In the center of the city is the cruciform church with building elements of different styles and a winged altar from 1767.
- Also in the center is the old town hall , the oldest parts of which date from the 16th century.
- Parts of the city wall and the baroque Crossen Gate have been preserved from the medieval city fortifications .
For the urban and rural community (gmina miejsko-wiejska) Sulechów, in addition to the city itself, 25 other localities.
Born in Züllichau / Sulechów
- Johann Gottfried Rösner (1658–1724), as mayor, a victim of the Thorner Blood Court
- Caspar Neumann (1683–1737), pharmacist and chemist
- Gotthelf Samuel Steinbart (1738–1809), theologian and philosopher
- Johann Gottfried Ebel (1764-1830), writer
- Carl Friedrich Ernst Frommann (1765–1837), publisher and bookseller, foster father of Wilhelmine Herzlieb
- Samuel Ludwig Löffler (1769–1836), German civil servant
- Johann Gotthilf Seliger (1769–1835), theologian, philosopher, archdeacon
- Wilhelmine Herzlieb (1789–1865), model for the "Ottilie" in Goethe's "Elective Affinities"
- Paul Anton Fedor Konstantin Possart (1808–1860), private scholar and librarian
- Hermann Marggraff (1809–1864), writer
- Benno von Massow (1827–1904), Prussian lieutenant general
- Paul Kaiser (1852–1917), Lutheran pastor, writer and song poet
- Wilhelm Georg Koeltze (1852–1939), lawyer and local politician
- Friedrich Karl Gramsch (1860–1923), administrative lawyer
- Rüdiger Graf von der Goltz (1865–1946) Lieutenant General, Free Corps Leader in the Baltic States and opponent of the Weimar Republic
- Karl Schmidt (1898–1969), District President
- Gotthilf Bronisch (1900–1982), lawyer in New York City
- Gerhard Speidel (1923–1992), forest scientist
- Hans-Georg Arlt (1927–2011), violinist
- Fred Wiznerowicz (* 1938), engineer and university professor
- Sieghard-Carsten Kampf (* 1942), politician, medical director of the Catholic Marienkrankenhaus Hamburg
- Klaus-Dieter Ludwig (1943–2016), rower and Olympic champion in the eighth
- Olga Tokarczuk (born January 29, 1962), writer, Nobel Prize in Literature 2018
- Łukasz Żygadło (* 1979), volleyball player
- Mela Koteluk (* 1985), singer - indie pop
- Tymoteusz Puchacz (* 1999), football player
Other personalities associated with the city
- Jeremias Josephi (1671–1729), teacher, court preacher and song poet, deputy principal in Züllichau
- Carl Peter Wilhelm Gramberg (1797–1830), theologian and educator
- Theodor Kullak (1818–1882), composer, trained in Züllichau
On September 28, 1828, Frédéric Chopin gave a spontaneous concert while passing through. The pedagogue and author Georg Stoeckert (1843–1894) was a teacher at the Züllichau pedagogy and probably also chairman of the city council. He died in Züllichau in 1894.
- W. Riehl and J. Scheu (eds.): Berlin and the Mark Brandenburg with the Margraviate Nieder-Lausitz in their history and in their present existence . Berlin 1861, pp. 513-516.
- Karl August Müller: Patriotic images, or history and description of all castles and knight palaces in Silesia and the county of Glatz. Second edition, Glogau 1844, pp. 218–210.
- Eduard Ludwig Wedekind : New chronicle of the city of Züllichau from the first times of its creation to the present time . G. Sporleder, Züllichau 1846 ( Google Books ).
- Eduard Ludwig Wedekind: New Chronicle of the City of Züllichau from the first times of its creation to the present day . Züllichau 1846, p. 30.
- Eduard Ludwig Wedekind: New Chronicle of the City of Züllichau from the first times of its creation to the present day . Züllichau 1846, p. 138.
- Eduard Ludwig Wedekind: New Chronicle of the City of Züllichau from the first times of its creation to the present day . Züllichau 1846, pp. 201–203.
- W. Riehl and J. Scheu (eds.): Berlin and the Mark Brandenburg with the Margraviate Nieder-Lausitz in their history and in their current existence . Berlin 1861, pp. 513-516.
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. zuellichau.html. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).