Anna Petrovna

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Anna Petrovna (painting by Ivan Nikititsch Nikitin)

Anna Petrovna ( Russian Анна Петровна * January 26 jul. / 6. February  1708 greg. In Moscow , † March 4 jul. / 15. March  1728 greg. In Kiel ) was the eldest daughter of Peter the Great and his second Wife Martha Skawronskaja (later Catherine I. ) She was the mother of Peter III.

The President of the Privy Council of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf, Henning Friedrich von Bassewitz , tried to marry the young Duke Karl Friedrich von Holstein-Gottorf to one of the Tsar's daughters so that the Duke could, on the one hand, win back the Gottorf shares in the Duchy of Schleswig of Denmark with the help of the Tsar , as well as support to gain the Swedish throne. He succeeded when in November 1724 a marriage contract between Anna and Karl Friedrich was signed. However, the couple had to forego the throne of the tsar for themselves and their descendants. The wedding took place after the death of the tsar on June 1, 1725. During the reign of Catherine I, the couple suffered from Menshikov's intrigues and immediately after the death of the Empress, who, bypassing her daughters Anna and Elisabeth, had appointed the son of her late stepson Tsarevich Alexei, later Peter II , as her successor, Leave Russia .

Soon after the birth of their son Karl Peter Ulrich, who was named Peter III in 1762 . ascended the Russian throne, Anna died of consumption in 1728 . Her body was later transferred to Saint Petersburg and, after a proper burial in the Peter and Paul Cathedral, was buried next to the other family members.


  • Winkler Prins' Geillustreerde Encyclopaedie (1905), Eerste Deel A-Arabie , p. 705
  • Je.W. Ptschelow: Monarchs of Russia (Монархи России), Olma-Press, Moscow 2003, page 432

Web links

Commons : Anna Petrovna  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Dansk Biografisk Leksikon: Henning Friedrich v. Bassewitz , Dansk Biografisk Leksikon. Besøkt 12 jan. 2014 (Danish)