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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

The earthquake in Sicily
A severe earthquake shakes the island of Sicily ,
killing around 60,000 people.
Flyer on Destruction, 1693
In the Palatinate War of Succession , the city of Heidelberg is taken by French troops and Heidelberg Castle is partially blown up.
"Monsieur Charpentier" from Pierre Landry's Almanach Royale (1682);  probably Marc-Antoine Charpentier
The opera Médée
by Marc-Antoine Charpentier
is premiered in Paris.
1693 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1141/42 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1685/86 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1098/99 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2236/37 (southern Buddhism); 2235/36 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 73rd (74th) cycle

Year of the water tap癸酉 ( at the beginning of the year water monkey 壬申)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1055/56 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4026/27 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1071/72
Islamic calendar 1104/05 (turn of the year 1st / 2nd September)
Jewish calendar 5453/54 (September 30th / October 1st)
Coptic calendar 1409/10 (September 10/11)
Malayalam calendar 868/869
Seleucid era Babylon: 2003/04 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2004/05 (New Year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1749/50 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

War of the Palatinate Succession

Other events in Europe


  • February 27 : The world's first women's magazine appears in London under the title The Ladies' Mercury . A few weeks later, the magazine initiated by the bookseller John Dunton ends.


Architecture and fine arts

The plague column at the moat

Music and theater


  • In London's St. James Street, Francis White founded a Chocolate House , later called White's Club .


  • 9 / 11 January : Severe earthquakes shake the island of Sicily , Italy, about 60,000 deaths.
  • June 7th : Parts of the Ottoman capital Istanbul are destroyed in a fire.
  • Winter 1693/1694: The extremely cold winter kills hundreds of thousands of people in France.
  • 1692–1694: Various epidemics such as dysentery, typhus, influenza and other febrile diseases are rampant in Italy, France and southwestern Germany.


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1693  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files