Martin Weise (doctor)

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Martin way
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Matthäus Merian (1593–1650): Siege of Bautzen in 1620

Martin Weise (born September 9th July / September 19,  1605 greg. In Lübben , † March 16, 1693 in Berlin ) was a German medic.

life and work

Martin Weise was born as the son of Theodor Weise († around 1615) and his wife Margarethe born. Donke († 1611) born. His father came from Scotland and was a councilor in Lübben. From 1619 Martin Weise attended grammar school in Bautzen and, after the destruction of Bautzen, grammar school in Stettin . From 1622 to 1624 he studied medicine at the Viadrina Frankfurt (Oder) and then at the University of Wittenberg , where he heard lectures from Daniel Sennert , among other things . After the outbreak of the plague he traveled to Bohemia and Silesia , after his return to Wittenberg and his disputation in 1628 he received his licentiate . 1629 he became a doctor graduated and moved to Berlin, where he worked as a general practitioner working. Imperial and Swedish generals sought his advice, and so the Brandenburg Elector Georg Wilhelm became aware of him. In 1631 Georg Wilhelm appointed him his personal physician . He also remained in this position because in 1635 he refused an appointment as professor at Wittenberg. He received great recognition for his work in 1638 when he healed the seriously ill Prince Elector Friedrich Wilhelm , who later went down in history as the Great Elector. He also served as his personal physician. How appreciated the doctor, celebrated by Martin Friedrich Seidel (1621–1693) as the “Brandenburg Hippocrates”, was shown in 1645 when 14 royal and princely persons asked him for advice during a trip to Hornhausen , including the widowed Queen of Sweden Maria Eleonora . In 1685 he became dean of the Collegium Medicum. After the death of the Great Elector in 1688, he became the personal physician of his successor Friedrich III. , later the first king in Prussia.

In 1631 he married Catharina Berchelmann († March 4, 1671), with whom he had four sons and four daughters, including the doctor Martin Weise the Elder. J. († 1671), the royal Prussian Privy Councilor Gottfried Weise, who died at the age of 90 in the 1750s, and Johann Jakob Weise, who became the royal Prussian councilor and personal physician. His daughter Anna Rosina (died after 1699) married the electoral councilor and court judge Dr. Gabriel Luther (1612–1672) and his daughter Catharina Elisabeth (1644–1673) the electoral councilor and mayor of Cölln Joachim Ernst Seidel.


  • under Daniel Sennert: Dissertatio de febribus symptomaticis . Wittenberg 1628.
  • under Daniel Sennert, with Johann Georg Laurentius and Jeremias Girnt: Dissertatio de hypochondriaca affectione . Wittenberg 1628.
  • Theses De Melancholia . Wittenberg 1629.
  • Clio Brandenburgica . (Latin poems; not preserved)
  • De archiatris Brandenburgicis . (Article on the history of medicine in Brandenburg; not preserved)


  • Acta medicorum Berolinensium. Decad. II, Volume III, Berlin 1724, pp. 2-6
  • Christian Wilhelm Kestner : Medicinisches Scholar Lexicon. Jena 1740, pp. 911-912
  • George Gottfried Küster : Martin Friedrich Seidel's picture collection, in which one hundred well-deserved men, mostly bored in the Margraviate of Brandenburg, are presented. Verlag des Buchladen bey der Real-Schule, Berlin 1751, pp. 191–195, with picture on p. 399
  • Johann Gottlob Wilhelm Dunkel : Historical-critical news from deceased scholars and their writings . Volume 3, part 3. Cöthen and Dessau 1759, pp. 616–619, no. 2722.
  • Johann Wilhelm Neumann : Martin Weise, personal physician and councilor of Friedrich Wilhelm the great Churfüsten, a Niederlausitzer. In: Contributions to the history and antiquity of Lower Lusatia. 1. Delivery, Gotsch, Lübben 1835, pp. 129–137 ( online )
  • Oskar Schwebel: A Brandenburg personal doctor. In: The Bear. Volume 15, 1889, pp. 482-484 and 492-494
  • Julius PagelWise, Martin . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 41, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1896, p. 538.
  • Genealogical handbook of middle class families. Volume 11, Berlin 1904, pp. 16-18
  • Haberling: Wise, Martin . In: August Hirsch : Biographical lexicon of outstanding doctors of all times and peoples . 2nd Edition. Reviewed and supplemented by Wilhelm Haberling , Franz Hübotter and Hermann Vierordt. Urban & Schwarzenberg, Berlin [et al.] 1934, volume 5, p. 883.
  • Walter Artelt : Medical science and medical practice in old Berlin in personal reports. Urban & Schwarzenberg, Berlin 1948, p. 21
  • Fritz Roth : Complete evaluations of funeral sermons and personal documents for genealogical and cultural-historical purposes. Volume 4, self-published, Boppard / Rhein 1965, pp. 249–250, no. R 3469
  • Rolf Winau : personal physicians of the great elector. In: Medical history in our time. Stuttgart 1971, pp. 215-216 and 221-222
  • Gustav Früh, Hans Goedecke and Hans Jürgen von Wilckens: The funeral sermons of the Braunschweig City Archives. Volume 9, Lower Saxony State Association for Family Studies eV, Hanover 1985, pp. 4354–4355
  • Oliver Sander: The personal physicians of the Great Elector and the emergence of the Brandenburg medical edict of 1685. In: Yearbook for Brandenburg State History (JBLG). Volume 48, 1997, pp. 100-112
  • Jürgen Splett: Wise, Martin . In: Lothar Noack and Jürgen Splett: Bio-Bibliographien - Brandenburg scholars of the early modern period. Berlin - Cölln 1640–1688 . Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1997, ISBN 3-05-002840-8 , pp. 477-481.
  • Rolf Winau : Wise, Martin. In: Friedrich Beck and Eckart Henning (eds.): Brandenburgisches Biographisches Lexikon (= individual publication by the Brandenburg Historical Commission eV, Volume 5). Verlag für Berlin-Brandenburg, Potsdam 2002, ISBN 3-935035-39-X , p. 412.
  • Hans Theodor Koch: The Wittenberg Medical Faculty (1502–1652) - A biobibliographical overview. In: Stefan Oehmig: Medicine and social affairs in Central Germany during the Reformation . Evangelische Verlagsanstalt, Leipzig 2007, ISBN 978-3-374-02437-7 , p. 335.

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