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Robert Walpole
Sir Robert Walpole
becomes the first
British Prime Minister
at 10 Downing Street .
The title page of the 1st edition of Systema Naturae, in which Linnaeus presents his system for the classification of the three natural kingdoms for the first time
his work Systema Naturae, Carl von Linné introduces
the taxonomy
in the three natural kingdoms .
Kurhannoversches Infantry Regiment von Behr during the review at Bemerode
At Bemerode there is a big “ army show ” of
the Braunschweig-Lüneburg army .
1735 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1183/84 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1727/28 (turn of the year 11/12 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1140/41 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2278/79 (southern Buddhism); 2277/78 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 73rd (74th) cycle

Year of the wooden hare乙卯 ( at the beginning of the year wooden tiger 甲寅)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1097/98 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4068/69 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1113/14
Islamic calendar 1147/48 (turn of the year 23/24 May)
Jewish calendar 5495/96 (September 16-17)
Coptic calendar 1451/52 (September 11-12)
Malayalam calendar 910/911
Seleucid era Babylon: 2045/46 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2046/47 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1791/92 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Great Britain

War of the Polish Succession

Holy Roman Empire

Karl I of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel

Other events in Europe

  • January 17th : Alvise Pisani is elected Doge of Venice to succeed Carlo Ruzzini , who died on January 5th , probably with the help of bribes. He enjoys the reputation of a curmudgeon in Venice , but his election is celebrated over three days with lavish festivities, balls and evening fireworks, as well as generous gifts, bread and money for the people.

South American colonies

Map of the theater of the Spanish-Portuguese War 1735–1737
  • In the wake of the War of the Polish Succession, tensions arise between the governments of Portugal and Spain . In February, some Portuguese diplomatic representatives were arrested in Spain, whereupon Portugal sought English help in London, citing the assistance pact of 1703. England then sends a poorly equipped fleet under Admiral John Norris , which arrives in Portugal on June 9th . Its mission is not to get involved in a war against Spain under any circumstances unless Portugal is attacked directly.
  • April 18 : The Spanish Foreign Minister José de Patiño y Rosales orders the Governor of Buenos Aires Miguel de Salcedo y Sierralta not to wait for a formal declaration of war, but to attack and take Colonia del Sacramento by surprise.
  • July 29th : With the capture of a Portuguese merchant ship by Spanish pirates, the officially never declared Spanish-Portuguese War begins , which is almost exclusively fought in the South American colonies . On September 15th, another ship is captured by the Spaniards.
  • October 20 : A Spanish force appears outside the Portuguese city of Colonia del Sacramento . A first attack on the city fails on November 5th .
  • November 9th : The Spanish begin the siege of Sacramento. Attempts to storm the city failed on December 10 after a twelve-day bombardment.

North Africa and Middle East

Empire of China

Emperor Yongzheng and his son Hongli, who later became Emperor Qianlong
  • October 8 : After the death of Yongzheng , his fourth son Hongli becomes the fourth emperor of the Qing Dynasty in China . Hongli is one of the best trained emperors in Chinese history . His father-overseen studies included humanistic education, poetry, calligraphy and painting, showing himself talented in all areas. Besides Chinese and Manchurian, he also speaks Mongolian, Uighur and Tibetan. The prince has often acted as regent in the absence of his father and was involved in political decisions by him. Hongli ascends the Chinese throne under the era name Qianlong . As a first measure, the new emperor decides to dismiss all members of the imperial clan from important offices. Qianlong deeply distrusts his extended relatives and fears factional conflicts within the court such as those that occurred during his grandfather's final years in office. Even his brothers and cousins, who were brought up with him at the palace school, do not trust him. The princes are consistently excluded from the government.


science and technology


Visual arts

Music and theater

Title page of the text book


Historical maps and views

The Grand Council of Bern 1735


First half of the year

Second half of the year

John Adams

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1735


First half of the year

Tomb of Duke Ludwig Rudolf in Braunschweig Cathedral
Rákóczi's tomb in the Elisabeth Cathedral in Košice

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

  • Robert Drury , English navigator and shipwrecked man in Madagascar (* 1687 )
  • Husain I. ibn Ali , Bey of Tunis and founder of the Husainid dynasty
  • Mehmed Raşid , Ottoman historian and poet (* around 1670 )
  • Perkeo , court dwarf of the Electoral Palatinate and guardian of the large barrel in Heidelberg Castle (* 1702 )

Died around 1735

Web links

Commons : 1735  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files