from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Portal history | Portal Biographies | Current events | Annual calendar

| 17th century | 18th century | 19th century |
| 1760s | 1770s | 1780s | 1790s | 1800s | 1810s | 1820s |
◄◄ | | 1794 | 1795 | 1796 | 1797 | 1798 | 1799 | 1800 | 1801 | 1802 | | ►►

Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

French invasion and the Helvetic Revolution in 1798
In Switzerland it comes to the French invasion
and establishing the Helvetic Republic .
Theobald Wolfe Tone
Theobald Wolfe Tone leads the Irish Rebellion of 1798 .
General Bonaparte in Cairo (painting by Jean-Léon Gérôme)
Napoleon Bonaparte embarks on the Egyptian expedition .
1798 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1246/47 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1790/91 (September 10-11)
Bengali solar calendar 1203/1204 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2341/42 (southern Buddhism); 2340/41 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 74th (75th) cycle

Year of the Earth-Horse戊午 ( at the beginning of the year Fire-Snake 丁巳)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1160/61 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4131/32 (October 2/3)
French revolutionary calendar Year VI./VII. of the Republic (September 21/22)
Iranian calendar 1176/77
Islamic calendar 1212/13 (turn of the year June 14/15)
Jewish calendar 5558/59 (September 10-11)
Coptic calendar 1514/15 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 973/974
Seleucid era Babylon: 2108/09 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2109/10 (New Year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1854/55 (April)


Politics and world events

Revolutionary wars in Europe and the Mediterranean

Germany / France
The last day of old Bern , painting by Friedrich Walthard
Contemporary depiction of the Battle of Neuenegg
Flag of the Roman Republic 1798/99
Symbols of the United Irishmen: the uncrowned harp and the Jacobin cap
  • May 23 : A French-backed uprising against the British breaks out in Ireland . The organizer of the uprising is the Society of United Irishmen under the leadership of Theobald Wolfe Tone . Through treason and the work of informants, the British Army found out about the project immediately before it began and prevented the rebels from conquering Dublin . Despite this unexpected setback, the insurgents manage to take the surrounding counties around Dublin. The rebellion quickly spreads to other counties. In some cases, however, the British Army can quickly put them down again, and in some cases all of the people suspected of the rebellion are killed or arrested by loyalists. In return, the rebels' anger is usually directed against wealthy Protestants. The British Army can put down most uprisings in a matter of days, preventing a full rebellion across the country. Only County Wexford can be held by the rebels for a long time, but the rebellion effectively ends with the defeat at the Battle of Vinegar Hill on June 21 , when 20,000 British soldiers invade the county. Only a few troops were fighting with the British Army until July 14th .
  • On August 22nd, 2,000 French soldiers land in County Mayo , where they help about 5,000 insurgents to defeat British troops in the Battle of Castlebar . After this victory they proclaim the Republic of Connaught , which will last until the British victory over the rebel and French forces on September 8th .
Map of Ireland with Tory Island and the location of the sea battle
  • October 12th : Another unit of French troops wants to land in County Donegal, but the British navy is able to intercept the units at sea and defeat them in the sea ​​battle at Tory Island . Theobald Wolfe Tone is found and arrested on board the captured French flagship. Over the next two weeks, British frigate patrols combed the passage to Brest and captured three more ships.
  • November 19 : Theobald Wolfe Tone commits suicide after being sentenced to death for high treason.
Egyptian expedition
Battle of the pyramids
The Battle of Abukir, contemporary painting by Thomas Luny


United States 1798
The battle between USS Constellation and Insurgente in a quasi-war (William Bainbridge Hoff)
  • July 7th : With the annulment of treaties with France by the United States Congress , quasi-war breaks out between the two states, an undeclared war that is only fought at sea. US Navy squadrons run out and attack French privateers. In the face of increasing piracy in the Mediterranean and looting by privateers of revolutionary France , Congress has already seen itself compelled to build a navy to protect the growing sea trade.
  • Georgia is the last of the US states to ban the slave trade; only trading, the use of slaves is still possible.


Pacific Ocean


science and technology



Architecture and fine arts


The guarantee in the Musenalmanach from 1799

Music and theater

The creation , invitation to the oratorio of the same name



First quarter

Wilhelm Arnoldi

Second quarter

August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben
Eugène Delacroix, 1858

Third quarter

Carl Blechen, 1825
Franz Ernst Neumann, 1886

Fourth Quarter

Henriette Méric-Lalande

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Giacomo Casanova

Second half of the year

Web links

Commons : 1798  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files