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The German Customs Union 1834-1919
18 German principalities found the German Customs Union .
First page of the "Hessischer Landbote - First Message"
Georg Büchner's
Hessischer Landbote is secretly distributed.
Queen Maria II of Portugal
After the defeat of Michael I in the Miguelistenkrieg, Maria II becomes Queen of Portugal again .
1834 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1282/83 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1826/27 (September 10-11)
Bengali solar calendar 1239/40 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2377/78 (southern Buddhism); 2376/77 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 75th (76th) cycle

Year of the wood horse甲午 ( at the beginning of the year water snake 癸巳)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1196/97 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4167/68 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1212/13
Islamic calendar 1249/1250 (turn of the year 10/11 May)
Jewish calendar 5594/95 (October 3-4)
Coptic calendar 1550/51 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 1009/10
Seleucid era Babylon: 2144/45 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2145/46 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1890/91 (April)


Politics and world events

German Customs Union





United States of America

United States 1834


Houses of Parliament in York / Toronto 1834



science and technology

The journey of the HMS Beagle

The HMS Beagle in the Strait of Magellan



  • John Herschel arrives in Cape Town, sets up his telescope there and discovers numerous nebulae.
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel observes irregularities in Sirius' own movement and suspects that these are due to a companion (who was finally found in 1862 by Alvan Clark at the location predicted by Bessel).



Teaching and Research




William Turner observed the fire in the palace and made several paintings on the subject


January February

August Weismann
Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev, 1897
Gustav Nachtigal

March April

Gottlieb Daimler

May June

Jacob Volhard

July August

Adolf Lüderitz, around 1885
Edgar Degas, around 1855
FA Bartholdi, sculptor and creator of the Statue of Liberty, 1898

September October

November December

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Friedrich Schleiermacher
Alois Senefelder 1834
La Fayette

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1834  - Collection of Pictures, Videos and Audio Files