Jules-Joseph Lefebvre (born March 14, 1834 in Tournan-en-Brie , Département Seine-et-Marne , † February 24, 1912 in Paris ) was a French painter and teacher at the Académie Julian in Paris. He specialized in portrait and nude painting .
Lefebvre was the son of a baker . His father encouraged him to go to Paris in 1852 to study painting. There he studied for a year under Léon Cogniet , and finally switched to the renowned École nationale supérieure des beaux-arts de Paris . In 1855 he exhibited his works for the first time at the Paris Salon . After completing his training, he traveled to Italy, where, after several unsuccessful attempts , he won the Prix de Rome in 1861 with the historical painting The Death of Priam .
During this time in Rome he was able to study the Mannerist painters extensively , especially Andrea del Sarto , from whom he was greatly influenced and whose work he copied. His first nude painting was also created at this time. He sent two works for exhibition at the Paris Salon in 1864 and 1866, but the latter was very poorly received by critics. When his parents and one of his sisters died that same year, it led to a deep depression and completely changed his life.
In the following years he returned to Paris and reconsidered his previous style, it changed more to a realistic representation of reality. In 1868 he exhibited his second nude painting in the salon, which was much better received. Two years later he had with truth that his first great success among others to its distinction as an officer of the Legion of Honor led. In the same year he took up his position as a teacher at the Académie Julian.
In the years that followed he refined his technique and concentrated entirely on portraits and nudes. From 1855 to 1898 he exhibited a total of 72 works in the Paris Salon, most of which showed women. His models included his daughter Yvonne, Napoléon Eugène Louis Bonaparte (Napoleon IV) and the writer Alexandre Dumas , who in 1892 bought the painting Femme Nue for 25,000 francs .
- Frank Weston Benson (1862-1951)
- Elizabeth Jane Gardner Bouguereau (1837-1922)
- Charles Courtney Curran (1861-1942)
- Ralph Wormeley Curtis (1854-1922)
- Gaston Darbour (1869-1941)
- Childe Hassam (1859-1935)
- George Hitchcock (1850-1913)
- Louis Aston Knight (1873-1948)
- Fernand Khnopff (1858–1921)
- Anna Elizabeth Klumpke (1856–1942)
- Arnold Lyongrün (1871–1935)
- Frederick MacMonnies (1863-1937)
- Gari Melchers (1860-1932)
- Willard Leroy Metcalf (1858-1925)
- Thomas Corsan Morton (1859-1928)
- Elizabeth Nourse (1859-1938)
- Robert Reid (1862-1929)
- Guy Rose (1867-1925)
- Joseph Henry Sharp (1859-1953)
- Edmund Charles Tarbell (1862-1938)
- Lesser Ury (1861-1931)
- Hugo Vogel (1855-1934)
- Léon Richet (1847–1907)
- Fleurs des Champs
- Girl with mandolin
- Truth (La Vérité) (1870)
- Chloé (1875)
- Portrait of Julia Foster Ward (1880)
- Japonaise (1882)
- Pandora (1882)
- Portrait of Edna Barger of Connecticut (1884)
- Clemence Isaure
- Officer of the Legion of Honor (1870)
- Member of the Académie des Beaux-Arts (1891)
- Commander of the Legion of Honor (1898)
- Lefebvre, 2nd Jules-Joseph . In: Arvid Ahnfelt (Hrsg.): Europe's constituent: alfabetiskt ordade biografier öfver vårt århundrades förnämsta artister . Oskar L. Lamms Förlag, Stockholm 1887, p. 300 (Swedish, runeberg.org ).
- Emmanuel Bénézit : Dictionnaire Critique et Documentaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs. Volume 8. Gründ, Paris, 1976, ISBN 2-7000-0158-3 (first edition 1911, volume 3: L – Z ).
- Georg Nordensvan : Lefebvre, Jules-Joseph . In: Theodor Westrin (Ed.): Nordisk familjebok konversationslexikon och realencyklopedi . 2nd Edition. tape 16 : Lee – Luvua . Nordisk familjeboks förlag, Stockholm 1912, Sp. 14 (Swedish, runeberg.org ).
- Lefebvre, Jules-Joseph . In: Hans Vollmer (Hrsg.): General lexicon of fine artists from antiquity to the present . Founded by Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker . tape 22 : Krügner – Leitch . EA Seemann, Leipzig 1928, p. 554-555 .
- Clara Erskine Clement, Lawrence Hutton: Artists of the Nineteenth Century and their Works. North Point Inc., St. Louis, 1969 (first edition 1879). ISBN 0-405-02222-0 .
- Eric M. Zafran (Ed.): French Salon Paintings from Southern Collections, High Museum of Art, Atlanta, 1982. ISBN 0-939802-15-5 (catalog of the exhibition of the same name, January 21 to March 3, 1983).
- Jane Turner: Grove Dictionary of Art | The Dictionary of Art. Volume 19. Groves Dictionary Inc., New York 1996.
- Jules-Joseph Lefebvre in Artcyclopedia (English)
- Jules-Joseph Lefebvre virtual gallery at TheARTwerx (English)
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||French painter|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 14, 1834|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Tournan-en-Brie|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 24, 1912|
|Place of death||Paris|