Hermann Wilhelm Vogel
Hermann Wilhelm Vogel (born March 26, 1834 in Dobrilugk ; † December 17, 1898 in Charlottenburg ) was a German photo chemist and discoverer of color sensitizers for the true-to-life color reproduction of photographs.
Vogel went to school in Dobrilugk until 1845, where he then completed an apprenticeship as a businessman with interruptions from 1848–51. He then studied chemistry and physics at the Gewerbeakademie Berlin and was assistant to Karl Friedrich Rammelsberg and Heinrich Wilhelm Dove from 1858 and assistant to Gustav Rose at the mineralogical museum from 1860 . In 1863 he founded "together with a few friends the› Photographische Verein zu Berlin ‹", from which in 1869 the Association for the Promotion of Photography , which he directed until the end of the 19th century , emerged; from 1864 he also published the Photographische Mitteilungen (Berlin).
At the same time, he took over the chair for photochemistry at the Berlin Trade Academy in 1864 . In 1868 he was a member of the North German solar eclipse expedition sent to Aden and the Upper Egyptian expedition.
In 1865 he visited the photographic studios in Prague, Dresden, Berlin, Potsdam and that of Jacob Wothly in Aachen. He kept a diary of this trip. During this time he also joined the Société française de Wothlytypie and received the license to produce pictures using the new Wothlytypie process.
In 1870 he went to the Photographers' Congress in Cleveland ( Ohio ) and toured the north of the USA and Canada . At the end of 1870 he participated in the English solar eclipse expedition to Sicily and in 1875 in the solar eclipse expedition to the Nicobar Islands .
In 1876 Hermann Vogel was appointed by the German government as a member of the International Jury for Photography, Lithography and Oil Printing at the World Exhibition in Philadelphia . In 1883 he traveled again to North America . From 1872 he was chairman of the Association for German Arts and Crafts and from 1884 head of the phototechnical laboratory of the Technical University in Charlottenburg . In 1885 he was elected a member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina .
Vogel worked with the photo chemist and inventor Johann Baptist Obernetter on orthochromatic processes that deliver images of colored objects in the correct tonal value .
Vogel died of heart failure on December 17, 1898 at 9:30 am and was buried in the Old Twelve Apostles Cemetery in Berlin-Schöneberg. In his honor, the Vogelzeile in Spandau , Staaken district, was given its name on August 26, 1965 in a district in which the streets were named after pioneers of photo technology . It lies between the Meydenbauerweg and the Gruberzeile. The Vogel Glacier in Antarctica is also named after him.
Work, meaning and pupil
Vogel's research covers all areas of photography . Particularly noteworthy are:
- The research on the sensitizers that led him to the discovery in 1873 that he could pick up objects in the correct tone values.
- His work on alkaline development ( collodion , silver baths , pigment printing )
- Photographic studies on perspective and on the principles of lighting and studio construction (1869)
- The experiments on the performance of lenses as well
- his photometer .
From 1873 onwards he was more interested in spectral photography and spectral analysis , and in 1877 he also constructed a universal spectroscope . Vogel was a staunch advocate of the "Wothlytypie" named after Jacob Wothly .
Alfred Stieglitz is one of Vogel's best-known and most prominent photography students . Another important pupil of Vogel was Karl Schwier , who founded the German Photographers Association in Weimar .
- Photochemistry and description of photographic chemicals , 5th edition, Gustav Schmidt, Berlin 1906, digitizedhttp: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3D~IA%3Dphotochemieundbe00voge~MDZ%3D%0A~SZ%3Dn10~doppelseiten%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D
- The photography of colored objects in the correct tone proportions , Robert Oppenheim, Berlin, 1885, digitizedhttp: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3D~IA%3Ddiephotographie00vogegoog~MDZ%3D%0A~SZ%3Dn10~doppelseiten%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D
- From the Indian Ocean to the Goldland Travel Observations (Berlin 1877)
- About the Spiritist Drift (Berlin 1880)
- Photographs according to nature , A. Hofmann & Comp., Berlin 1879, digitizedhttp: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3D~IA%3Dlichtbildernachd00voge~MDZ%3D%0A~SZ%3Dn6~doppelseiten%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D
- Practical spectral analysis of earthly substances , CH Beck, 1877.
- The chemical effects of light and photography in its application in art, science and industry , FA Brockhaus, Leipzig 1874, digitizedhttp: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3D~IA%3Ddiechemischenwi00vogegoog~MDZ%3D%0A~SZ%3Dn11~ double-sided%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D .
- Textbook of Photography , Robert Oppenheim, Berlin 1870, digitizedhttp: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3DrjYaAAAAYAAJ~IA%3D~MDZ%3D%0A~SZ%3DPR1~ double-sided%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D
- The photograph at the London World's Fair in 1862 , H. Neuhoff, Braunschweig 1863, digitizedhttp: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3DGJdxmwEACAAJ~IA%3D~MDZ%3D%0A~SZ%3DPP5~ double-sided%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D
- Pocket photographic dictionary. Robert Oppenheim, Berlin 1872, digitized
Article in the Photographic Notes
9th year, 1873
- Studies on Perspective in Landscape Photography, pp. 271–273 and 293–296
- Experiments on the sensitivity of collodies , communications from the photographic studio of the Royal Trade Academy, pp. 239–242
- On strengthening and fixing negatives that have already been varnished , pp. 164–167
- Photography in the Central Carpathians , pp. 135–140
- Dry Plate Photography and Sensitizers , pp. 112-116
- About alkaline development , communications from the photographic studio of the Royal Trade Academy, pp. 87–89 and 108–112
8th year, 1872
- A photographic tour in the Central Carpathians , pp. 164–173
- About the invisible photographic image , communications from the photographic studio of the Royal Trade Academy, pp. 160–164
7th year, 1871
- The total solar eclipse in Sicily , pp. 250–258
- Astronomical Photography in America , pp. 222-228
- Photography in America , pp. 197-202
- On Nature Photography , pp. 176-178
- Letter to H. Hartmann , pp. 161–167
- Letter to H. Hartmann , pp. 129-133
- Letters to H. Hartmann , pp. 107–115
- Letter to H. Hartmann , pp. 82-86
- Photographic Studies on Perspective , pp. 39-44
Article in the Polytechnic Journal
- Article by / about Hermann Wilhelm Vogel in the Polytechnisches Journal
honors and awards
- Honorary member of the Pennsylvania Photographic Society in 1870.
- the title of professor in recognition of his effectiveness as a teacher at the Royal Trade Academy (1873).
- Knight's Cross of the Franz Josef Order (1873).
- the title of professor as a lecturer in photography at the Dresden Polyechnikum (1896).
- Literature by and about Hermann Wilhelm Vogel in the catalog of the German National Library
- Nekrolog , Photographische Rundschau , Journal of the Friends of Photography, XIII. Vol., Wilhelm Knapp, Halle / S., 1899, p. 88.
- Josef Maria Eder : Dr. Hermann Wilhelm Vogel , Obituary, Photographische Correspondenz , 36th year, Vienna and Leipzig 1899, pp. 68–72
- Vogel, Hermann Wilhelm . In: District lexicon of the Luisenstädtischer Bildungsverein
- ↑ Photographische Rundschau 1895, Issue 2. P. 62. [Short biography]
- ^ Ludwig Hoerner : Photography and Photographers in Hanover and Hildesheim. Festschrift for the 150th birthday of photography . Published by the Hanover and Hildesheim photographers' guilds , produced in the Bad Pyrmont vocational promotion center in the training professions typesetting, repro photography, printing form production, flat printing and bookbinding as part of the retraining, 1989
- ^ Diary of a Viennese photographer . In: Ludwig Cabinet (ed.): Photographische Correspondenz , Gerolds & Sohn, Vienna, 1865. pp. 113–116, 162–168, 192–196 and 249–256.
- ↑ Dr. E. Hornig (Ed.): Photographische Correspondenz , 13th year, Vienna, 1876, p. 139.
- ^ Member entry of Hermann Wilhelm Vogel at the German Academy of Natural Scientists Leopoldina , accessed on June 18, 2016.
- ^ Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon , Volume 14, Leipzig 1908, p. 867; online via Zeno.org
- ^ Photo of the tombstone in Berlin
- ↑ Vogelzeile. In: Street name lexicon of the Luisenstädtischer Bildungsverein (near Kaupert )
- ↑ Wolfgang Baier: Source representations for the history of photography . 2nd edition, Schirmer / Mosel, Munich 1980, ISBN 3-921375-60-6 , p. 533
- ^ Axel Stefek: pupil of Hermann Wilhelm Vogel, picture chronicler of the war in France. The apprenticeship of the photographer Karl Schwier and his Wartburg album from 1872 . In: Weimar-Jena, Die große Stadt 6 (2013), no. 3, pp. 175–204.
- ↑ Dr. Hermann Vogel (Ed.): Photographische Mitteilungen , 7th year, Robert Oppenheim, Berlin, 1871, p. 288.
- ↑ Dr. Hermann Vogel (Ed.): Photographische Mitteilungen , 9th year, Robert Oppenheim, Berlin, 1873, p. 212.
- ↑ Dr. Hermann Vogel (Ed.): Photographische Mitteilungen , 10th year, 9th issue, Robert Oppenheim, Berlin, 1974, Personalnachrichten, p. 240.
- ↑ Dr. Hermann Vogel (Ed.): Photographische Mitteilungen , 32nd year, Robert Oppenheim, Berlin, 1896, p. 284.
|SURNAME||Vogel, Hermann Wilhelm|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German photo chemist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 26, 1834|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Dobrilugk|
|DATE OF DEATH||December 17, 1898|
|Place of death||Berlin-Charlottenburg|