Polytechnical Journal

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Polytechnical Journal
Polytechnisches Journal 1820 Titel.png
description Trade journal
language German
First edition 1820
attitude 1874
editor Johann Gottfried Dingler
Article archive Wikisource
Dingler's polytechnical journal

description Trade journal
language German
First edition 1874
attitude 1931

The Polytechnisches Journal is the oldest technical journal in Germany that was created without any connection to a trade association . It was one of the most important technical journals in the German language of the 19th century.

Its founder and first editor was the Augsburg chemist and manufacturer Johann Gottfried Dingler (1778–1855). The magazine was published by the JG Cotta publishing house in Stuttgart .


It was published from 1820 to 1931 and comprises a total of 33,448 articles with 3,495 illustrations in 370 volumes and 24 atlases. From 1820 to 1825 three volumes were published per year, from 1826 to 1899 four volumes per year, and from 1900 to 1931 one volume per year. Between 1878 and 1884 atlases of 24 volumes with up to 42 full-page illustrations were published.

Some of the contributions consist of reviews of publications from Europe and the USA . Another part includes translations and descriptions of patents from Europe and the USA. The overview is completed by descriptions and discussions of various processes from all areas of technology.

Dingler's project of a polytechnic comprised nothing less than "general natural history, natural science, chemistry, mineralogy, botany, agriculture and housekeeping, engineering and trade, trade and goods science".

The large timeframe covered by the »Polytechnic Journal« spans from the first tender roots of electrical engineering to the provisional conclusion of the theory of relativity. At first it was more questions of the slowly industrializing agriculture and the increasingly mechanized craft, successively areas such as mining and metallurgy, machine and vehicle construction, drive technology, chemical processes, electrical or communications technology are added.

In addition to the discussion of technical innovations and patent specifications, the "Polytechnical Journal" also dealt with the socio-political and social issues associated with industrialization. The emergence of factory workers and trade unions were discussed as well as the first symptoms of industrial pollution.

In 1830/31 his son Emil Maximilian Dingler (1806–1874) was co-editor and joint editor. Shortly before his death, he consented to the name being changed to Dingler's polytechnical journal . The print run was 1,500 copies in 1836 and around 2,500 in 1858. In the course of the global economic crisis , the magazine ceased to appear in 1931.

With a duration of 111 years, this magazine is an unparalleled, Europe-wide archive of the history of technology, knowledge and culture. Only in Great Britain , The Engineer, exists a technical journal that has been published for a longer time.

As Dingler-Online (see web links), the entire inventory of the »Polytechnic Journal« was text digitized in a project by the Institute for Cultural Studies at the Humboldt University in Berlin - in cooperation with the Saxon State Library - Dresden State and University Library (SLUB) and stored under the Creative Commons license CC-BY-NC-ND 3.0 made freely available on the Internet.

If you are looking for a technical "alternative" today, you might find, when searching this work, that it has already been found, but has been forgotten.


  • Helmut Hilz: Technical magazines and industrialization - Germany's technical magazine culture up to the First World War . In: From the second-hand bookshop . No. 2, 2009, pp. 71–84, pp. 73 ff.
  • Franz Fischer: Dinglers Polytechnisches Journal until the death of its founder (1820–1855). In: Archive for the history of the book industry (AGB). 15, 2007, col. 1027-1142 ( PDF ).
  • Irene R. Lauterbach: Dinglers Polytechnisches Journal . In: Geschichte der Pharmazie (DAZ supplement), 65th year, 29 August 2013, pp. 42–47.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ JG Dingler: preliminary report. In: Polytechnisches Journal. Vol. 1, 1820.

Web links

Commons : Polytechnic Journal  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Polytechnic Journal  - Sources and Full Texts