Johann Gottfried Dingler

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Johann Dingler approx. 1820.jpg

Johann Gottfried Dingler (born January 2, 1778 in Zweibrücken , † May 19, 1855 in Augsburg ) was a German chemist and manufacturer.


His father, a linen weaver , had moved from Plieningen to Zweibrücken and assigned his five sons to the craftsmen class. However, due to his talent at the elementary school, Johann Gottfried was given an apprenticeship at the Hahn pharmacist in Oppenheim .

From 1793–1795 he served in Minden as a field pharmacist in the Prussian army and then practiced as an assistant in Schmalkalden and Nuremberg . In 1800 he established himself as a self-employed pharmacist in Augsburg . Here he met the calico print manufacturer Schüle . Calico printing was then based on empirical experience, and Dingler believed that the application of chemical science could improve processes. In 1804 he traveled to Mulhouse , where the calico printing industry was booming, and became thoroughly familiar with the needs of the printing company. In 1806 he founded a factory for chemical products Dingler & Arnold in Augsburg on Weinmarkt , which he later ran alone. It was the first Bavarian sulfuric acid factory whose main product was used for bleaching linen and cotton yarn.

His first son Emil Maximilian was born on March 10, 1806 .

In 1809/10 he was back in Mulhouse and occupied himself with dyeing Turkish red . He made some practical inventions in the field of dyeing and garment printing. In 1815 he was able to expand his business, mainly with various tin stains. He had to give up a calico printing company he had taken over, which he provided with many improvements, due to insufficient funds. In 1835 his company changed hands and in 1845 he completely withdrew from the business.

Since 1806 he was also literary in his field and edited a journal for the entire field of dyeing, printing and bleaching. In 1806 the University of Giessen awarded him a doctorate for this. He found that reporting on technical advances was still poor. Together with the publisher Johann Friedrich Cotta , he planned a monthly Polytechnisches Journal , which he mainly used from the end of 1820. From 1831 his son took part in this and took over in 1840. He was also in correspondence with the founder of modern pharmacy, Johann Bartholomäus Trommsdorff .


  • Journal for the Zitz, Kattun or India printing etc .: 2 vols. 1806/07
  • New journal for the Indian or cotton printing company etc .; 4 vols. 1815-1817
  • Description of several steamers for cooking and heating ; 1818
  • Magazine for the arts of printing, dyeing and bleaching ; 3 vol. 1818-1820
  • New English coloring book by E. Bankroft, from the English by IA Buchner ; Nuremberg 1817/1818, 2 volumes; with Wilhelm Heinrich Jacob von Kurrer
  • On Buchner ’s translation of Bancroft’s English coloring book ; 1817/18
  • Floor plan of the dye works by IB Vitalis, from the French by IH Schultes ; Stuttgart and Tübingen, 1824
  • To Schulte's translation of Vitalis' Grundriß der Därberei ; 1824


Web links

Wikisource: Johann Gottfried Dingler  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Karl Karmarsch:  Dingler, Emil Maximilian . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 5, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1877, p. 239.
  2. Turkish Red . In: Heinrich August Pierer , Julius Löbe (Hrsg.): Universal Lexicon of the Present and the Past . 4th edition. tape 17 . Altenburg 1863, p. 947 ( ).
  3. Dingler . In: Heinrich August Pierer , Julius Löbe (Hrsg.): Universal Lexicon of the Present and the Past . 4th edition. tape 5 . Altenburg 1858, p. 159-160 ( ).