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Heads of State · necrology · Literature Year · Music Year

Olympe de Gouges
Olympe de Gouges drafts
the Declaration of the Rights of Women and Citizens .
Mozart 1790
The composer
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
dies in Vienna at the age of 35.
Jean Duplessi-Bertaux: Return of Louis XVI.  to Paris on June 25, 1791
The escape of King Louis XVI. from revolutionary France is foiled at Varennes .
1791 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1239/40 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1783/84 (September 11-12)
Bengali solar calendar 1196/97 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2334/35 (southern Buddhism); 2333/34 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 74th (75th) cycle

Year of the Metal Pig辛亥 ( at the beginning of the year Metal Dog庚戌)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1153/54 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4124/25 (October 2/3)
French revolution calendar Year III of Freedom
Iranian calendar 1169/70
Islamic calendar 1205/06 (turn of the year August 30/31)
Jewish calendar 5551/52 (September 28-29)
Coptic Calendar 1507/08 (September 11th / 12th)
Malayalam calendar 966/967
Seleucid era Babylon: 2101/02 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2102/03 (New Year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1847/48 (April)


Politics and world events

France during the revolution

The French Constitution of 1791

Other events in Europe

The adoption of the May Constitution

America and the Caribbean

United States 1791–92



science and technology


Visual arts

Chef's caricature

Joseph Anton Koch made the caricature of the art practice at the Hohen Karlsschule after Intendant Christoph Dionysius von Seeger punished him inappropriately. A few months later, Koch flees from the High Charles School and from Stuttgart and joins a circle of Jacobins in Strasbourg .


The History of England , by Jane Austen's own hand

15-year-old Jane Austen wrote the satirical work The History of England and dated it "Saturday 26 November 1791".

Music and theater

The old court theater
The clarinet concerto
  • Between September 28th and October 7th, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wrote the Clarinet Concerto , KV 622 , his last completed instrumental work. The soloist Anton Stadler , to whom Mozart dedicated his work, will be at the world premiere on October 16 in Prague .
Theater ticket for the premiere


Voltaire is transferred to the Pantéon



First quarter

Franz Grillparzer

Second quarter

James Buchanan
Samuel Finley Breese Morse

Third quarter

Michael Faraday
Theodor Körner, 1813/1814

Fourth Quarter

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

  • 0March 1: Peter Ahlwardt , German theologian and philosopher (* 1710)
John Wesley

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1791  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files