National Legislative Assembly

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The National Legislative Assembly was a central element in the French Constitution of 1791.

The Legislative Assembly ( French National Assembly legislature was), the successor to the Constituent National Assembly , from 1. October 1791 to 21st September 1792 the first and legislative working Parliament in the First French Republic .

The term "Legislative Assembly" is explained by the distinction for "National Constituent Assembly" ( Constituent Assembly ) that the underlying condition of the 3 September 1791 , the first of the French Revolution , which had worked out the revolutionary France of an absolutist to a constitutional monarchy transformed which only existed for about a year - the French Republic was proclaimed as early as 1792 and a national convention was established (see also the time table for the French Revolution ) . The members of the National Constituent Assembly were no longer eligible for election to the National Legislative Assembly.

The electoral system ( census suffrage ) was also laid down in the first revolutionary constitution of 1791. According to this, only active citizens were allowed to vote: French men over 25 years of age whose tax revenue corresponded to the equivalent of at least three working days (2–5 livres ). The French were eligible to vote in just over 4 million for a total population of around 20-25 million. These 4 million eligible voters elected 50,000 electors who had to have at least 100-400 working days of property. These electors elected 745 members to the National Legislative Assembly. The legislature should be according to the constitution two years. The king could not dissolve this parliament.

The composition of the Legislative National Assembly was: approx. 136 Jacobins (radical and moderate " Girondists "), approx. 345 independent "constitutionalists", approx. 264 liberals and noble citizens, so-called " Feuillants ".

The Legislative National Assembly met first in the Archbishop's Palace in Paris, then in the Manège room next to the Palais des Tuileries , including the two neighboring monasteries of the Capuchins and the Feuillanten . The congregation remained in these rooms until it was dissolved on September 21, 1792. During the Tuileries Storm on August 10, 1792, the French royal family had to flee from the neighboring Tuileries Palace and seek refuge at the assembly. Your successor institution, the National Convention , moved to the Tuileries on May 9, 1793.

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Individual evidence

  1. a b Legislative Assembly. Retrieved May 17, 2013 .
  2. a b c The French Revolution on GLASNOST Retrieved May 25, 2013 .