The French parliament ( French Parlement français ) is a bicameral parliament in the French capital Paris . According to the Constitution of the Fifth French Republic , it consists of the Senate as the upper house and the National Assembly as the lower house . The meetings of the Senate take place in the Palais du Luxembourg , those of the National Assembly in the Palais Bourbon . Joint meetings of the National Assembly and Senate, the so-called Congress of Parliament , are traditionally held in the Palace of Versailles .
Historically, the French parliament developed from the medieval parlement , but only acquired its modern meaning during the course of the French Revolution . The foundations of the French parliament go back to the constitution of 1791 , in which the legislative national assembly was established as a unicameral parliament . In the constitution of 1795 (constitution of the year of revolution III) a two-chamber system with the council of the ancients ("Conseil des Anciens") as upper house and the council of five hundred as lower house was established for the first time.
Association of states :
European Union: European Parliament
Sovereign States :
Albania: Assembly of Albania | Andorra: General Council of Valleys | Belgium: Parliament ( Chamber of Deputies , Senate ) | Bosnia and Herzegovina: Parliamentary Assembly ( House of Representatives , House of Peoples ) | Bulgaria: National Assembly | Denmark: People's Assembly | Germany: Bundestag , Bundesrat | Estonia: Riigikogu | Finland: Reichstag | France: Parliament ( National Assembly , Senate ) | Greece: Parliament | Ireland: Oireachtas ( Dáil , Senate ) | Iceland: Althing | Italy: Parliament ( Chamber of Deputies , Senate ) | Croatia: Assembly | Latvia: Saeima | Liechtenstein: Parliament | Lithuania: Seimas | Luxembourg: Chamber of Deputies | Malta: House of Representatives | Moldova: Parliament | Monaco: National Council | Montenegro: Parliament | Netherlands: States General ( First Chamber , Second Chamber ) | North Macedonia: Parliament | Norway: General Assembly | Austria: Parliament ( Nationalrat , Bundesrat ) | Poland: Sejm , Senate | Portugal: Assembly of the Republic | Romania: Parliament ( Chamber of Deputies , Senate ) | Russia: Federation Assembly ( Duma , Federation Council ) | San Marino: Great and General Council | Sweden: Reichstag | Switzerland: Federal Assembly ( National Council , Council of States ) | Serbia: National Assembly | Slovakia: National Council | Slovenia: State Assembly , State Council | Spain: Cortes Generales ( House of Representatives , Senate ) | Czech Republic: House of Representatives , Senate | Ukraine: Supreme Council | Hungary: Parliament |
Vatican | United Kingdom: Parliament ( lower house , upper house ) | Belarus: House of Representatives , Council of the Republic | Cyprus: House of Representatives
Other (autonomous and overseas) areas :
Åland : Lagting |
Faroe Islands : Løgting |
Gibraltar : Parliament |
Guernsey : States of Guernsey |
Isle of Man : Tynwald ( House of Keys , Council on Legislation ) |
Jersey : States of Jersey
Disputed (not recognized) areas :
Kosovo: Parliament | Transnistria: Supreme Soviet | Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus: Assembly of the Republic